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Shanyn Simmerman

on 11 October 2015

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Transcript of Germany

I have put this prezi presentation together to inform you of Germany, and everything about it. :)
-Germany is ranked 18th in world population, with a population of 80,996,685 people.
Germany has various different religions, and some that aren't religious. The three major religions are Christianity, Hinduism, and Islamic.
Germany is gegraphically located in central Europe, and is bordered by nine other countries.

German flag
The nine countries bordering Germany are;
-Czech Republic
-German ethnic groups include German-91.5%, Turkish-2.4%, and a mixture of others including Greek, Italian, Spanish, Serbo-Croatian, Russian, and Polish.

-In Germany, there are 587 people per square mile.
There are 137,903 square miles in Germany.
Ethnic groups in Germany
-Other Religions-12.48%
-When you're in a group, you shake women's hands before men's.
-Talking with your hands in your pockets is a sign of disrespect.
-There is almost no such thing as waiting in line in Germany. All there is, is politely standing your ground, and waiting for an opportunity to do what you are waiting to do.
-When you're visiting a German for dinner, it is customary to bring flowers with you. However, unless you're trying to get a date, don't bring red roses, they're taken as a sign for romance. Often, mixed bouquets are better for this occasion.
-Oktoberfest is a festival in Germany, in which people wear traditional Bavarian/German dress, drink, and party.
-Kindergarten- Children ages three through six may attend, but it isn't mandatory. After kindergarten, school is mandatory for 9 - 10 years.

-Grundschule- Children in grades 1-4 attend, and the same subjects are taught to all students.
-After fourth grade, children are separated according to their academic ability and their parents' wishes, and attend one of three different school options. Hauptschule, Realschule, or Gymnasium.
The Hauptschule (grades 5-9) teaches the same subjects as the Realschule, but at a slower pace and with some **vocational-oriented courses. It leads to part-time enrollment in a vocational school combined with apprenticeship training until the age of 18.
**vocational- of or relating to an occupation or employment
The Realschule (grades 5-10 in most states) leads to part-time vocational schools and higher vocational schools. It is now possible for students with high academic achievement at the Realschule to switch to a Gymnasium on graduation.
The Gymnasium leads to a diploma called the Abitur and prepares students for university study or for a dual academic and vocational credential. Curricula differ from school to school, but generally include German, mathematics, computer science, physics, chemistry, biology, geography, art (as well as crafts and design), music, history, philosophy, civics, social studies, and several foreign languages. In recent years many States have changed the curriculum so students can get the "Abi" at the end of the 12th grade. Other States are making the transition but may still require a 13th grade
-After Hauptschule and Realschule, lies the Berufsschule, combining part-time academic study and apprenticeship. The successful completion of an apprenticeship program leads to certification in a particular trade/field of work.

As I'm sure you can probably tell, Germany has a wide variety of houses, some big. some, small.... very small.
-Germany is known for it's architecture and visual arts.
Some well known architecture-
Some well know visual art-
-Germany is a republic with a **parliamentary democracy and a **bicameral system of government. The Federal Government consists of the Chancellor and his or her ministers who are drawn from the members of the **Bundestag.
-relating to, enacted by, or suitable for a parliament. ( aprliament is (in the UK) the highest legislature, consisting of the sovereign, the House of Lords, and the House of Commons.)
- having two branches or chambers
-"Federal Diet") is a constitutional and legislative body at the federal level in Germany.
-Germany has been a stable democracy for over 60 years now, and this democratic culture is endorsed and embodied by the country's citizens. The constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany is known as the Basic Law.
-Elections to the Bundestag are held once every four years.
German Seal
Germany is the third largest exporter and importer in the world, accounting for more than half of the European Union's international trade. Since January 1, 1995,Germany has been a part of the World Trade Organization, existing both as an individual nation and as part of the EU (known officially as the European Communities in the **WTO until 30 November 2009).
**WTO-World Trade Organization
-German currency has solely been something called a Euro since 2002.
-One Euro is equivalent to $1.14 in American(US) money.
-Euro bills range from 5 Euro, to 500 Euro. Euro coins range from 1 Euro cent, to 2 Euros.
German is a West Germanic language that derives most of it's vocabulary from a branch of the Indo-European language family.Several German words are derived from Latin and Greek, and fewer are borrowed from French and English.Languages which are most similar to German include Afrikaans, Dutch, English, the Frisian languages, the continental Scandinavian languages and Luxembourgish.

