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Copy of The Merchant of Venice Mind Map #1
Transcript of Copy of The Merchant of Venice Mind Map #1
Bassanio wants to marry Portia, a wealthy and beautiful woman, but he doesn't have money to travel to Belmont and become one of her many suitors. Therefore, Bassanio's dear friend, Antonio, borrows money from Shylock, the Jewish moneylender, with the loan interest-free under the agreement of Antonio to repay the loan with a pound of his flesh if he cannot provide the cash. Event 2
To marry Portia, each of Portia's suitors has to choose one of three caskets. One is made of gold, other one is made of silver, and the other one is made of lead. According to her father's will, the man who is intelligent enough to make the right choice will marry Portia. Event 3
Jessica, Shylock's daughter, takes advantage of the masquerade to disguise as a page boy, and becomes Lorenzo's torchbearer. Then, they escape together from Venice with the ducats and jewels Jessica has stolen from her father. Event 4
When Shylock finds out that his daughter left home with his money and jewels, he expresses fury against his daughter and Christians. Solanio entertains Salerio with an imitation of the outraged Shylock. Event 5
The Prince of Morocco unlocks the gold casket and the Prince of Arragon opens the silver casket. Since both are not the right choices, they cannot marry Portia. Event 1 Event 5 Event3 Event 2 Event 4 Antonio has to repay the loan with a pound of his flesh if he does not provide cash Jessica and Lorenzo : the secret lovers Three caskets : gold, silver and lead furious Shylock The prince choosing from three caskets Shylock:
"Go with me to a notary, seal me there/ Your single bond; and , in a merry spot,/ If you repay me not on such a day,/ In such a place, such sum or sums as are/ Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit/ Be nominated for an equal pound/ Of your fair flesh, to be cut off and taken/ In what part of your body pleaseth me."
(Act1, Scene3, line 140-147) Portia:
"... The brain may devise laws/ for the blood, but a hot temper leaps o'er a cold decree:/ such a hare is madness (the youth), to skip o'er the meshes of good counsel (the cripple). But this reasoning is not in the fashion to choose me a husband. ..."
(Act1, Scene2, line 17-21) Jessica:
"Here, cathch this casket; it is worth the pains./ I am glad 'tis night, you do not look on me,/ For I am much asham'd of my exchange:/ But love is blind, and lovers cannot see/ The pretty follies that themselves commit;/ For if they could, Cupid himself would blush/ To see me thus transformed to a boy."
(Act2. Scene6, line 33-39) Solanio:
" I never heard a passion so confus'd/ So strange, outrageous, and so variable,/ As the god Jew did utter in the streets:/ 'My daughter! O my ducats! O my daughter!/ Fled with a Christian! O my Christian ducats!/ Justice! the law! my ducats, and my daughter!/ A sealed bag, two sealed bags of ducats,/ Of double ducats, stol'n from me by my daughter!/ And jewels! two stones, two rich and precious stones,/ Stol'n by my daughter! Justice! find the girl!/ She hath the stones upon her, and the ducats.'"
(Act2, Scene8, line 12-22) Morocco:
"O hell! what have we here?/ A carrion Death, within whose empty eye/ There is a written scroll. I'll read the writing./ 'All that glisters is not gold;/ Often have you heard that told;/ Many a man his life hath sold/ But my outside to behold/ Gilded tombs do worms infold/ Had you been as wise as bold,/ Young in limbs, in judgement old,/ Your answer had not been inscroll'd./ Fare you well, your suit is cold.' "
(Act2, Scene7, line 63-73) Bassanio is a gentleman from Venice, and a dear friend to Antonio. Bassanio's desperate love for wealthy and beautiful Portia leads him to borrow money(Antonio's credit) from Shylock to marry Portia. "Your mind is tossing on the ocean/ There, where your argosies with portly sail,/Like signiors and rich burghers on the flood, ..." (Act1, Scene1, line 8-10)
A simile compares Antonio's large merchant ships to "signiors and rich burghers". Antonio is a merchant of Venice, who has risked the entirety of his fortune on overseas trading ventures, yet his affection for Bassanio leads him to guarantee the potentially lethal loan Bassanio secures from Shylock. Shylock is a Jewish moneylender in Venice, who seeks for his revenge toward Christians. He ruthlessly asks Antonio to repay the loan with a pound of his flesh if he cannot provide the cash. Portia is a beutiful and wealthy woman from Belmont. She is worried because she is bound by a clause in her father's will that forces her to marry whichever suitor that chooses the correct casket among three(gold, silver and lead). "... Her name is Portia; nothing undervalu'd/ To Cato's daughter, Brutus' Portia; ..."(Act1, Scene1, line 165-166)
An allusion is used to signify Portia's value. Cato's daughter, who is also named Portia was married to Brutus, the Roman aristocrat. She had a reputation for beuty and wisdom, just like Portia in "The Merchant of Venice". "The Hebrew will turn Christian: he grows kind." (Act1, Scene3, line 175)
This is a foreshadowing that hints what actially happen later on, because Shylock's daughter, Jessica, changed her religion from Hebrew to Christian. "Therefore, for fear of the worst, I pray thee, set a deep glass of Rhenish wine on the contrary casket, for, if the devil be within and that temptation without, I know he will choose it. I will do anything, Nerissa, ere I will be married to a sponge." (Act1, Scene2, line 91-95)
Portia used a metaphor to compare a sponge to the young German, the Duck of Saxony's nephew, to describe him as a alcoholic person. "... To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine." (Act2, Scene1, line 7)
Prince of Morocco used a symbolism of red is used to describe the courage that he possesses.