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Luis Gutierrez

on 11 November 2013

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Transcript of Water

Igbó Ènìyàn
Central African Republic
My civilization is in South-Western Central African Republic. A country that is in Central Africa.
Food Production
Water Supply
The land I landed in is in the split between the Congo Rainforest and the African tree savanna
My 20x20 land
Cameroon Sheep
My water comes in from the Congo river system, specifically the Ubangi River.
My water is managed by vast irrigation systems that go 2-3 miles across the land. We split the water in half. Most of the water goes through the city back into the forest and the rest is moved to the Agricultural land where it is transported by many canals to crops fields.
In my civilization water is sacred, so waste is not disposed in water. We also get water from wells getting ground water from the river and recycling the water we used to water the crops.
Water is free to everyone, people are free to travel/walk to the near by wells or get straight from the river and take water. We do try to regulate the amount of water, so everyone is given water equally. And it is also the same with livestock but we only use the river to feed them.
My location has about 21 square miles of livestock land. We also have about 13,440 animals in the area.
640 acres can hold about 100 livestock, my system is free roam so the vast space is needed. We herd the animals, but mainly we let them feed on their own, with the natural grass.
One cow, gives off about 664,500 calories. Cows account for about 2/5 of the livestock.
All together 3,572,352,000 calories
but only half of the cows will be used for meat(Males).
So about 1,786,176,000 calories.
On average a pig weights 104 pounds. And a pig gives about 736 calories. Pigs account for about 1/5 of the livestock population.
Altogether about 1,978,368
On average sheep are about 30 pounds. One pound of sheep gives off about 500 calories. Sheep account for about 1/5 of the livestock population.
Altogether that is about
In chicken there is about 306 calories. Chickens account for about 1/5 of the livestock population.
Altogether that is about 411,264 calories.
Milk will be received from the female cows(breeding cows). One cup of milk has about 103 calories.
Altogether that is about 276,864 calories.
Cows will be milked everyday, if we are able to milk every cow.
Annually one sheep can produce up to 2-30 pounds of wool. It all depends on its breed, genetics, nutrition, and shearing interval. The Cameroon Sheep is a fine hair sheep.
Chicken will lay up about 325 eggs a year. If half the chickens of female than that is at most 436,800 eggs a year. There is 78 calories in one egg. So all together about 34,070,400 calories.
There is about 42 square miles of Agriculture land. About 10 miles of that land is used at one season(that is 6400 acres). We continue to move the crops and plant different plants around different areas in the 42 mile radius. There are 4 different irrigation systems and 2 wells of ground water that supply the acres of crops with water. In one mile there is 640 acres.
Spring Wheat-Planted in April through May.
-Harvested in mid-August and mid-September.
Winter Wheat-Planted in mid-August through October
-Harvested in mid-May through mid-July.
In an acre wheat can produce about 6.4 million calories. And we plant wheat year round. 3 square miles of wheat is always in use. 1 square miles is used to feed livestock. So that would be 8.192 billion calories a season. ( 16.384 billion calories a year)
One plantain has about 220 calories. About 500 plantain trees can be put into an acre. Plantains are grown year round and harvested in summer and winter. There is always one square mile of plantains.
A peanut has about 828 calories. There is about 4,000 peanuts per acre. So about 3,312,000 calories per acre. Planted in May and harvested in September through October. There is one mile of peanuts only when they are in season.
Maize Sesame
One cup of corn has about 606 calories. Per acre corn produces 12.3 million calories. When in season there is about 3 miles of corn in use. 1 mile is used to feed the livestock. Planted: March-July
Harvested: October-November
One cup of sesame has about 825 calories. Planted in summer and harvested in Fall. There is half a mile of sesame when they are in season.
Millet Cassava
There is about 756 calories in a cup of millet. Per acre there is about 3000 pounds of millet. Typically planted in Dry season and grow for a short period of time. During planting season there is about 1.5 miles of millet growing. .5 miles is used to feed livestock.
There is about 328 calories in a cup of cassava. Cassava yields 2.5 tons per acre. They are grown in wet seasons, which is almost year round in CAR.
There is a 1 mile of land used for cassava, when in season.
Of all the 3 square miles of corn, that produces about 23,616,000,000
One cup of sorghum has about 651 calories. Per acre of sorghum there is 4 tons. Sorghum is both planted and harvested in the summer seasons, it like dry temperatures.
My civilization is ruled under a Democratic-Monarchy.
The king and Queen
A king and queen are crowned after the death of the previous rulers, and our society likes to keep royalty in one family but there are occasions when a new royal family is throned. We favor a Queen over a King, but neither is truly in power until they are married, otherwise they are just royal delegates.
The Royal Family
In our society the royal family is seen as the connections between the human world and the spirit world and they have a personal association and relationship with the their respective deities, because of this people look to them with praise and admiration. When a new family is put into power it is typically because there is signs in a shift of spiritual power, and the family that is associated with that spiritual deity will be put into power
