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FIRST NATION!

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by

nicole gordon

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of FIRST NATION!

All the things I know. All about aboriginals! NEXT clothing.. THIS IS ABOUT FIRST NATIONS! ALL ABOUT ABORIGINAL MAPPING! Different tribes live in different places and they have their own culture. Here are some examples. Different aboriginal tribes! Dome -shaped wigwams, usually as winter dwelling for the Ojibwa, Chippewa and Salteax,who lived in the subartic. The frame was covered with mats and sheets of bark. A smoke hole was left in the crentre of the roof. DOME LODGE What type of clothing did they wear? First nations are very attached to nature almost everything they do involves nature. The aboriginals live in different places and some people think they live in Nunavut .Only a few live there (not a lot). Here is a map of Canada. The First Nations live all over Canada. This is an aboriginal symbol. CARIBOU INUIT This group is called Caribou inuit because of its well produced caribou. The Caribou inuit is well known for hunting,and fishing.
-Total population
3,000
-Location
Nunavut
-Lauguge
inukititut
-Religion
Christanity,shamrisn Caribou inuit ancestores went back and forth between the barenland to hunt Beverly and the qamanirjuaq( an animal) They used to be called Eskimos, that meant in North America "eater of raw meat".The Caribou inuit did not have a permanent home.In 1999 Canada gave Nunavut to the inuit .The area still belongs to Canada but they can still live there.They ate fish, whales, walrus, caribou, seals, polar bear and birds. They mostly ate any thing they could find. Caribou Inuit did not live in igloos.They used igloos when they hunt to store their food in. Just like a fridge. They live in teepees instead of igloos. They belived that everything has a heart and soul,even animals. No part of the animal was wasted. They used the animal skin to make winter clothes. They also traveled in yoats to get around . This is a caribou that the Caribou Inuit people eat. This is a picture of Okanagan wearing white man's clothes Tsmihian They lived between Nass and Keena rivers in B.C. They are good at carving and had good artwork.They told story's on totompoled.They lived in places close to water.Women were responsible for getting plants and berries.Men were responsible for hunting common animals(like deers, elk, bears and caribou) while the women gathered. Men looked for nearby seals for additional foods . OKANAGAN Okanagan took over 69,000 square km of land.They spoke Aritior lishan.They lived in the South west, which is now Alberta, also the South east, which is now BC and northern Washington .They hunted coyotes, foxes, racoons, porcupines, weasels, beavers, hermits, and hares. Every man had to kill at least one white deer in their life.They lived in the plateau region.They gathered berries and ate animals. Mostly anything they could find. OGEPWAY Ogepway is between Canada and the United states. It's the second population.They speak Anitinag .People in the community don't cut their hair, they just leave it long.They live in a wigwam. Their community expands each time.They belived in spirts.They were the French so they know how to speak French.They did arts and crafts. They traded with different people. They did rock art and they were good at music. BLACK FOOT They lived in the northern part of Missouri and Saskatchewan. They named their tribe Blackfoot because of the clothes and foot wear they wore.They depended on the buffalo for their daily life.They ate plants and berries. Some of the stuff they made out of buffalo skin was:
-clothes
-scrapers
-knife handle
-spoons
-tepees
-weapons
They worshiped the sun and the thunder of aiurt and they aspect for nature. MIQMACKS During the summer they would harvest seafood and during the winter they harvest what they hunted in the woods.The best weapon to hunt in the woods was bow and arrow.They stored food and clothes in dirt .They ate many animals like rabbit, hamsters and seals.They lived in New Brunswick, P.E.I, Newfound land, Labrador, Nova Scotia, Quebec, and the U.S.A.Their religion was Christianity and Miqmac.They spoke English, French and Miqmack. They fought the British to keep their land. October was Miqmack history match .October 1 they celebrated the worlds TREATY DAY!They had treaty day on 7052.Then they were divided into 4 districts all four districts had there own government. TIPI A conical tent made of animal skins or birch bark which could be disassembled and reassembled quickly when a tribe decided to move and resettle. This was important to the plains Indians who were nomadic. PIT HOUSE A Pit house is a dwelling dug into the ground so that it would be cool in the summer and warm in the winter. Pit houses were found in dry plateau areas. LONG HOUSE A long house is a house with walls made of strips of birch bark. It had an opening that was covered with animal skin in the winter.The Iroquoians of the fertile eastern woodlands lived in long houses . PLANK HOUSE A plank house has a dadding and roofing made of cedar planks .These houses were found on the northern coast where the weather was mild. IGLOO A igloo has a dome-shaped dwelling constructed from blocks of ice and snow. It was used mostly by people who lived in the Central Arctic. CLOTHING Aboriginals wore different clothes depending on where they lived. The most common thing to use as clothes were buffalo. ABORIGINAL TRANSPORT They use Toboggans for ice and snow, Cedar Bark canoe for oceans. Snowshoes for snow, Travouis in the plains and Birch bark canoe on rivers. ABORIGINAL FOOD The Iroquoians had corn, beans and squash as their stapel.. Iroquoians men hunted and fished. They fished in spring and in the fall.They also hunted mainly in the fall and winter. PLAINS As hunters, the plains Aboriginals ate meat from bison, antelope, deer, elk, and moose. Gophers, rabbits, prairie chickens and other small animals and birds were caught in snare traps. They also picked different berries. METIS The Metis ate food they got by hunting and fishing. They ate food like buffalo, deer, moose, prairie chicken, rabbits, ducks, geese,and fish. They gathered berries. Pemmican was made from dried crushed meat. It was an important food because it was easy to take on hunting trips and did not go bad. NORTHWEST COAST They enjoyed an abundance of food sources from land and sea. The men would hunt and fish while the women would fill their baskets with shellfish. These are some examples
