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International Women's Day 2013
Transcript of International Women's Day 2013
Get involved :-)
It isn't easy to change tradition overnight. However, some examples of successes include...
Almost universal ratification of the Women’s Rights Treaty, the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW)
Revolution by and for the people during the 'Arab spring'
Women and girls get a strong voice at the UN through creation of the UN General assembly of Women.
Maternal deaths drop by 34%...WORLDWIDE
You would think that as time moves on there would be more equality between men and women. Unfortunately that still is not the case...
Haven't yet achieved equality in pay. In the UK there is a shocking 15% gap which hurts women, society and the economy.
"When basic healthcare infrastructure is lacking, women suffer the most. Pregnancy related causes remain a leading cause of suffering for women worldwide.
Many governments have still not ratified the UN Women's Convention to protect women from discrimination and violence- the USA for example has still not ratified this.
The top 3 countries for women to live in:
The 3 most challenging countries for women to live in:
is the amount that women perform
of the world's work
but only receive this amount of the worlds income.
elected female heads of state in 1960
elected female heads of state in 2011
The Feminization of poverty
Women bear a disproportionate burden of the world's poverty and the term represents a phenomenon in which women represent disproportionate percentages of the world’s poor. Most estimates state that 2 out of 3 in poverty are women and due to the side-effects of recent global economic problems. This statistic shows no signs of improvement. Women are more likely to be poor because of the systematic discrimination they often face in education, healthcare, employment and the control of assets.
Poverty has direct and widespread impacts on wider society. Women often are primary carers for children and thus discriminatory laws and policies perpetuate poverty and impact children too.
To read more about this click here: http://www.ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCOnePager58.pdf
Violence against women is still a major human rights. Between 10% and 69% of women surveyed in countries where studies have been conducted report they have been victims of violence.
In some patriarchal societies religion and tradition are still used as a barrier to equal rights. In the UAE for example, spousal rape is not recognised as a crime and the current sharia law discriminates heavily against women.
In 1911 more than one million women and men attended IWD rallies campaigning for women's rights to work, vote, be trained, to hold public office and end discrimination. However less than a week later on 25 March, the tragic 'Triangle Fire' in New York City took the lives of more than 140 working women, most of them Italian and Jewish immigrants. This disastrous event drew significant attention to working conditions and labour legislation in the United States that became a focus of subsequent International Women's Day events.
In the 1850s over half of the UKs working women were domestic servants...
Now there are
men in those
Campaigning to instigate change
Globally, various women's rights movements and the general struggle to
attain equality has come a very long way. However, change isn't simple and
women are still fighting for basic rights. They still face discrimination and
violence at the hands of the state, the community, and the family.
To generate social dialogue on the ban against women driving in Saudi Arabia, Areej Khan, a Saudi artist and graphic designer living in the US, created this innovative sticker campaign.The project received news media attention in Saudi Arabia and in the US and created plenty of discussion online. The campaign revolves around a set of stickers, in the form of speech bubbles and bumper stickers, which Saudi men and women are encouraged to , fill in with their thoughts and display in public space, including, often on cars. To cultivate the online element of the campaign, supporters were encouraged to photograph what they write on their stickers and upload them to the project's Flickr set of download from Flickr“Declarations”, on the Facebook page or submit them anonymously.
Sexist comments made by a Toronto policeman in April 2011 resulted in a wave of protests controversially terms 'slut walks' across North America, Britain and over the world. There have been a number of responses, not all positive but all affirming the positive impact of womens marches and the right to protest and free speech. Some feminists claim that the wave of protests resulted in the reclamation of the word 'slut' (commonly a derogatory term), many say they took to the streets to condemn the actions of violent men and those who seek to make excuses for them thus perpetuating archaic attitudes toward women in relation to violence.
A little history...
You may not know... But International Women's Day (IWD) was first celebrated in 1911 in Germany, Austria, Denmark, and some other European countries.
