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Film Camp: Camera Basics Tutorial

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by

Quan Nguyen

on 27 July 2014

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Transcript of Film Camp: Camera Basics Tutorial

Day 1: Camera Basics
Agenda
Types of Cameras
Camera Parts
Important Features
Types of Angles and Shots
Good and Bad Shots
Q + A
Introduce Scavenger Hunt
DSLR
2) Canon
FILM CAMP
Main Parts of DSLR
1) Camera Body
2) Lens
3) Focus Ring/Auto-Focus
4) Zoom Ring
5) Shutter Button
6) Mode/Command Dial
7) View Finder
8) Monitor (LCD Screen)
9) OK Button
3) Nikon
What is it?
Digital Single Lens Reflex
camera. Lens capture exactly what the human eye sees. Variety of built in
camera settings
and
swappable lens
. Some DSLRs also include
video capabilities
.
Model: Canon 700D
Model: Nikon D5100
DSLR Sample Video
Types of Cameras
Camera Parts
Important Features
Types of Angles and Shots
Good and Bad Shots
Q + A
Introduce Scavenger Hunt
Agenda
Let's find them all!
Agenda
Types of Cameras
Camera Parts
Important Features
Types of Angles and Shots
Good and Bad Shots
Q + A
Introduce Scavenger Hunt
10) Delete Button
11) Playback Button
12) Menu
13) Multi Selector
14) Movie Recording Button
Important Features
ISO

Aperture
Shutter
Speed
Controls how long the camera lets in light,
thereby
freezing or exaggerating
the
appearance of
motion
.
Controls
area
over which light can enter the camera. Affects the
depth of field.
Determines how
sensitive
the camera is to incoming light. High ISO speed =
high image noise (graininess).
Agenda
Types of Cameras
Camera Parts
Important Features
Types of Angles and Shots
Good and Bad Shots
Q + A
Introduce Scavenger Hunt
Types of Angles
High Angle
Low Angle

Dutch Angle
Looks
down on a subject
. Makes them look
vulnerable or small.
Looks
up on a character
. Makes the character look
more powerful.
Eye-level Angle
Most commonly used angle in film.
Puts audience on equal footing with character
, helps them feel
comfortable.
Tilted or slanted angle
used to show
confusion or uneasiness in character.
Makes viewer feel
off balance and disoriented
.
Agenda
Types of Cameras
Camera Parts
Important Features
Types of Angles and Shots
Good and Bad Shots
Q + A
Introduce Scavenger Hunt
Learn the 6 types!
1) Extreme Long/Establishing Shot
Contains
large amount of landscape
.
Sets the scene
.
Types of Shots
2) Long Shot
Contains landscape
but gives viewers
more specific idea of setting.
The Hunger Games
New York City
3) Full Shot
Shows
complete view of characters.
Viewers can see
costumes and relationship
between characters.
The Avengers
4) Mid Shot
Contains the character or a character
from the waist up.
Viewers can see the
characters' faces more clearly and their interactions
with others.
Titanic
5) Close-up
Focuses on
one character's face
. Allows the viewer to
see the actor's emotions
and helps them
empathize
with the character.
Indiana Jones
6) Extreme Close-up
Focuses on
one part of character's face or other object.
Common in
horror films
. Creates a sense of
mood
.
What makes a shot good?
The Rule of Thirds
Stability
Every image needs a good structure or else it is flat, boring, unattractive, and uninspiring. Compose your shots by following the rule of thirds to make your images pop!
Variety
Props
The Incredibles
Mix up your shots and angles
to make your video more
interesting and impactful!
Q + A
Video Scavenger Hunt
Avoid shakiness
by using a
tripod!
Don't
pan and zoom
too much!
Consider
adding props
to make your film more
interesting
.
Remove
unwanted props
that may be
distractions.
1) Get into your groups!
2) Take one or two DSLR!
3) Get the Scavenger List!
4) 30 minutes to film!
Song: Gangnam Style!
5) Use the techniques you learned!
6) Return and get ready to Edit!
30-second Video
Harlem Shake
Extra Gum
How do these pictures make you feel?
1
2
3
4
Now try taking a picture using the Rule of Thirds!
Pan Asian Dance Troupe
Stability rigs
are also great!
Review
What should you take away?
Great video making means understanding your
film angles
and
shots. Use a variety of shots/angles!
Stability
is key!
Good
lighting
sets the mood!
Video making is a
creative
process! Add
props!
This is only
the beginning
to learning more about film making!
Practice, experiment, and have fun!
Lighting
Good use of lighting helps create the
mood
of the film. A
brightly lit area
has a
different feeling

than a
shadowy area.
Use that to your advantage when trying to capture the feeling you want your viewers to experience.
Rules of Thumbs
1) All three exposure types work together to make a great picture! Changing one means you have to compensate for the others.
3)Always adjust the
aperture
and then
shutter speed
4) Keep on
lowest ISO;
above 1000 is grainy
5) Film
five seconds BEFORE
a shot and
five seconds AFTER
a shot
The Six Types of Shots
Tight
Mid
Wide
Wide Shot
Extreme Long Shot
Full Shot
Mid Shot
Close-up Shot
Extreme Close-up Shot
High Aperture = more blurriness
Low Aperture = less blurriness
VS
1) Change
your mode dial to
Aperture Priority (AV or A)
-->
Shoot a picture
in a low F-stop (ex: 2-6) and then high F-stop (ex: 10-22)
2) Can you spot the difference?
Let's test out
Aperture!

Slow versus Fast Shutter Speed
How are the images different?
Let's test out Shutter Speed!

1) Switch to
Program mode (P)
and shoot a picture at 1/8 versus 1/50.
2) Then shoot a friend in action at 1/8 versus 1/200.
High versus Low ISO
What does the image look like as the ISO increases?
Let's test ISO!
1) Change to Program Mode (P) and
change ISO
to
100
and take a photo.
2) Do the same for
800
, then
3200
, and then
6400
.
Full transcript