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Transcript of Heraldry
Heraldry was created during the 12th century crusades (themedievalclassroom.com). In the late 11th to the mid-12th centuries, many soldiers could not be recognized under their helmets (heraldica.org). As a result, soldiers started to paint emblems on their shields (heraldica.org).
Court of Chivalry
The court of chivalry dealt with disputes between parties over armorial bearings (heraldica.org).
Attempts to Regulate Heraldry
Many people wanted to regulate heraldry. They limited the, “acquisition of arms to grants”, and restricted, “the right to bear arms to certain social categories” (heraldica.org). Heraldry was no longer open to all social classes.
Sanders, Dr. Tracey. Coat of Arms | The Medieval Classroom.
The McAuley Medieval Fayre, 2011. Web. 23 Sept. 2014.
Squire, Romilly. The Modern Use of Heraldry. N.p., 28 Sept.
2012. Web. 24 Sept. 2014.
Velde, François R. Heraldica. N.p., 1995-2003. Web. 23 Sept.
By: Kulsoom Nemazie
Armory was created as the evolution of military equipment. Armory was formed from insigns, banners, seals, and shields (heraldica.org). Insigns give some character to the arms. Banners were colorful and had geometric shapes. Seals formed family emblems that were used in Germany. Shields gave the shape of the design (heraldica.org).
Coat of Arms
The coat of arms had six main parts.
The first one was the shield which depended on the location and time period of the person (themedievalclassroom.com). The shield would have a background, colors which had their own meaning, and charges which were usually animals (themedievalclassroom.com). The background, “of a shield is called a field” (themedievalclassroom.com).
The second part was the helm which was used to indicate the rank of the person (themedievalclassroom.com).
The third part was the crest which distinguished the helm (themedievalclassroom.com).
The fourth part was the mantle which was a cloth that protected against the heat (themedievalclassroom.com).
The wreath was the fifth part, which is two scarves braided in the arms color and kept the mantle and crest in position (themedievalclassroom.com).
The motto was the last part (themedievalclassroom.com). It wasn’t necessary to have a motto but if the person did, it was located either below the shield or above the crest (themedievalclassroom.com).
The eldest child would get the arms along with the estate (themedievalclassroom.com). The younger child would inherit the same coat of arms but would replace the symbol with another symbol (themedievalclassroom.com). This became a tradition and was known as Cadency (themedievalclassroom.com). When a woman without brothers would marry, the coat of arms would be added to their husband’s, which became known as marshalling (themedievalclassroom.com).
Heraldry was associated with the feudalism and many people also associate it with just the upper classes (heraldica.org). However, heraldry spread to all social classes, including the peasants (heraldica.org). Both the nobles' arms and the peasants' arms were not different because heraldry was unregulated. Many people just assumed and received arms. Others were given grants (heraldica.org).
People wanted to stop giving arms to all of society and just give it to those who have special grants. This way, the nobles' arms and the peasants' arms looked different.
The Writs of 1417
The Writ told the soldiers who were about to join the expedition in France that they would not have their coat-of-arms unless they had a grant of some person with authority (heraldica.org). It intended to apply men under arms in the next expedition, not to society as a whole (heraldica.org).
Honoré Bonet was a French prior who recognized that there are arms which each has taken at his pleasure (heraldica.org). He thought that arms should be kept unique and that if one person assume arms, other people should not assume the same arms (heraldica.org).
In Scotland, it is used in dress. The crest is used on the bonnet and the arms can be found on the buckle of the belt (heraldry-scotland.co.uk). Jewelry may be a heraldic adornment (heraldry-scotland.co.uk). In the houses, stained glass windows or flags can have a representation of their arms (heraldry-scotland.co.uk).