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The Houses of Lancasters and Yorks
Transcript of The Houses of Lancasters and Yorks
The Houses of Lancaster and York
Significant changes in the 15th century
The Lollardy Movement
Persecuted, especially during the Lancasters who exhumed and burned at the stake the body of John Wycliff - their leader.
The Lancasters' Piety
Under Henry IV heretics were burned at the stake (Inquisition) as a confirmation of his piety and allegiance to Rome, and the possibility of independence from Rome as the seat of religious authority was lost.
The Tudor Line
The House of Lancaster
The House of York
The Background of the Conflict
The Hundred Years' War
The Course of the War
The Wars of the Roses
Started with Edward III in 1337, ended in failure under Henry VI in 1453
In the end, England loses most of the territories except for Calais
The war created:
animosity between the two nations,
a new sense of national identity,
a need for English as the official language,
ambitions towards the New World
1399 - 1471
1461 - 1485
The 15th century England: marked by bloodshed and turbulence
The conflict between the two houses both claiming their right to the throne escalated into a full-fledged war
The revolt of the poor against the institutionalized religion and the authority of the Church
(1455 - 1485)
Emblem: the red rose
Emblem: the white rose
Territorial pretensions to those parts of France once in the dominion of England
(Remember the Anjou and Philip II?)
Started by Edward III (of the Plantagenets) and finally ended by Henry VI's failure
The legend of Joan of Arc
A greater part of the English nobility destroyed
The conflict was not ideology-inspired, but based on the interests of the ruling houses
The rules of royal succession were broken
The Battle at Bosworth field in 1485 and the death of Richard III mark the end of the conflict
'My kingdom for a horse!'
the boundary between the medieval and modern age
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