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Animal Farm

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Cory Jackson

on 14 February 2013

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Transcript of Animal Farm

Animal Farm by George Orwell Day 1
Essential Questions What is an allegory?
What is its purpose? Day 1
Opener Read "The Wolf and the Lamb."
What is the moral of the story? The Wolf and the Lamb

WOLF, meeting with a Lamb astray from the fold, resolved not to lay violent hands on him, but to find some plea to justify to the Lamb the Wolf's right to eat him. He thus addressed him: "Sirrah, last year you grossly insulted me."
"Indeed," bleated the Lamb in a mournful tone of voice, "I was not then born."
Then said the Wolf, "You feed in my pasture."
"No, good sir," replied the Lamb, "I have not yet tasted grass."
Again said the Wolf, "You drink of my well."
"No," exclaimed the Lamb, "I never yet drank water, for as yet my mother's milk is both food and drink to me."
Upon which the Wolf seized him and ate him up, saying, "Well! I won't remain supperless, even though you refute every one of my imputations."
- Also on page 95 of "Animal Farm" Day 1
Opener Read "The Wolf and the Lamb."
Answer in two sentences: What is the moral of the story? Day 1
Opener The moral: A tyrant will always find a pretext for his tyranny. allegory: a representation of an abstract or spiritual meaning through concrete or material forms; figurative treatment of one subject under the guise of another. Day 1
Discussion Question Do "The Lorax" and "The Wolf and the Lamb" qualify as allegories? = Animal
Farm Russian
Revolution "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely. Great men are almost always bad men." - Lord Acton, 1834-1902 Day 2
Essential Questions What is Old Major proposing?
What system of government does this resemble?
Why are the animals afraid of a government?
How does "Beast of England" resemble 1950s and 60s protest music? Day 2
Opener - Read the provided section of the
Declaration of Independence.
- What did the founding fathers mean when they said the governed should "throw off" a bad government? Has this ever happened?
- Respond in a three sentences. From the Declaration of Independence:

"...when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security."

- What did the founding fathers mean when they said the governed should "throw off" a bad government? Has this ever happened? Respond in a 1x5. - Read Chapter One Then, with your assigned group, compare and contrast the text with the chapter.
- How are the two texts similar?
- How are they different?
- Why was the non-fiction text written? Who was the audience? What was the purpose? Day 3
Essential Questions What are the animals' grievances with Jones, and how do they compare to American colonists' grievances with England in the Declaration of Independence?
How do the animals relate to what Marx called the “means of production” in the Communist Manifesto?
How do the Seven Commandments compare to the Constitution and the Ten Commandments? Day 3
Opener - Examine the piece of propaganda.
- Who is the audience?
- What is the message? - Read Chapter Two Then, with your assigned group, compare and contrast the text with the chapter.
- How are the two texts similar?
- How are they different?
- Why was the non-fiction text written? Who was the audience? What was the purpose? Day 4
Opener - Read the selection.
- Why was it important for people to have science "prove" black men were inferior? Day 4
Essential Questions - Are all animals truly equal in this system? When the Founding Fathers wrote, "All men are created equal?" did they mean it?
- Why are the humans considered "parasites" and who are the parasites in our society?
- How did Hitler use science to justify hating Jews, and how do the pigs use science to their advantage? Day 4
Opener Samuel A. Cartwright, a doctor who lived during the Civil War, said African Americans had "primitive psychological organizations" that made them fit to be only slaves. He also said slaves ran away from their masters because of a mental illness called "drapetomania."

