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Singular and Plural And Possessive Nouns.
Transcript of Singular and Plural And Possessive Nouns.
by Jayna Waktins
What is a Plural?
A special type of noun used for more than one person, place or thing.
Adding "s" to most nouns to make plural.
Irregular Plural Nouns.
Possessives ending in -'s
To make most nouns possessive, just take the noun, and add -'s to the end. Only the ownership word gets the -'s added it it.
Possessives ending in just an apostrophe (')
Sometimes the ownership word already ends with an 's' either because it's plural "
or because it naturally ends with an 's' "James".
More than one possessor?
Quiz #1 : Plurals.
See if you know the plural forms of these irregular plural nouns!
Quiz #2 : Recognizing Plurals and Possessives.
Lets see if you can find which words in the following sentences are plural nouns, and which are possessive nouns.
Plural and possessive nouns are one of the trickiest parts of the English language.
A lot of people get them mixed up because it can be hard to tell the difference between them.
I'm going to show you some simple rules you can use to tell them apart, and some irregular ones you should watch out for!
Most plurals end in either "s" or "es".
If you have more than one person, place, or thing, you would have to properly convert that noun into its plural form.
Rule: To change most nouns to plural, just add "s".
Add "es" to nouns to make plural
Rule: Nouns ending in s, x, z, ch, or sh add "es"
The woman lived blissfully with her five playful dogs."
Because we're talking about more than one dog, the word 'dog' becomes plural.
Example: The dishes in the sink need to be washed.
Because we're talking about more than one dish, the word dish becomes plural.
There are some exceptions to the '-s' and '-es' rules. These are irregular plural nouns
For example: The word "dictionary".
We can't write 'dictionarys' or 'dictionaryes'
Although they all sound identical, The correct spelling is
This is because for the plural form of most nouns ending in '-y' you need to change the 'y' to ' i ' and add 'es' to make (for example) dictionaries
What is a Possessive?
A possessive noun shows that a noun has possession or ownership over, or belongs to another noun.
Most possessive nouns end in -'s (apostrophe 's')
"The girl's bicycle was carried away by the strong wind."
In the example above, the ownership word is 'girl' so only the word 'girl' has an '-s (apostrophe s) at the end.
If this is the case...
Ignore the the rule to add an apostrophe "s" to the end of the noun.
cats' litter boxes were incredibly unsanitary.
: If 2 ownership words share a possession, then only the second noun receives an apostrophe 's'
Jane and Lisa's volleyball teams did exceptionally well in the tournament
Only the word 'Lisa'' receives an -'s because
it is the second ownership noun in the sentence.
2. The veterinarians discovered that the dog's teeth needed a thorough cleaning.
1. There are multiple girls in the Smith's extended family
Here are some helpful websites and video links. .
Usually, when a word ends in 'f' or 'fe' we change the 'f' to 'v' and add 'es' or 's' to make it plural.
Another exception to the 's' and 'es' is when a noun ends in 'f' or 'fe'.
For example, knife. To make knife plural, change the 'f' to 'v' and add 's'. Making the word knives.
There are possessives that do not end in " 's " or " s' ".