For example when the last spiritual shift happened, the moon goddess became most powerful deity and the shaman/doctor family are the moon goddess’s representatives so they were next in line for the throne.
The Consultant of Representatives
Under the King and Queen is the Consultant of representatives from the many rich families, such as the medicine, farmer, miner, cattle, irrigation, artisan, and weapon craftsman families who are in charge of the workers, slaves, storage, and distribution of their respective goods. These families play a small role in the decisions that the royal family will make. Each family is to add either recommendations or their opinions on the subject which is then consider by the King and Queen, but in the end the King and Queen have final say over all matters of discussion.
The Consultant of representatives are the families in charge of the main resources of the civilization and they have a large say on how their goods are handle and distributed between the people and other towns. In order to keep this healthy relationship between the rich families and each other and the peasant people the royal family acts a mediator that will ensure that everyone is sharing their goods and services so that everyone has the opportunity to obtain them. They also decide and protect the international relationships that are town holds with other civilizations. We are a peaceful people who are against war, but make sure to be prepared for it and make sure there is no reason to be in a war. The royal family and consultant will keep in contact with our neighbors and have established a healthy trading system and relationship with them.
Management of water Resources
My people record the phases of the moon. Similar to modern day phases of the moon, but instead we see them as days. Waxing crescent, Full, New, etc. The full moon shows the end of the cycle then starts over, and the new moon shows the middle of the cycle. We also record how many cycles have past since the "start" of time. For example when talking about the date, you could say "it's cycle 250, waxing crescent".(Of course this will be spoken in their native language.
Style of Writing
My people have a pictorial(symbolism) style of writing. Which we typically write on stone tablets or tree bark with color inks we get from plants or carve with iron picks. The writing is a system of standardized pictographs.
We record medical records, discoveries/inventions, religious events, governmental decisions, and spiritual stories.
I am receiving 3,000 dried apples from Kayla for 50 of my sheep.
I will be using the apples to get the seeds and plant a apple orchard to the east, in the forest area. I also want to put some apple trees in the town for decoration and for easy food access. I don't have a real need for sheep and I did need fruit so this was a necessary trade. We are about 725 miles apart and we are meeting each other half way, which is about a 10 day trip.
I am receiving 2 lbs of lemon seeds from Efrain for 4 lbs of Njangsa seeds(medicinal plant). I will also me creating a lemon orchard in the same area as my apples, and I also want to put them into the town for decoration and easy food access. I needed fruit and mostly citrus and I have a big surplus of Njangsa. We are 1,000 or so miles apart, but we have a trade route going on that I will travel to Kayla and she will be receiving from Efrain, etc. So I will be traveling about 700 miles. Which is about a 10 day trip.
I will be receiving 700 lbs Potatoes and 3 lbs of a medicinal cactus from Alexus and I will be giving her 300 lbs of salt and 3 lbs of Njangsa seeds. We are 3,500 miles apart, but we will be meeting half way which will be 1750 miles. I am trading because Alexus needed some medical resources that I have a surplus of.
Herbs and Remedies
Our main land resources are the natural plants that grow around the area mainly in the Congo Rainforest. Many are very poisonous, but others can be used for a wide variety of medicine. Acacia, Lophira alata, Ricinodendron heudelotii, African tulip tree, Afzelia africana, Vitellaria paradoxa, Combretum are just a few of the natural plants growing in the area. My people will harvest these plants, we do not grow them like we do with agriculture. Only when they are in season and bountiful do we beleive the gods will be willing to provide "healing plants".
Poisonous Plants
Like I said the area is full of medical and poisonous plants. We put those poisons to use. We will coat our weapons with poisons some we use to stun/paralyze animals for herding or hunting. The Burkea africana and African Tulip tree are examples of poisonous plants in the area. We only harvest these types of plants, we do not grow them. Only when they are in season can we take/extract them for their poison.
Everyone under 13 is impure. On their 13th birthday there is a ceremony where we bring them to the lake and sing a song and they are baptized and blessed by the moon goddess. From there on they are able to work. They are put under supervision of an adult under their category where they are then taught skills and things they need to know for further use. This ceremony, called a biriye, "cleanses" the child and ushers him into adulthood.
During festivals the women wear feather dresses and wear precious gems. While the men wear silks and robes, and we all dance in front of the fire.
Music plays a unique role, sometimes it is used for certain types of communication. The music does not necessarily have a melody, but rather a rhythmic sound with much drumming and whistling.
The Moon Festival
On full moons, the tribe all gathers around a water source mainly a river and make flower arrangements as gifts for the moon goddess and send them down the lake or river then the tribe has a big party which is called the önwa owambe. This could also be seen as a "New Year's" celebration seeing as how the full moon shows the ending of the cycle.