Why were white slaveowners so supportive of his ideas? - Read Chapter Three Then, with your assigned group, compare and contrast the text with the chapter.
- How are the two texts similar?
- How are they different?
- Why was the non-fiction text written? Who was the audience? What was the purpose? Day 5
Opener - Watch the video.
- What is the message?
- How do the creators try to influence people? Day 5
Essential Questions - Why couldn't the humans stand to hear "Beasts of England"?
- How does it being outlawed compare to Pete Seeger being blacklisted in the U.S.? - Read Chapter Four Discuss, first in groups, then as a class, why you think Joseph McCarthy wanted people like Pete Seeger blacklisted. Ad hominem Appeal to Fear Bandwagon Disinformation Slogan Ad nauseum propaganda - information, ideas, or rumors deliberately spread widely to help or harm a person, group, movement, institution, nation, etc. Day 6
Opener Consider the video we watched about the Russian Revolution. Who might the characters in Animal Farm represent? Day 6
Essential Questions - How does Snowball’s plight compare to that of President Abraham Lincoln?
- What types of propaganda are used in the arguments between Napoleon and Snowball?
- According to Squealer, what is the most important quality for the animals to have? How does this differ from what Snowball said in Chapter 4? - Read Chapter Five Then, with your assigned group, compare and contrast the Abraham Lincoln quotes and bio with the chapter. “Nearly all men can stand adversity, but if you want to test a man's character, give him power.”
- President Abraham Lincoln "Bravery is not enough. Loyalty and obedience are more important."
- Squealer, Animal Farm (27) Day 7
Essential Questions What is a scapegoat, and how does Snowball fit that role?
Why is "Beasts of England" forbidden?
How does the new song compare to "Beasts of England?" Answer while considering Bob Dylan's "The Times They Are A-Changin" and "God Bless America." Day 7
Opener Why did Napoleon want Snowball gone? Answer in two sentences. Day 8
Opener Identify the type of propaganda used in the following situations:
- The four young pigs' confessions to being in touch with Snowball and hearing him confess to be Jones' agent (39)
- Dogs' public execution of "rebellious animals" (40)
- Labeling Snowball a traitor and ignoring his arguments (38) Day 8
Essential Questions - How do the neighboring farms represent the alliances of World War II?
- How does "Comrade Napoleon" (44) compare to poetry written about Adolf Hitler? WWII Alliances Franklin D. Roosevelt
U.S. President
Allied Powers Adolf Hitler
Fuhrer of Nazi Germany
Axis Powers Joseph Stalin
Leader of Soviet Union
Neutral/Allied Powers Pilkington
Foxwood Farm Frederick
Pinchfield Farm Napoleon
Manor/Animal Farm Animal Farm Day 9
Opener Choose one of the following school rules, and change it the way the pigs change some of the Seven Commandments:
1. No student shall use a cell phone.
2. No student shall leave campus for lunch.
3. All students will be treated equally. Day 9
Essential Questions - How do the retirement policies of Animal Farm compare to European retirement policies?
- What does the return of Moses signify?
- What is a martyr, and how does Boxer (willingly or unwillingly) fulfill that role? martyr - a person who sacrifices something of great value and especially life itself for the sake of principle Day 10
Opener Given what you know so far, what would you say is the message of "Animal Farm?"

Answer in two sentences. Day 10
Essential Questions Why do the humans and animals now get along? What changed?
What does the name change mean?
Is the farm still operated by animals? PAIR Choose a partner, and compare your "messages." Together, come up with one message, either by choosing one or combining parts of each. THINK Having read the last chapter and taking part in our discussion, what changes, if any, would you make to the novel's message? SHARE Now, combine with another pair, and repeat the process. Choose one or combine parts of each message. Be prepared to share and explain. Chapter 1
What do Animalism and Communism have in common? Chapter 2
What similar complaints did American colonists and the animals in "Animal Farm" have? Chapter 3
What do the pigs and Hitler have in common? Chapter 4
What is propaganda? What are the techniques? Chapter 5
What do Abraham Lincoln and Snowball have in common? Chapter 6
What is a scapegoat? Who is the scapegoat in Animal Farm? Chapter 7
What types of songs are "Beasts of England" and "The Times They Are a'Changin"? What about "God Bless America" and "Animal Farm"? Chapter 8
How are the alliances of WWII depicted? Chapter 9
How are retirement policies in AF and Europe similar?
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