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Micro Elements of Film Studies

Term One

Jennifer Walsh

on 23 September 2012

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Transcript of Micro Elements of Film Studies

Year 12 Micro Elements Of Film Studies photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr Camera Angles Lesson Two Starter: Watching the clip, how is the camera used to tell the story? Close Up When we are close up to a subject; the head and shoulders of a person to show that their facial expressions are important. If used the director wants to focus our attention on one particular thing. This is often a characters facial expression. Close-ups emphasise a characters emotions as we generally read someone’s feelings by looking into their eyes, or looking for reactions from their mouth movements. A close up will ensure our attention is drawn just to one character’s face so we will know if they are angry, frightened or even about to scream.
A close up may draw our attention to someone’s reaction to something that is happening; and this could be a significant clue to a development in the plot. Extreme Close Up When we are closer to a subject and isolate an area. This shot focuses the audience’s attention on even smaller details and these shots are often used more for artistic effect than due to generic conventions, though sue to the tight framing of the shot, extreme close ups give audiences a sense of discomfort so can be used to really get the audience close up to the action and see things from the character’s perspective. Mid Shot When we see the character from the waist up with a partial view of the setting in the background. Allows us to see a person from the waist up and often this shot with be used so we can focus on the dialogue between two characters. A mid-shot allows us to gain some information about the setting as well, but not so much that it distracts us from listening to the conversations or considering what action is taking place. Long Shot When the camera is a distance away from the subject so all of it is visible and maybe more of the setting and other people. This shows us the whole of a character, thus drawing our attention to a person’s costume and body language. A long shot may be needed to offer perspective. These often give us more background to look at, so setting becomes important to a scene as well as action. Sometimes this is because the setting is important to that character. A long shot combined with a wide angle to create a dramatic image of a setting. It can also be known as an Establishing Shot. Point of View Shot When we (the viewer) see exactly what the character is seeing When the camera looks away from the main character and is taking in what they see then it means that what is about to happen is more significant than what they are doing. Low Angle Shot When the camera is placed below a subject looking up, it looks larger and more powerful If the camera is at a low angle, the character looks bigger, makes them look more important. High Angle When a camera looks down on a person or object, it can look vulnerable. If as a member of the audience, you are placed higher up than a character; one of the simplest interpretations is that the director wanted them to look more vulnerable. We are placed in a stronger position than them. Tell a Story in 7 scenes:
Somebody giving bad news to another person
A discussion where one person is more controlling than another Camera Movement Lesson 3 What do you think? Lesson Objectives: Identify the types of movement in Film Tracking Tilt Zoom-In Zoom-Out Wipe Pan Wipe Pan Dolly Crane Issues Zoom: has been often used as a substitute for moving the camera forward and backward. However, although the zoom shot presents a mobile framing, it is not a genuine movement of the camera. The camera remains stationary and the lens simple increases or decreases focal length and therefore can be seen as a focus/framing aspect of cinematography. Examples Pan Crane Shot Authorship and Camera Work Handheld Framing and Depth of Field Lesson Four Lesson Objective: Develop an appreciation of the role Framing has on the meaning of a film Depth of Field What is the distance between the farthest and the nearest point of the camera that you can see in sharp detail in this clip? Speed of Film Stock Aperture Focal Length Superimposition Special Effects Matte Shots Editing Lesson Four Lesson Objective: Develop my Media Vocabulary and Identify the key uses of Editing for pace and purpose. Why? Lesson Five Sound Lesson Objective: Identify the affect the introduction of Sound had on Cinema.
Evaluate the ways sound can be analysed to give film meaning. Pick a Colour Lesson Seven Mise En Scene Lighting Costume Setting Performance Diegesis
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