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The Genghis Khan Trial

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Kyah Olson

on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of The Genghis Khan Trial

Extortion of Wealth
Witness #4- Prosecution:
"When the mongols created a trade route that passed through the town near to where I live, they set up taxes. The demands started out so unbelievable many ended up with debts they could never repay. The princes and officials were greedy! Taking all the wealth that they could. My family almost lost our home because a Mongolian prince raised the price so high. I will never forgive the Mongols for what they made my family go through. "
Witness #3- Prosecution
"My town was a big trading post that the Mongols helped set up to help trade (so they could tax it), and a few years after the trading post was set up, there was a plague that hit us because of all the foreign people coming and going. It wiped out 90% of our town, including all of my family except me and my little brother."
Buddhism Religion
Witness #5- Defense:
"As a traveling Buddhist priest, I was not accepted in many cultures, but when I visited Mongolia, they accepted me. I stayed with the local Buddhist group in the area I was traveling in. I was soon exempted from taxes and we were given many donations to prosper."
Witness #6- Prosecution:
"The Mongols were taking advantage of people. I watched as my sister and mother, who were skilled artists, were dragged off by those monsters to go work for some arrogant prince in some far off place. They and many others became property and I knew that I would never see them again, and that if they ever did regain their freedom, they would never be able to find me, let alone recognize me."
Primary Source
Matthew Paris- Prosecution #7: "They are inhuman and beastly, rather monsters than men"
The Genghis Khan Trial
Islam Religion
Witness #6- prosecution:
"As a muslim, I was used to some prosecution because I lived somewhere where Islam is not a very common language. When the Mongols came, I was not used to the amount of tolerance they gave to me. They even told me that if I was loyal to them, I could achieve a place as the leader of one of their divisions."
Witness #5- Prosecution:
"I was an engineer for a small town that had been raided by the Mongols. Although most people had thought that we were relatively well off for having been raided by the Mongols, I could see that the irrigation system was destroyed, although not visible to the naked eye. Agriculture became a struggle. So many people could not work to receive food and money. After a few weeks, the people of my town started to get sick, and die."
Witness #1- Prosecution
-"When they came, I was just a child. They told us that if we did not surrender our town they would kill us all. The soldiers stood at the town's edge. They were all slaughtered. I hid under a pile of blankets watching them round up the townspeople that resisted, killing them all."
Witness #1: Defense-
"I lived on the eastern outskirts of Kazakhstan. We had many talented people and many children, for all the people were quite young. We were one of the first villages raided in our country. The Mongols spared most of our town because they wanted the people to bring our culture to different Mongol cities. They spared all the children. The leaders that were unskilled and only wanted power were executed."
Witness #2- Defense
"I lived long enough that I saw that the Mongols were taxing us fairly and for a good reason. They were taxing us so that they could rebuild what they destroyed. They saw their mistakes and were trying to make up for them. They were repaying debts and many people received government welfare assistance. Once the money was redistributed, the cities and towns were as beautiful, if not more, then they were before the Mongols came."
Witness#3- Defense:
"The Mongols destroyed many places, including my house. Butt eventually they rebuilt everything and started to make amends. The roads they made were open to the general public, and they made travel stations about every 30 miles along these roads that were open to anyone. Transportation of many goods became cheaper as well."
Witness #4- Defense:
"I traveled a lot when I was in my prime, and when I was in one of the Mongol cities, I could see many different cultures combined. It was beautiful. There was so much beauty, whether in art or music. I was simply stunned. I could not believe how much peace and beauty were in these cities."
Friar John- Defense #7: " In the whole world, there are to be found no more obedient subjects... they pay their lords more respect than any other people"
The Final Verdict
The Mongols were responsible for the mass killings of many towns. They would invade and attack if they were met with resistance. Most women and children were spared as well as highly skilled people that there was a demand for in the Mongol kingdom.
Before the development of medicines diseases spread rapidly. Since the Mongols encouraged trade, many people went to unfamiliar places and contracted diseases that were unfamiliar to their peoples immune systems. The diseases spread like wildfire and many people were killed off because of them.
Over the years the Mongols encouraged trade more and more. They were able to open more trade routes to new places. As they opened new pathways, they let in many foreign diseases. Since the Mongols' immune systems were not accustom to these diseases, many of them were wiped out. Food supplies were spread out far and thin for the troops so many towns' immune systems reduced making it harder to resist diseases. The living conditions were very unsanitary for the troops and for many towns. Many corpses were left unburied and they contaminated the water. Women, children, and men, alike, died.
As the Mongols grew more powerful, they also grew more bold. They began attacking towns ruthlessly and so many just gave up. Their towns were ransacked and destroyed. So many things became useless. Houses, buildings, crop and irrigation systems had to be rebuilt. Some parts were so destroyed they could not be repaired. The people that survived the attacks had to move to a town that could sustain them.
The Mongols created a tax system called "paying tributes." People were required to give valuable wealthy items over to the Mongol leaders. At first, prices were unpredictable and demanding. As time wore on, the prices became regulated although some greedy princes and officials asked for extra payment. As new rulers came about wealth was redistributed and debts were repaid. Money for agriculture was given back and the poorest class received government welfare assistance.
As the Mongolian Empire expanded, they were in need of more and more people with certain skills. Many people were enslaved and terror filled the land. Crafts people were given to princes and there were many population exchanges. Even though people were enslaved, many of them gained freedom and were able to marry locally. Artisans gained certain privileges and some people were able to return to their homeland. There was a lot of trade and cultures were spread throughout the empire.
Mongolian leaders were very tolerant with the religious choices of their people. They accepted Buddhists and even gave donation and tax exemptions to the people of that religion.
Under Mongolian rule, Islam was able to grow and prosper. Those of that religion were preferred for upper class positions and many were looked up to.
Witness #2- Prosecution
"The Mongols struck fear into every surrounding country. When I was a child, I heard about them like you'd hear parents telling their little ones to beware of the dangerous animals in the wilderness. They came to my town and every man was decapitated. They took me and my mother, as well as the remaining women and children into captivity, ensuring that we would not fight back and become an enemy."
Final Verdict- Fiend from hell
Genghis Khan was a fiend from hell. There is undeniable and incriminating evidence that points towards him being bloodthirsty, uncontrollable, and that he needs to be convicted of his crimes. Genghis Khan killed for the pleasure of it, and he would tax his citizens for whatever he wanted. If he wanted money, art, or war machines, he would just tell them and, out of fear for their lives, they would give it to him or his representatives. He destroyed random towns just for the pleasure of it. If he was feeling down one day, he would have destroyed a town and killed everyone inside of it. Genghis Khan was like Adolf Hitler, although a lot farther back in history, and he killed anyone, not just the jews and the Allies. Genghis Khan deserves worse than the death sentence, and his name will be tarnished forever.
By: Sawyer Crosby, Erin Walker, and Kyah Olson
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