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Crime and Punishment IO
Transcript of Crime and Punishment IO
Setting (St. Petersburg 1866)
Crime, Prostitution, and Drunkenness
Politics and Ideology
The Man Called Dostoevsky
Born November 11, 1821
Mikhail and Maria
lived in a mental hospital with family
Tsar Alexander II of Russia
Born on April 29, 1818
Emperor of Russia and King of Poland
Reigned from 1855 to 1881
Most successful reformer since Peter the Great
Best known for his reforms on the Social class and the Judicial system in Russia.
Had several Assassination attempts on his life
Died on March 13, 1881 at age 62
The Story of Mother Russia
Women are inferior
Women are the care takers of the household
Education is open to the young noblewomen, which alienated the vast majority of the Russian female population
Crime, prostitution and bars were popular
Axe murder in Moscow, 1865
Almost 1/4 people went to jail for committing crimes in 1866
Alcohol was a deeply rooted cultural problem
Vodka was Russia's national drink in the 1860's
St. Petersburg was the largest consumer of alcohol in all of Russia
Prostitution was legal (the number of registered prostitutes skyrocket in the 1860's)
Women cannot vote
Could not hold their own passports
Women could hold property
Husbands determined when their wives
studied with tutors, or
Husbands dictated daily activities as well and permission was asked to leave the home if not consequences like beatings would occur
Women were "chaste"... impure... being impure is the equivalence of being worthless
After marriage the men had to be obeyed at all times
If women did not follow the rules they were called “unnatural” and were treated harshly either with violence or a social casting out
Men could stray in marriage without punishment whereas women could not.
Dostoyevsky was arrested in 1849 for being in a socialist group. (Petrashevsky circle)
Group was sentenced to death.
Later changed to exile in Siberia for four years. This was announced at last minute for the group
Required to stay in the military for four more years after release from prison
Marries Maria Isayeva (widow) in 1857
They return to St. Petersburg in 1859
Published House of the Dead in 1861
Based on his experiences in Prison
Dostoevsky and his brother, Mikhail published
Notes from Underground
His wife and his brother died in 1864 and was left with debt
Begins to Gamble
Crime and Punishment
is published in 1866
Marries Anna Snitkin in 1867.
Helped him publish
The Eternal Husband
The Brothers Karamazov
Died February, 9 1881
experienced first seizure at 9 years old
1850-1910 fastest population growth
Air pollution caused disease
Coal production grew 1,200%
Iron and steel production more than doubled
Tsar Alexander's reforms: freed pesants
247 in each house
Big economic gap
father died of either aneurism or murder, unknown
Population and Industrialization
bored by military, wanted to write
started with translations
enrolled in military engeneering school at 16
Emancipation Reform of 1861
First and most important reform of Alexander II's reign.
Proclaimed the emancipation of private and domestic household serfs.
Freed over 23 million people and granted them full rights and proper citizenship
Serfs could marry without consent, own land, and own a business
It also allowed peasants to purchase land from the landlords
Didn't go into affect for state-owned surfs until 1866
Judicial and Other Reforms
The judicial reforms started on 20 November 1864, when the tsar
signed the decree which enforced four Regulations
Establishment of Judicial Settlements
Regulations of Civil Proceedings
Regulations of Criminal Proceedings
Regulations of Punishments Imposed by Justices of the Peace
It reorganized and unified the judicial system and elected local judges.
His other reforms included
Creating a universal military service
Ending certain privileges for nobility and therefore lowering their status and promoting equality
Planned on issuing reforms on parliament before he was Assassinated
Known as the Narodniks Movement
Movement to reject all authorities.
Used violence to achieve change
Term coined by Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi (1743-1819)
"go to the people-be the people."
Agitation towards Tsardom
Movement arose after the emancipation of serfs
End of feudalism
Peasants were stuck in the wage slavery by Kulaks
Lower class was seen as a revolutionary class
Embryo of Socialism
Power to the people
Targeted the poor
Fair distribution of land
Morality of action is determined by its usefulness in achieving the greatest good for the greatest number of people.
Theory proposed by William Godwin(1756-1836)
"The end justifies the means."
Rejects traditional Christian values
Identifying "good" and "evil" in terms of utility to the majority.
Russian writers like Dostoevsky take the ideology to its extreme.