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Cars in the 1920's
Transcript of Cars in the 1920's
The more desirable and expensive cars being at the top of the chain, and the less expensive being at the bottom. Manufacturing Process Henry Ford Henry Ford revolutionized the
car business and businesses
all over the world. In his factories he
started to use the assembly line so that
instead of an entire car being made
by a whole set of people, their was a
chain of people and each person attached
one or two parts. Note: These are all Ford cars. The more expensive cars started to become enclosed and heated. The expensive cars were even custom built for the owners and often had a chauffer or mechanic to drive the cars for them. Most cars' color schemes were based off of horse-drawn coach decorations. Before the 20's cars were not colorful or beautiful. As people became rich they wanted more and more extravagant cars to demonstrate their wealth. This new production process allowed for cars to become cheaper than they had before and more people were able to buy them. Henry Ford's new production method successfully reduced the price of cars by almost 75%. Car models of the 20's Road Infrastructure The advent of an easily affordable automobile had far-reaching consequences for many different industries. Emergence of Suburbs Leisure Activities Product Transportation Increased Oil Demand Major Car Companies Ford -Henry Ford was the one to start the improvement
-Starting with the model-T, this car was his first
model, but was considered "out dated" during
the 1920's. People kept buying because of the price
-$550 in 1920, $260 in 1925
-Production was high, but sales were down, which hurt company funds
-Ford sent cars to dealerships that did not order then because they needed the money
-Even though funds weren't steady, production was significant for the 1920's This is the 1920 Ford Model-T truck which was oftenly used as ice cream trucks. This is a Ford Model- T truck that had been
converted into a snow mobile. This is a Model- T chassis with a fuel tank. This was a car created for light use and the oval-shaped fuel tank was first created in the 1920's for the Ford company. This is Model-T roundabout pick-up truck. This was a radical restyle created in 1926 before Ford had to shut down for a short period of time. In order to continue producing, Ford starting making cars in colors like maroon and green. General Motors -General Motors were one of the other major producing companies founded in 1908 by William Durant, headquarters in Detroit, MI.
- GM produced mainly Cadillac and Chevrolet
-Cadillac was very successful in 1918, and then a
financial boom in the 1920's hit.
-1920's were GM's years of prosperity and they came out with color before Ford did.
-Helped increase auto sales to 4.5 million. This is actually a Cadillac model 03 from 1910, but this was the basic model they used with a few improvements for the 1920's highly successful model. This is a 1927 LaSalle model that was created with a smooth frame from Harley Earl, the man GM partnered with who had been creating cars for Hollywood sets. This car was considered luxurious and expensive. This car was the Buick Y Job, another car company contained within General Motors. This car took a risky approach with the curved structure, but was viewed well by the public. Rolls-Royce (Gatsby's Car) -Rolls-Royce was founded by the partnership of Charles Rolls and Sir Henry Royce in May of 1904 over a famous lunch.
-Rolls-Royce stopped production for the World Wars, but started up again in the 1920's after the wars. They opened their first US factory in 1921.
-Even though this company was maybe not be the most productive, it was respected, and still is, as one the most luxurious (Gatsby's car is also a Rolls-Royce).
-In 1922, Rolls started making cars affordable for the upper middle class, which increased their popularity.
-Designs were handmade and custom which also attracted many, along with their leather interior. This is the car created in 1922 called the Rolls-Royce 20 HP. This was also called the "baby" Rolls- Royce. This was popular amongst the upper middle class and went 62 mph. This was a model created in 1907,
originally named the Silver Ghost.
In 1925 this model was still produced,
but renamed as the "New Phantom."
This car was build both in the UK and in
a factory in Springfield, Mass. This car is an idea of what Gatsby's Rolls- Royce
should look like.