Marriage is an all day ceremony that starts at sunrise and ends at sunset. The rising sun represents the start of a life together, while the sunset represents the end of a life together. And the actual ceremony of "bonding" takes place when the full moon reaches its peak. Marriage is a sacred bond and divorces do occur, but many people shun those that do, for besmirching the ceremony. Water lilies are the symbol for marriage. They are decorated all over the village. You are eligible to be married at the age of 15.

In my area there is no fruits, which is what I need the most, mainly citrus. I am trading for fruits so I can plant my own orchard so that I wont have to keep trading for them. So I will learn to take care of fruit bearing plants from those I trade with.
I have and know many home remedies for common illnesses like cold, stomach problems(diarrhea, clogged colon), headache, etc. So I give some medical items and knowledge with others for resources.
Non-Native Animals
Native Animals
Non-Native Plants
Native Plants
My non-native animals consist of my Livestock animals like cows, pigs, sheep, etc. Which we maintain in a 21 square mile radius, where we practice the free roam method. The animals take care of themselves, all we do is provide water by creating smalls watering holes, and we make sure that they stay in the 21 square mile radius and no animals come in. We also have a breeding program with every single species pf livestock, we mainly use the males for meats, and the females for breeding, when they reach a curtain age then we will use them for meat. We also make sure there are males around for the females to breed.
We hunt and use native animals for food and skins. We don't like to do it frequently and when we do we usually go for the old or weak. Only when and if the livestock do not yield enough meat, do we hunt for food. We also wait a few seasons to let the population repopulate.
Non-Native plants are kept in a 42 square mile radius. And we use at least 10 miles or land during one season. We also like to rotate the crops from one place to the other to use the entire area. We also have an entire system of 4 irrigation canals that get water from both the river and ground-water. From trade crops I receive, I will also be learning techniques to grow them and I will keep them separate to my Agricultural land.
We harvest native plants in the area for medicine, poisons, crafting, and ritual purposes. We have to wait until that certain plant is in season, because we are not allowed to grow them like we do with wheat, plantains, etc. We are only allowed to take them when they are in season.
The Spirits of Nature
My people believe in the spirits of nature(moon goddess, sun god, wind god, forest goddess, etc). We have different rituals and practices for each one. The main two are the sun and the moon. Because we believe in these beings we are very careful about our influence to the environment. Before we do anything that would damage the natural ecosystem, we will usual pray and ask the spirits for answers and in some causes forgiveness.
Moon Goddess
The moon goddess is one of the main two spirits of worship. She represents water, health, marriage, and birth. We have a moon temple on a small river "island" in front of the castle. She is at her strongest when the moon is full and that is when we will celebrate her power by presenting gifts. The royal family are seen as close "relatives" of the moon goddess and are the only ones who can communicate with her directly.
Sun God
The sun god is one of the two main spirits of worship. He represents war, power, destruction, fire, and light. The sun temple is found in the poor district, we have it their so he can watch over the poor and give them hope. He is at his strongest in the summer months and we will sacrifice roosters to him in a fire pit, to please him.
Like I said it is forbidden to tamper with the natural world. We think that if we disrupt it, nature will punish us by taking away our water, killing our crops, causing an incurable disease, etc. So we do what we can to give back to the world and not take to much.
The Arts
The arts usually drawings done on dead tree bark that we will smooth en and dry to make sculptures, with flower inks and paint. We typically like cool colors like purples and blues, while warm colors are only used to depict wars, blood, and anger. We like to draw pictures of nature and what we think the spirits would look like
We use dead trees to make baskets and other items, by weaving the bark into designs and shapes.
We use iron to make iron pots and pans for cooking and baking. We also like to use it for making weapons like iron daggers and spears.
We don't really have anything that we use from the air, besides oxygen of course. We also don't have much of any pollutants. We also don't have anything in the area that damages air quality.
My population grows at a 1% rate each year. We are able to maintain this population for many year because we have so much extra agriculure land and livestock land that we don't currently use. But at some point it can pose a problem. My people cant mess with the natural world because it goes against our "connection" to the spirits. So we will have to find a way around that rule if we are to expand further.
All means of work are supervised by the rich families of the civilization such as the medicine, farmer, miner, cattle, irrigation, artisan, and weapon craftsman families who are in charge of the workers, slaves, storage, and distribution of their respective goods. This way the King and Queen don't have to keep an eye on everything all the time. The consultant of representatives do that for them.
People from all over town come to the royal family to solve political and personal issues they may have. The royal family decides what should be given where, how trades should be dealt with, and they impose a small tax on the people.
Even if you are from a rich family does not guarantee your wealth, my people respect hard work and earning your place in society. Education is the only way to ensure that you can have a chance at getting a high pay job. The Consultant has provided a public education service to people of all ages.

Ethical dilemma
There is also huge debate going around that the agriculture industry will not be able to provide for the ever growing population that keeps expanding each year, seeing as how our religion and worship to the gods of nature prohibits the tampering of nature we cannot add more agricultural land because that would require to cut down forest land. People are suggesting we cut down more forest even though its an act against the gods, but others want us to wait for the gods to give us an answer or solution. This is a big ethical dilemma that has been tossed around for awhile. The royal family and Consultant is currently deciding on a plan of action before its starts to affect the people and food availability.

All clothing is made of either wool or animals skins. We typically use animal skins for ritual and celebratory purposes while wool is everyday wear.
High class to middle class housing is made from limestone bricks and limestone roofing. Some high class housing is also made from copper and iron. While low to slave housing is made from mud and stray. Low class get the privilege of clay housing as well.
Waste is taken to landfills that we wait and decompose with other decomposable items to make fertilizer. Everyone is required to dispose of their own waste, some hire slaves for waste disposal.
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