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Domestic Violence - Perpetrators
Transcript of Domestic Violence - Perpetrators
Ayaka Hisanaga Domestic violence can occur... in all types of families and interpersonal relationships regardless of race, ethnicity, gender, and age (Kurst-Swanger, K. & Petcosky, J., 2003). Domestic violence has many causes poverty
learned behavior patterns
increased female independence
cultural and ethnic heritage Why go to Counseling?
Most do not go willingly and do not willingly admit there is a problem.
When entering counseling batterers manifest:
Denial, minimization, justification, and projection of blame
Most go into counseling because they are forced by court-order.
Attendance of Treatment
Study of 101 Caucasian and African American men in Maryland between 1994 and 1996.
Predictors of drop out rates for treatment programs.
Lower age, education, income, high unemployment, or history of unemployment, an extensive criminal history, and unmarried status.
Race difference in dropout appeared to be greater among self-referred than among court-referred clients,
Self-referred African Americans were the group most vulnerable to session nonattendance.
Cognitive Behavioral Treatment
Focuses on the actual violence
Change batterer’s thinking, training in stress and anger management, assertiveness, and communication skills.
May also address issues of jealousy and lack of empathy.
Not as popular – not as effective, much like mediation and reconciliation.
Said to promote victim-blaming and retribution against women who speak up.
Good though, because it brings attention to the variety of family and personal relationships involved.
Teaches the batterer that violence is a pattern that includes humilaition, intimidation, and isolation.
Aim to teach a batterer that their attitude toward women through consciousness-raising lectures and exercises.
Many communities choose this treatment, and some states have it as a prerequisite for the courts.
Does it Work?
Overall, batterers report programs help them gain control of anger, communication, and reduce violence.
Research: batterers must attend at least 75% of sessions in anger management to have a chance to reduce recidivism.
Noncompleters: 23% did not recidivate.
Arrest alone does not change a domestic violence situation – treatment is necessary.
“Domestic violence has a huge impact on our whole community not only in terms of the lives of women and men and their children’s futures, but also the impact on policing resources and the criminal justice system. It is absolutely essential that we start to tackle to root cause of this issue and break the cycle of abuse.” (http://www.hullpct.nhs.uk/templates/page.aspx?id=5198)
Types of Domestic Violence
Diamond and Muller (2004) indicated
individuals who had witnessed wither physical or severe psychological DV reported higher levels of psychological and emotional problems. Stuart et al. (2008) found
drug use was a stronger predictor of IPV than alcohol problems
arrested males' marijuana use and stimulant use were associated with perpetration of IPV
arrested women's substance use did not predict violence perpetration
however, female perpetrators' report of male partners' stimulant use predicted male psychological and physical aggression Reference on factors
Psychological factors: p. 263
Cultural factors: p. 259
Stressors: p. 263 & 264 Thank you :) Questions?