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Peripheral Arterial Disease

A&P 2: Fall Semester
by

Fiorela Montemayor

on 4 October 2012

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Transcript of Peripheral Arterial Disease

Presented by:
Fiorela Montemayor
Valerie Medrano
PERIPHERAL
ARTERY
DISEASE What is Peripheral
Artery Disease? Plaque builds up in the arteries that carry blood to your head, organs, & limbs.



Usually affects the LEGS,
can also affect head, arms, kidneys, &
stomach Let's take a closer look... Source: National Heart Lung Blood Institute Atherosclerosis- plaque can hardened and narrow the arteries I'm worried,what are some of the symptoms?
Low temperature on one leg
Poor nail & hair growth
Erectile dysfunction, esp. men with diabetes. Do you have muscle pain or cramping in your legs or arms?

Is this triggered by walking and disappears after rest? Other symptoms... Weak or no pulses in legs or feet
Sores or wounds on toes, feet, or legs
Leg numbness
Pale/bluish color to the skin Other signs... Blood Vessel Disease: These symptoms are called Intermittent Claudication Don't ignore leg pain, numbness, or other symptoms as a normal part of AGING... Who is at risk?

Over the age of 50 with history of diabetes or smoking
Under the age of 50, diabetic, high risk of obesity or high blood pressure
Over the age of 70
History of P.A.D., heart disease or stroke
High levels of the protein homocysteine
Men are at higher risk than women What are some causes of P.A.D.? Smoking
High levels of
cholesterol and fat
High blood pressure
High amounts of
sugar in blood
Diabetes Do not wait too long... If you do develop atherosclerosis & P.A.D., there is a risk in getting: Tests! Treatments
1. Manage the pain

2. Stop the progression of atherosclerosis throughout the body 1) Get a physical exam

2) Ultrasound

3) Angiography

4)Blood tests 5) Ankle-brachial index (ABI) Tests! Take medications to:
lower cholesterol
regulate blood pressure
control blood sugar
prevent blood clots
relieve symptoms Treatments Bypass surgery
Thrombolytic therapy
Angioplasty P.A.D. Research What can you do to prevent this? Quit smoking
Keep your blood sugar in control
Exercise regularly- STAY ACTIVE!
Healthy diet- LOW in saturated fat
Weight loss plan, if overweight or obese
Lower your blood pressure &
cholesterol Researchers are looking into cell and gene therapy to treat P.A.D. Contrast-Free Imaging Why is this important to know? A&P 2 Treatments
Endarterectomy
Atherectomy
Amputation- Extreme case! Sources

Critical limb ischemia
(CLI)
Stroke and heart attack
Mayo Clinic-www.mayoclinic.com/health/peripheral -arterial-disease/DS00537

National Heart Lung and Blood Institute- www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pad

WebMD-www.webmd.com/heart-disease/tc/peripheral-arterial-disease-of-the-legs-overview

WebMD- www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/peripheral-aterial-disease-when-amputation-is-needed-topic-overview

UCDavis Health System- www.ucdmc.ucdavis.edu/diseases/cli.html

MedicineNet- www.medicinenet.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=20052&pf=3&page=1

HeartHealthyWomen.org
www.hearthealthywomen.org/am-i-at-risk/pad/race-ethnicity-and-pad.html

MedWire News
www.medwire-news.med/38/101155/Cardiology/Gene_therapy_applied_to_peripheral_arterial_disease.html Endarterectomy Antherectomy Angioplasty With a better understanding, you will be able to help your physician make an early diagnosis and begin treatment.

PAD has common symptoms, BUT many people with PAD never have symptoms at all. Pertains to the way blood is circulated through the arteries away from the heart.

Blood Vessels including capillaries, arteries, & veins Angiography A B C D
Full transcript