Major Cities
-The capital of Germany is Berlin.

-The top 5 biggest cities in Germany are;
1) Berlin - 3,426,354 people
2)Hamburg - 1,739,117 people
3)Munich, Bavaria - 1,260,391 people
4)Cologne , North Rhine-Westphalia - 963,395 people
5)Frankfurt am Main - 650,000 people
-Jugendweihe (Youth consecration) or Jugendfeier (Youth ceremony) is a **secular coming of age ceremony practiced by German 14-year-olds. It originated among the secular societies in the 19th century as an alternative to Confirmation by the Roman Catholic and Protestant churches. It was especially widespread in East Germany, where state atheism was encouraged under the **GDR.
-denoting attitudes, activities, or other things that have no religious or spiritual basis.
- German Democratic Republic
-Federal elections take place every four years, the next one to occur will be on August 27, 2017
Celebrations and Holidays
January 1 | New Year’s Day (Neujahr) – New Year’s Eve (Silvester) is observed with fireworks! More…
◾January 6 | Epiphany (Heilige Drei Könige, Three Kings) – The arrival of the Three Wise Men is the last of the 12 days of Christmas. January 6 is a legal holiday in Austria and parts of Germany and Switzerland.

February/March | Mardi Gras (Fasching/Karneval) – In Catholic regions in February or March, depending on the date of Easter.
◾March/April | Easter (Ostern) falls in the month of March or April.
◾May 1* | May Day (der erste Mai – Tag der Arbeit) – Known in most parts of the world as Labor Day (Tag der Arbeit).
◾August 1* | Swiss National Day (Bundesfeier) – Celebrated with fireworks
◾September | Oktoberfest (Oktoberfest) – In Munich. Two-week celebration beginning in late September and ending on the first Sunday in October. More…
◾October 3* | German Unity Day (Tag der Deutschen Einheit) – Germany’s national holiday commemorates the official date of German reunification, as specified in the 1990 Unification Treaty (Einigungsvertrag).
◾October 26* | National Day (Nationalfeiertag, Austria) – Since 1965. The day was earlier known as Tag der Fahne (Flag Day, 1955-1964).
◾November | National Day of Mourning (Volkstrauertag) – In November on the Sunday two weeks prior to the first Advent Sunday. In memory of Nazi victims and the dead in both world wars. Similar to Veteran’s Day or Memorial Day in the US.
◾December 6 | St. Nicholas Day – Nikolaustag is when children get small gifts from Saint Nicholas (not Santa!).
◾December 24 | Christmas Eve (Heiligabend) is when families gather around the Christmas tree and exchange gifts in Germany and most of Europe.
◾December 25* | Christmas Day (Weihnachtstag) – December 26 is also an official holiday in German-speaking Europe.

Bratwurst with Saurkraut with Lemon
Thuringian kartoffelklösse dumplings
Some of the native animals in Germany are the red squirrel, weasels, badgers, beavers, white fish, salmon, carp, perch, eel, lamprey, wild grey geese, mallard ducks, grebes, roe deer, pheasant, chamois, ibex, wild boars, hare, wolves, foxes, brown bears, lynx, and elk.
Germany has produced several major industries, including-
-Mercedes(AMG & Benz)
-Hugo Boss
-Volkswagen group (Audi, Porsche,Volkswagen, VW trucks and buses)
The most common diseases in Germany are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B, Measles, and Rabies.
German climate is mostly moderate, and has no longer periods of hotter or colder weather.
The average year round temperature in Germany is around 52°F.
Interesting Facts
-Berlin is 9 times bigger than Paris and has more bridges than Venice.

-In Germany, there's no punishment
for a prisoner who tries to escape from jail because it is a basic
human instinct to be free.
-From 1989 to 2009, about 2,000 schools were closed in Germany because of a scarcity of children.
-60% of YouTube's 1,000 most popular videos are blocked in Germany
-When Germany won the 2014 World Cup in Brazil, it was the first time as a united country. The three previous times, the soccer World Cup was won by West Germany.
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