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English Conversation Class A Presentation: Surrogate Pregnancy

Mid-term presentation for English Conversation Class A.
by

Kevin Yang

on 27 July 2013

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Transcript of English Conversation Class A Presentation: Surrogate Pregnancy

Surrogate
pregnancy

The Future
Thank you for your attention!
Introduction
and our future
Arguments:
Benefits

Arguments:
Disadvantages
Inevitability
Legalization = Supervision
= Protect rights of surrogates
Free Will
Mutual consent
Chance for a better life
Their choice, not ours
Redistribution
Health concerns
Infertility
Parental pressure
A chance to make everyone happy
If everyone is satisfied, who are we to say otherwise?
1.Definition
2.Types of processes
-The commercialization of women and wombs
In a medical term
It means. a woman who helps a couple to have a child by carrying to term an embryo conceived by the couple and transferred to her uterus, or by being inseminated with the man's sperm and either donating the embryo for transfer to the woman's uterus or carrying it to term.
genetic surrogacy
gestational surrogacy
vs.
Genetic surrogacy
surrogate’s egg+intended father’s sperm
so
legally provided the surrogate with parental rights
Gestational surrogacy
need only surrogate’s womb
allowing for the use of the intended mother’s egg, or the egg of a donor
reduced the risk of surrogate claim to the intended child
making the surrogate process much more appealing to both intended parents and potential surrogates
3.History
Legalization
Demand + Prohibitation
= Black market
Ethicality
Tragic couple?
Adequate compensation
http://movpod.in/4tmn86ewo7d0
9:03 - 10:23
Example of Black Market:
The Simpsons
邱以然
Technology  rapid changes
 social and ethical issues
 respond in a good way
 prohibit it
 no more problems (?)
Law vs. Ethics
Statistics:
- women that are infertile=15% of women
- women who used fertility services =
25%
of that
- Taiwan: couples that are infertile =20% of couples
---10% call for surrogacy
A Demand
India as an example
-Popular medical tourism destination
-Surrogacy agencies
-Low cost, high efficiency, technology,

strict regulations
A Law
Research

1)Economic conditions of surrogate mothers(Lori Andrew)
2)Relationship between them : close
3)Violation of the contract<1.24%(California professional organizations)
4)Baby adopting is time-consuming
Reassurance
1)Redefined motherhood
reproductive work
not sex, parenting
Society changes
Legalize it or not? (superficial)
What is the purpose of legitimation? (fundamental)
Laws react to social norms
Society
changes
with time
The essential of law
Technology provides a solution
NOT legal in…Taiwan, Canada, Australia, US states
Legal in…UK, Korea, HK, India, Japan
Many others don’t restrict it or just go underground
confrontations: existence + the way to protect
A Supply

Our concerns:

Health
Unwillingness
A reproductive “machine”
commercilized
Professions without concerns
Technology improvement
 social changes & problems
strike a balance
legislation
 progress
The Future
Question: Is legislation manipulated by morality entirely?
What are the changes?
Scrupulous regulations are made to prevent “rent-a-womb” and exploits
-Age and number of times
-Permission
-Identity
2)A career woman
like doctors, teachers, cooks, servers…
Professionals
Legislations are not made for prohibition, but for adjustments.
Professionals
Less harm than organ donation (also rife)
Less morally questionable than prostitution
Machines?
Is a professional a machine?
Example: Doctors who specialize in one specific surgery.
Case of Mrs. Gao (Heilongjiang, China)
Conclusion: A guarantee. (Legal, ethical, medical.)
Compensation fee: 200,000 RMB
(approx 930,000 NTD)
120 times monthly salary of PKU graduate
 Surrogate pregnancy is the process in which one woman, chosen by an infertile couple and that chosen surrogate mother carries and delivers that infertile couple’s child.
The story of Abraham and Sarah mentions that Sarah had experienced infertility, and asked her handmaiden, Hagar, to carry a child for her and Abraham.
1976: First Surrogacy Agreement
1978: First Test Tube Baby Born
1980: First Paid Traditional Surrogacy Arrangement
1983: First Successful Pregnancy via Egg Donation
1985: First Gestational Surrogacy
The first documented surrogate pregnancy was recorded in 1976.
1988, approximately 600 babies were born via surrogacy
Between 1988 and 1992, that number rose significantly, to over 5,000 births.
thousands of babies born every year in the United States
4.Cases
Baby M
surrogate and biological mother
VS
the couple
in Kaohsiung
A woman without a womb
asked her cousin to processed
the surrogacy for her.
against the law
under the counter
in India
low prices

legal

reproductive
business
5.view
gift
commercial surrogacy
Laws cannot stop trade
Humans are resourceful to a fault!!
Prohibition = Lack of medical care available, lack of help if exploited.
Renting out body = unethical?
Conclusion?
after adding up the above...
Poor = Providers
Rich = Demand
Sum = Black market
Liberal, democratic state
A WORLD WITH SURROGATE PREGNANCY…
THE MARKET OF
SURROGATE PREGANCY
THE SHOCK SURROGATE PREGANCY BRINGS
The value of human being

Surrogate pregnancy becomes a way to measure the value of humans

Materialization of babies
Relationship between parents and children

Violation of “symbiotic intimacy”

The natural connection between parents and children will not form
Comprehension of wealth
Even the human instinct can be “outsourced” with enough money

Anything is possible as long as you have money

The rich predominate in reproduction over the poor
Human rights for disadvantaged women
The exploitation of women of low social and economical status

Enlarge the gap between rich and poverty

What’s the difference between surrogacy pregnancy, prostitution, and organ trades?
THE SHOCK SURROGATE PREGANCY BRINGS
The value of human being
Relationship between parents and children
Comprehension of wealth
Human rights for disadvantaged women
SHOW TIME!
Scenarios
A fight between a mother and her child


An argue between a wife and her mother-in-law


A sigh of a surrogate mother

Mothers’ use of money to measure children’s value

Children’s disapproval of their mother
Surrogate pregnancy provides a new way to reserve this thought

Block the way for reaching an equal and friendly society
The trauma of giving away the babies they bear


The most important, yet the most disadvantaged
A Review
CONCLUSION
A way to taste the joy of having a family

without tragedies…
Full transcript