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Behaviorist Approach

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FACS 101

on 26 January 2013

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Transcript of Behaviorist Approach

The Behaviorist Approach What is Behaviorism? A psychological approach to teaching and learning. The teacher reinforces the kind of behavior he/she wants in a classroom. In an Early Childhood setting the behaviorist approach will not always go as planned. Theoretical Perspectives John B. Watson
Father of Modern Behaviorism
Important to study and understand data obtained from observed human behavior B.F Skinner

Introduced Operant Conditioning
The frequency of a behavior can be increased by a reinforcing event which occurs immediately after the desired behavior The behaviorist approach follows the idea that learning is externally motivated.
This idea ignores the curious nature of children

The behaviorist approach uses three techniques to manage classroom behavior
Positive reinforcement
Punishment
Ignoring Weaknesses of the Behaviorist Approach The behaviorist approach does not take feelings/motives for behaviors into account
The curriculum is often not planned centered around the individual abilities of the students
Focuses on more direct instruction Implications for Teaching Using Self-Modification to Change Behavior:
The Six Step Plan Step 1: Identify a problem of behavior Step 2: Select specific target behaviors Step 3: Collect baseline data for the behavior Step 4: Plan your program Step 5: Carrying out the program Step 6: Terminating your program References The behaviorist approach. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.ryerson.ca/~glassman/behavior.html
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