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Violence in Sport

OCR AS Physical Education: Socio-Cultural Studies
by

C S Farman

on 29 November 2017

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Transcript of Violence in Sport

Candidates should be able to discuss:
Causes in relation to players and spectators.
Implications to:
Sport
Society
Performers
Strategies to prevent violence in relation to players and spectators.
Violence in Sport
Violence by spectators and players is a contemporary issue in sport.

Discuss violence in sport with reference to both causes and strategies. (10)
Exam Question
Aggression is not a new phenomenon.
Mob-football games of pre-industrial days were once characterised by severe violence and brutality.
Pre-1850
Helped by the civilised ethics that emerged from English public schools, games became linked with fair play and sportsmanship.
Games were not taken too seriously in these schools.
Taking part was more important than winning.
Post-1850
Middle class attitudes have been squeezed out of modern sport.
Stakes are high, outcome imperative and pressure intense.
Gamesmanship is commonplace.
Today
Key Terms
Sportsmanship
: fair play
Gamesmanship
: stretching the rules to gain an unfair advantage
Deviance
: seriously breaking the rules and norms (of sport)
Can be categorised and explained in terms of:
Cheating:
it is a blatant infringement of agreed sporting codes and a disregard of the true values of sport as an experience.
Health:
it causes injury and physical damage, which can be life-threatening.
Leagality:
physical violence is against the law of the land and is increasingly being punished with legal action when it occurs in sport.
Role-modelling:
elite sports performers have a responsiblity to be role models, especially to young people.
Violence by Players
Aggressive and rebellious behaviour at sporting events is not new.
The problem was around in pre-industrial days and throughout the Victorian period, when the costant fighting of the Irish immigrant Hooligan family added a new word to the language of the 1890s.
Hooliganism forcefully raised its head as a major social problem again in the 1960s in connection with the collective, aggressive behaviour of predominantly white, urban, unskilled teenage males at football matches.
Violence by spectators
Specification
Causes of & Strategies to violence by
spectators
Causes of &
Strategies to
violence by
players
Causes in relation to :
SPORT
SOCIETY
PERFORMERS
Causes in relation to :
SPORT
SOCIETY
PERFORMERS
Strategies
Strategies
Full transcript