Since that time, International Women's Day has experienced many ebbs and flows as a day that helps to push women's issues onto political agendas worldwide.
In 1975, the UN (United Nations) designated 'International Women's Year' and it is from this date that International Women's Day has become an official UN designated day of celebration.
A little history...
When women on all continents, often divided by national boundaries and by ethnic, linguistic, cultural, economic and political differences, come together to celebrate their Day, they can look back to a tradition that represents at least nine decades of struggle for equality, justice, peace and development.
International Women's Day is the story of ordinary women as makers of history; it is rooted in the centuries-old struggle of women to participate in society on an equal footing with men
source(s) : country stats obtained from 'global gender gap report 2015 @ PewResearch.org
***more on how the stats were compiled - click the arrow!
The report ranks 135 countries (which collectively contain over 90 percent of the world's population) based on 14 indicators used to measure the size of a nation's gender gap in four key areas:
1. Economic participation and opportunity, which includes female labor force participation, wage equality and the percentage of women in high-ranking jobs.
2. Educational attainment, which looks at female literacy and how frequently women are enrolled in higher education.
3. Health and survival, which is measured by comparing female and male life expectancy and mortality rates.
4. Political empowerment, which examines the number of women holding political office as well as the number of female heads of state over the last 50 years.
The report gives each country a score between 0 (total inequality) and 1 (total equality) for each of the 14 indicators, then averages these scores to determine a nation's final score and thus, its ranking.
For the data conscious...
Here is a link to the actual report (opens in new window)
The gender pay gap (UK)
Here is a data visualisation showing the gender pay gap compiled from 2011/2012 statistics from the UK Office for National Statistics (ONS). For the full data set you can click the following icons to download direct from us in excel spreadsheet or PDF format.
Global data and information
Millennium development goals
In 2000, 189 nations made a promise to free people from extreme poverty and multiple deprivations. This pledge turned into the eight Millennium Development Goals.
The biennial MDGs (Millennium Development Goals) Gender Chart shows that although there has been some progress in a number of the gender dimensions of the Goals, more needs to be done, in every country and at every level, to achieve the pivotal third MDG and to reduce persisting levels of inequality based on sex, wealth, location ethnicity and other markers of disadvantage.
The Millennium Development Goals Gender Chart 2012:
Women in national parliaments
Women MPs in the UK
Source: Inter-parliamentary Union, situation as of 31 December 2012http://www.ipu.org/wmn-e/world.htm
And at the British Council...
The percentage of women in the UK contracted staff has been steady at just over 50% for several years.
The picture is different in each business areas, with some having a high percentage of women and others a high percentage of men.
British Council UK contracted staff
Percentage of female staff in each business area
At the British Council
Top 5 points of progress
Notable progress has been made towards our equality targets for women at the senior level in the organisation, payband 10 and above. Since a low 20.4% in 2010, in August 2012 we had reached nearly 30%. This is on our way to our 2014 target of 35%.
We have steadily maintained a balance in our UK contracted workforce of just over 50% women.
We attract a relatively high number of women applicants (62% applicants in 2011/12). Internal applicants from women are around 55% (2012) and they were promoted at about the same rate.
There are staff up to and including payband 10 working part-time (reduced hours). This is a positive shift over time as previously, reflecting many other organisations, those working part-time (reduced hours) tended to only be at the lower paybands.
Around 60% of our staff globally are female.
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Women have made huge progress in the workplace, but still get lower pay and fewer top jobs than men
SINCE 1970 the proportion of women in the workforce across the rich world has increased from 48% to 64%, a sharp rise but one which nevertheless leaves women in rich countries underemployed compared with women in China. There are large variations from country to country, but the broad trend in most places is still slightly upwards. Yet while women have made big strides in all kinds of careers they find it harder than men to bag the most senior jobs. Just 3% of Fortune 500 CEOs are women. And despite sheaves of equal-pay legislation, women still get paid less than men for comparable work.
Women in the workplace
source: Economist (http://www.economist.com/node/21539928)