1.Roots -thread
2.Bone awls-needle
3.Deer skin -cloth
4.moose hair -weaving what they do with it ABORIGINALS! WE NEED TO SAVE THER CULTURE! INUIT Since there is not a lot of edible plants in the Arctic, they mostly ate meat from hunting. They ate Caribou, seals, walruses, polar bears, Arctic hares, musk, oxen, and fish such as Arctic char and salmon. ABORIGINAL ART! The most common thing on tombolas are eagles, frogs, owls and other birds. At night time when bad dreams come they use dream catchers to catch the bad dreams and bring in the good dreams. Now they use dream catchers for decoration. Inuit familys get art supplies on shores and rock. One of the six community that carve totombloes are Hadia ABORIGINAL CULTURE There are 50 Aboriginal languages in Canada. Many communities have their own name .Every Aboriginal tribe has their own celebrations like the sun dance. In the winter they had celebrations like the pow wow. Potlarch was a very important celebration celebrating wealth. They said Pow wow thanked their creator, which was their god. Sundance was celebrated in the summer,and they prayed, played the drums and danced. ABORIGINAL CONTRIBUTION Aboriginal grew corn, Corn was used as a staple. Corn was the first thing grown. Sunflower seeds were made then, and we still have them today. They made tea with black berries to make you feel better. Popcorn is made from corn. 2 boys were the first to make popcorn. The sap from the spruce tree was like chewing gum. Sunflower seed also can be used for oil. ABORIGINAL TRANSPORT The purka is a heavy hood, often lined with fur or fake fur. The Inuit were the first people to use a kayak. The Inuit used caribou or seeds to protect themselves. Aboriginal people made goggles from bone, ivory and atels to protect themselves against snow glare. To travel over deep snow Aboriginals used spruce and raw hole to make web like shoes. Aboriginals in Eastern Canada used bark or animals skins for toboggans and for pulling heavy objects in the snow or ice.Aboriginals made different kind of canoes for different needs. The Inuit were the first people to use kayaks. They used animal skin and stretched it out on a wooden frame. GROWING AND USING CORN The first sister is the corn the second is squash and the third is beans. Squash is from a flower, Beans grow from vines and corn grows on fields. The beans make space for the corn .The squash provides sunlight to prevent weeds from growing. Aboriginals grew corn by seed. They made corn flour out of corn kennels. They used the flour to make bread, cake and a biscuit called BANOCK. They used corn to feed themselves and the animals. When spring started they put the corn seeds in the ground. In the summer the corn seeds started to grow.In the winter its too cold for the plants, so they freeze up and slowly die. In the fall it would be ready and they would eat. USING THE LEFT OVER PARTS OF THE CORN Baskets are made of the left over part of the corn. The aboriginals made lots of things with the left over corn. They made masks out of corn, mats, moccasins and corn dolls. This is corn as you see. BEFORE CONTACT These slides are going to tell you about aboriginal's first contact: AFTER CONTACT When the Europeans found the aboriginals. WHAT HAPPENED..... When the Europeans first landed on the aboriginals land they didn't look at their skin like the aboriginals did. They just looked at their jewelery and what they were wearing. Soon the Europeans came back and decided to start a Residential school. The aboriginal children were forced to go there, or their parents would go to jail. The Europeans thought that was a good idea, but the aboriginals had another answer. Some of them liked it but some did not. At the residential school they only ate burned bread and porridge. They were only allowed to see their parents in the summer, but some parents could not always go there. They couldn't bring anything religious related with them. When they got there, they brain- washed them and did everything to suck their religon out of them. GOOD THINGS! The good thing about the Europeans meeting the Aboriginals was the........ WHAT IT LED TO...... All the things that happened then like the Residential school and how they almost took away their religion, are still happening today, but the Residential schools did stop. The government said "sorry" but they thought that wasn't enough. Some Aboriginal reserves are still not in shape like Attiwaspikat. One girl who tried to make a change was Shannon, but didn't make her goal and died when she was 15. THANK YOU ! That is what I learned in this unit about Aboriginals. CONTACT WITH THE ABORIGINALS! The Aboriginals wanted tools ,weapons ,and other manufactured goods: metal knives metal axe heads ,fire arms,cloth ,copper pots,alcohol and sewing needles.

The Europeans wanted raw materials and survival skills :knowledge of plant medicines,furs ,knowledge of the lakes ,rivers and forests. Well,when they were trading with the Aboriginals, the Europeans spreaded a sickness and it spreaded all around, killing many aboriginals. Enjoy this clip!
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