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Transcript of Captivity Narrative
Mary Jemison - The Life and Times of Mrs. Mary Jemison: James Seaver
Putting it in Context
Rowlandson: one of the most popular narratives on both sides of the Atlantic
Fell out of print in the 1720's but recieved recognition in the 1780's
Describes native females as variation of proper women
Has been analyzed as a religous/political allusion
Leading up to King Phillips War
A new generation
Continuing issues of land and crops
Rumors ignite fear and action
Lacks factual basis and historically may be innacurate
Allowed Women an ability to contribute more in Literature
Provides a biased view of the Natives
Critics initially suspicous
Genre reflects gothic themes in its descriptions of the Natives
The Genre Today
Popularity lead to fictional exaggerations
Anticipates popular fiction/cinema with themes of action, suffering, and redemtion.
Written mostly by woman on their experiences of being held captive by the Native Americans
Typically began with date & contained a large number of biblical references
Popular in NE & England from the 17th - 19th century
Women Defied Their Normal Roles
Often protected children
Forced to travel long distances on foot
Had sexual relations outside of marriage
Christian Europeans vs. "Pagan" Indians
Told to be taken as factual even though the accounts were exaggerated
Intended to scare the Europeans of these natives
Images depicted natives as violent savages
Lack of Gender confinement
Mirrors conflicts between Colonists and Indians all over
Mayflower arrives in the new world
God can do no wrong for his people
A New Era
Massasoit dies 1660
Wamsutta, his oldest son, succeeds his father as sachaem cheif
Crops, land, and tension
Metacom succeeds his brother Wamsutta in 1662
Metacom and New England Colonists
Metacom and Plymouth colonists agree on terms of a new pact in 1662
Religious impact - John Eliot and John Sassamon
A Time of Peace
Action is Taken
Metacom assembles armed warriors, does not attack Plymouth
A treaty is reached
Englishmen is murdered by Indian sparking tension
There is a misinterpretation within the treaty
Metacom is charged
The Needles that Broke the Haystack
Elliot strives for a peaceful outcome
Bias arbitration and the land conflicts
Sassamon informs Colonists of Metacoms plan of attacking
Wampanoags kill Sassamon
Last attempt at peace
An Indian is killed by an Englishmen
Wars between Natives and Colonists
1622-1644- Powhatan War
1636-1637- Pequot War
1680-1692- Pueblo Revolt
Early expeditions to the "new world" spark interest in Europe
New world offers religious opportunities
Natives and colonists: times of peace and conflict
Criticism of the Genre
Women were mostly taken
did not recognize women superiors
The Questioning of Faith
Test of Faith
The only one who can and shall deliver
Great loss of faith
Religious leaders failure
Similiar system to Europeans
Leadership & family ties
Great Military threat (King Phillip's War)
Took brother's birthwright
Mistress to Rowlandson
Not recognized by Rowlandson
Derounian-Stodola, Kathryn Zabelle. "Captive Selves, Captivating Others: The Politics and Poetics of Colonial American Captivity Narratives. by Pauline Turner Strong." JSTOR. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Sept. 2013
Derounian-Stodola, Kathryn Zabelle, ed. “Women's Indian Captivity Narratives”. New York: Penguin Books, 1998. Print.
Faery, Rebecca B. "Mary Rowlandson (1637-1711)." Legacy 1995th ser. 12.2 (n.d.): 121-32. Print.
Potter, Tiffany. "Writing Indigenous Femininity: Mary Rowlandson's Narrative of Captivity." Eighteenth - Century Studies 36.2 (2003): 153-68. ProQuest. Web. 10 Sep. 2013.
Ranlet, Philip. “Another Look At The Causes of King Philips War.” The New England Quarterly 61.1 (1988): 79-100. Web.
Winiarski, Douglas L. "Native American Popular Religion in New England's Old Colony, 1670-1770." Religion and American Culture : R & AC 15.2 (2005): 147-86. ProQuest. Web. 10 Sep. 2013.
Wyss, Hilary E. "Captivity and Conversion: William Apess, Mary Jemison, and Narratives of Racial Identity." American Indian Quarterly 3 & 4 23 (n.d.): 63-82. Print.
Is God active in his role?
Variety of religious ideologies
Differing traditional slave system
Mary Jemison's statue at Letchworth State Park.
White Woman of the Genesee
act of god
Fanny Kelly - Narrative of my Captivity among the Sioux Indians
Hannah Dustan- Humiliations Follow'd with Deliverances: (Cotton Mather)
A publically-funded statue of Hannah Dustan in New Hampshire.