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Transcript of Palm oil
Food vs Forest
By Ben Ross and Charles Swain
We are going to inform you about
the resource: Rainforest and the product: Palm Oil. There has been a lot of debate around developers destroying rainforests in order to grow palm oil from palm oil plantations.
We will also talk about the impact of this on the
environment, the benefits of palm oil to the population, and ways that both preservation of rainforests and feeding the population with palm oil can be achieved
1. Background information
2. Our use for palm oil
3. Benefits of palm oil
4. Problems with unsustainable palm oil
5. Issues caused because of the competition
6. Resolution of the issues
Top 5 Importers of Palm Oil
Top 10 Producers
of Palm oil
Top 3 uses of
Where palm oil is found:
Process of turning palm fruit into palm oil
Why do we use Palm Oil?
It has cholesterol lowering HDL. HDL stands for high-density lipoprotein.
It is good cholesterol. Palm oil is also free of trans fats which can cause heart disease. It is high in tocotreinols which lowers the risk of artery blockage, strokes and heart disease. Crude palm oil is high in beta-carotene which helps with your vision. It is also full of natural antioxidants which are good for you by reducing free radicals in your blood. Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules in the bloodstream.
It is a good use of the resource because it produces lots of oil per hectare. Palm oil is an outlier from the top producing vegetable oil crops because of its high output. It produces 3.74 tons per hectare per year (compared to soya, sunflower and canola which all produce less than 1 ton per hectare per year).
The farmers that farm palm oil, used to farm rubber for which demand has reduced. Now, they are farming palm oil which produces much more money per hectare for the farmer. This higher income improves the standard of living for the farmers and their families in developing third world countries.
How can we solve problems caused by unsustainable palm oil?
Issues the competition for this product cause
Because palm oil is a relatively cheap and functional oil, it is in high demand. Since it is in high demand, the price goes up so more plantations will be planted, which could destroy more rainforest.
Resolution of these
The RSPO (Round table on Sustainable Palm Oil) certifies palm oil. 18% of palm oil is RSPO certified. The RSPO is a certification that palm oil companies and farms can get as proof their palm is oil grown sustainably. The palm oil plantations must meet certain criteria to get a certification. Some of the criteria are: using land that was rainforest is not permitted; Burning of peat moss land is not permitted; buying land or palm fruit from farmers who have destroyed rainforest is not permitted.
The palm oil developers could
reuse land that has already
been used for something
Palm oil industry could
be developed in new regions close
to the equator such as: Central America and Central Africa the currently don't have rainforest
Alternatives to Palm oil
Some alternatives to palm oil are other saturated fats such as: Tallow (animal fat) or coconut oil. Another alternative is hydrogenated oils such as: hydrogenated soya oil. These are alternatives because they are saturated fats like palm oil. So they are good at frying because they are stable and don’t oxidize easily.
Problems With These Alternatives
Other saturated fats like tallow and coconut oil are a bigger drain on natural resources than palm oil
Unfortunately, other alternatives such as hydrogenated oils are very unhealthy
There is a lot of media attention about the palm oil industry destroying rainforest it is true that a lot of damage has been done. What we have shown here is that palm oil itself is a very efficient crop for feeding the world. With responsible behaviors by the palm oil producers and going by the RSPO rules, the rainforests and palm oil production can exist together. As concerned members of the public, we should try to only buy or eat palm oil that has been grown sustainably and has the certification to prove it..
Sustainable palm oil is an approach to oil palm agriculture that aims to produce palm oil without causing deforestation or harming people.
It is produced by certain independent and small plantations that have been found to comply with the global environmental standards.
We can help resolve problems caused by unsustainable Palm Oil by supporting organisations such as Green Peace and the World Wildlife Fund to educate people around the world about the impact the destruction of the rainforest has on the local people and endangered species that live there.
We ourselves can help by reducing our use of palm oil and encouraging our family and friends to do the same and by using the Auckland Zoo’s palm oil-free shopping guide containing hundreds of supermarket products, to help us shop and by ensuring that any timber, wood furniture and paper products you buy has the Forest Stewardship Council stamp of approval.
Why do we use Palm Oil?
We use Palm Oil because it is the most widely used vegetable oil in the world and because of that around 50% of all of the goods we use today contain palm oil such as:
4. Lip stick
Most companies disguise palm oil and palm fat as being vegetable oil and vegetable fat therefore we may not know that we are consuming it.
Palm Oil is also cheap so it can be used in lots of foods in large quantities for a small cost to the manufacturer,
Palm Oil is very versatile and grows almost anywhere in the world from the Pacific to Africa and to South America and South East Asia.
It is a major part of the economy in the regions where it is grown and provides the communities with a good source of income and helps lift many people out of poverty and gives them a future.