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Sex Ed

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by

Heather M

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of Sex Ed

Notes
Ideas
Sex Education
Your opinion...
What the parents, students,
teachers, and
government are saying
about how sex should be taught
in schools
Only teaching abstinence
to students
Comprehensive Sex Education
Analogy of drunk driving and safe sex
2005- showed 47% of high school students were sexually active and 34% said they didn't use a condom
Friends with benefits
School in Philadelphia offering condoms and sex education
Abstinence-only is outdated
Informed decisions
Analogy of washing hands and safe sex
How other countries are
educating
their students about sex
US compared to France, Germany, and Netherlands
Europe
England
Similar to US
Teachers feel uncomfortable and uneasy
12-15 year olds learn from media and friends
UK teen prenancy and STI rate is one of the highest in Western Europe

Finland
Advanced comprehensive sex education classes
Begin in kindergarten/1st grade- mostly biological
1990s- sex ed classes reduced
2000s- sex ed classes increased again
Study shows that more classes bring higher knowledge on quiz scores
Statistics
There is not enough research to draw conclusions about the effectiveness of abstinence programs

According to a 2-year study conducted by the American Academy of Pediatrics and published in April 2006, 12-14 yr old teens exposed to sexual content through music, movies, television, and magazines are twice as likely to become sexually active within 2 years


In a 2007 public opinion poll, 90% of the respondents supported the idea of providing more education to teens, parents, and young adults in their 20s and 30s that encourages them to take sex, pregnancy and family formation seriously; stresses personal responsibility and respectful relationships; and includes extensive information about contraception

Virginity pledges of no sex before marriage have mixed results. Research shows that these pledges may delay intercourse for some adolescents for an average of 18 months.
However, these same adolescents are less likely to use contraception when they do become sexually active.


continued...
“In the USA, comprehensive sex education generally has much more limited scope; abstinence as positive choice, with (sometimes reluctant) teaching about contraception and avoidance of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) when sexually active.”
- Osmo Kontula


Survey collected in 2000 and 2006

Sexual health quiz
- 75 questions

Childhood and puberty (10 Questions)
Structure and function of sexual organs (14 Questions)
Masturbation (5 Questions)
Sexual intercourse (9 Questions)
Pregnancy (10 Questions)
Contraception (15 Questions)
STIS/STDS (9 Questions)

Scores increased with increased class time
15 million+ Americans are infected with an STD each year, and 1 in 4 new cases of STDs occur among teenagers. The costs associated with diagnosing and treating STDs total $8 billion+ each year

Teaching teens comprehensively about sex encourages them to do it; “how to” course

Condoms and birth control are not effective

Say “no”

Student's Opinion

Feel that the need for a class is great
Should be offered in Junior High or early in High School
Class should be optional but recommended
That a female and a male teacher should teach the class
Boys and girls should be in one classroom together
Class should be 1 part lecture, 2 parts discussion, which should be lead by the teacher in a scientific matter
A social-studies class on marriage should be separate and offered later in high school
Class should include sexual education as well as STD and or HIV/AIDs education
Class should not be based on Abstinence-only approach


Government's Opinion

In 1982, federal financial support for abstinence-only education began with the Family Life Act
In 1996, congress authorized 501(b) of Title V of the Social Security Act, providing $50 million a year in funding for state initiatives with abstinence-only programs
From 1995-2004, annual funding increased from $80 million to $204 million
Statistics show that abstinence-only education is not stopping American teens from engaging in sexual activity
President Obama pledged to eliminate abstinence-only programs in favor of comprehensive sex education
In his 2010 budget he proposed $178 million for comprehensive sex education
Including a program called the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Initiative
Which supports evidence-based models of sexual education and eliminates funding for abstinence-only programs

Parent's Opinion

Upon looking at the studies the results were generally the same, the vast majority of parents are “okay” with their child taking a sexual education class
While approximately 15% of those parents will actually thank the school for doing so
Making the class optional/voluntary will increase these percent's
A small percent of parents in all studies are against their child being in a sexual education class
Reasons were generally:
- They felt child was not mature enough to discuss material
- That the material was to vulgar to be discussed to in schools
- That abstinence-only or vis-versa should be the method of educating

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