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George Orwell

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Estelle A

on 3 April 2014

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Transcript of George Orwell

Eric Arthur Blair
(25 June 1903 – 21 January 1950),
known by his pen name George Orwell, was an English novelist, essayist, journalist and critic. His work is marked by lucid prose, awareness of social injustice, opposition to totalitarianism, and commitment to democratic socialism
He was a man of strong opinions who addressed some of the major political movements of his times, including imperialism, fascism and communism.

Amongst British colonialism in Burma

In 1937, Orwell traveled to Spain, where he joined one of the groups fighting against General Francisco Franco in the Spanish Civil War

With World War II raging on, Orwell found himself acting as a propagandist to advance the country's side
Context:
Other Texts:
Novels
1934 – Burmese Days
1935 – A Clergyman's Daughter
1936 – Keep the Aspidistra Flying
1939 – Coming Up for Air
1945 – Animal Farm
1949 – Nineteen Eighty-Four
Nonfiction
1933 – Down and Out in Paris and London
1937 – The Road to Wigan Pier
1938 – Homage to Catalonia
Purpose:
The book provided a brutal look at the lives of the working poor and of those living a transient existence.
He made observations on poverty, and the reader is left with the resounding impression that it’s a condition—a situation, Orwell would insist—best avoided if at all possible.
Influences:
Shakespeare
Swift
Fielding
Dickens
Charles Reade
Flaubert
James Joyce
T. S. Eliot
D. H. Lawrence
Somerset Maugham
Rachel & Estelle
George Orwell - Down and Out in Paris and London
Literary criticism
Poetry
Fiction
Political journalism
Style of Writing:
Liked to provoke argument by challenging social conventions.
But he was also a traditionalist with a love of old English values
"uncompromising intellectual honesty [which] made him appear almost inhuman at times."
"Orwell's writing pierced intellectual hypocrisy
"Orwell was the saint of common decency
Public Perception:
Similarities:
Animal Farm (1945) was an anti-Soviet satire in a pastoral setting featuring two pigs as its main protagonists. These pigs were said to represent Josef Stalin and Leon Trotsky

Nineteen Eighty-Four - Orwell gave readers a glimpse into what would happen if the government controlled every detail of a person's life, down to their own private thoughts.
Experiences in his life:
the Burma police
the low life
He fell seriously ill in February 1929 and was taken to the a free hospital where medical students were trained
He supervised cultural broadcasts to India to counter propaganda from Nazi Germany designed to undermine Imperial links
Techniques:
dramatic irony
allegory
satire
Genres:
Full transcript