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Reform in America - 1830s and 1840s
Transcript of Reform in America - 1830s and 1840s
Cult of Domestisity.
World Anti-Slavery Convention (1840) The people most strong in religion were women and blacks.
This was a way of having the "minority" voices heard. Sarah and Angelina Grimké - Women had spun and sewn most of their families clothing and was produced at home.
- The beginning of factories began splitting up families because the production moved from the home to factories, but created new communities. An appeal to Christian Women 1836
by Angelina Grimké New Religious Movements The Main People are: *Charles G. Finney *Joseph Smith *William Miller What did some of the
workplaces look like? Second Great Awakening *a return to traditional
religion Horace Mann is credited with starting the education reform - Instead of women spinning cotton into thread,
people finished their work in a cottage industry.
-A cottage industry is where manufacturers provided
goods that can be produced at home. *religious revivalism http://www.teachushistory.org/second-great-awakening-age-reform/articles/historical-background-antislavery-womens-rights-1830-1845 Mann established the first teacher training school in 1839 Religions *Mormon Church Temperance Movement 1852
Mary c Vaughan ~Founded by Joseph Smith n 1837 Mann was elected the first Secretary of Education in Massachussetts Artisans Types
of Lyman Beecher Master:
artisan There was no organized public school system, most schooling took place in private schools or at home. Journeyman: Skilled worker
by a master Emma Willard,1821
The first public schools were called Common Schools they were the first free, universal, and non sectarian ~founded in 1830 Apprentice:
Each district had to have a school and library that was funded by taxes and small parent fees
learning a craft Seneca Falls *Methodists and Baptists ~hellfire-and-damnation beliefs Artisans ~certain appeal Stanton
Mott M's&D's - Skilled artisans produced items that a family could not make for itself.
- For example, furniture and tools *Unitarians ~loving God ~free will ~denial of original sin *Revivalist Camps ~roving preachers Sojourner Truth
http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/trut-soj.htm ~most notably C.G. Finney When 1800 to Teaching was a male profession until the 1840s when women teachers where widley accepted 1850 Where *everywhere in the
U.S.A. Abolition Women were paid about 1/3 the pay of their male counterparts Most teachers where only as educated as the level they taught Gabriel's Rebellion Slave insurection in Richmont, Virginia 1800 1803 SC reopens slave trade 1804 NJ adopts British Parliament and U.S. 1807 American Colonization Society founded to resettle free slaves in 1816 1820 U.S. Congress define slave trade as piracy. Emancipation Act Congress vote to end African slave trade Africa. Movement Missouri Compromise prohibits slavery in Northern half of 1820 Lousiana Purchase Gradual December, 1833 Formation of the Anti-Slavery Society. Pennsylvannia, Massachusettes, Vermont were the first states to have public schools He was born May 4, 1796 in Franklin, MA to a poor farming family He qualified to attend the Brown University sophmore class and was accepted to the Bar in 1823 Prison and Asylum reforms He worked to let everyone from any background have a equal education Dorothea Dix visited the Massachusetts house of correction, and saw the terrible conditions in which mentaly ill people were kept. She felt the need to do something about this horriable situation, so she went around to other prisons to gather evidence to support new hospitals that would house these mentaly ill people.
She took the gathered evidence and sent it into the Massachusetts legislature, who favored in her side and passed laws improving these terriable conditions She then conviced 9 southern states to create public hospitals for mentaly ill people between 1845-1852. Prison reformers of this time emphasized the thought of rehabilitation. 1828 NY outlaws slavery. 1831 Nat Turner's Rebellion. 1833 Anti-Slavery Society is formed 1861 Civil War begins. 1863 Lincoln's Emancipation Proclomation. 1865 13th Amendment is added to Constitution.
Abolished slavery. They believed strongly that if they prisoners and meantaly ill people were sent threw rehabilitatation that they could become useful members of society
Reformers wanted prisons to have librarys to help prisoners with their literacy and also for prisons to cutt down on physical abuse such as wipping and beating Reformers also pushed for sepration of men, wemon, childeren, and the mentaly ill