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Colon Cancer

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by

Elizebeth Ewart

on 7 November 2013

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Transcript of Colon Cancer

Men are more susceptible to colon cancer but women can also develop it
Second largest cause of cancer related death
Colon cancer is a malignant tumor originating in the colon
It can also be called colorectal cancer
Colon Cancer
C
o
l
o
n

C
a
n
c
e
r

Christine
L.
Elizebeth
E.
Isha
Rukaya
D.
The Colon
Your colon; also known as your large intestine; removes salt, nutrients and water in your body.
November 3
2013
Symptoms
Difference in bowel movements
Diarrhea
Constipation
Cramps
Pain
gas
frequent pain in abdomen
often feeling weak and fatigued
sudden (unexplained) weight loss
Symptoms are experienced early in the progressing cancer
Symptoms depend on the size and location of the tumor
You should see a doctor as soon as you suspect you could have colon cancer
Stages (progression) of Colon Cancer
Stage 0
disease remains within the inner most lining (called the mucosa) of the colon
Stage 1
cancer has grown through several layers of the intestine but has not spread beyond the muscular coat of the colon
Stage 2
IIA - cancer has penetrated beyond the muscular layers of the large intestine and in adjacent tissue
IIB - cancer has spread through the serosa (outer most layer) but not to nearby organs
IIC - cancer has spread to nearby organs
IIIA: Cancer has spread to 1-3 lymph nodes and has spread through the muscle layer of the colon
or cancer has not yet reached the muscle layer and has spread to 4 -6 lymph nodes
Stage 3
IIIB: Cancer has spread through the serosa but not to nearby organs; cancer has also spread to 1-3 lymph nodes or on tissue near lymph nodes
or cancer has spread to the serosa and cancer has spread to 4-6 lymph nodes
or cancer has spread through the mucosa and to 7+ lymph nodes
IIIC: Cancer has spread through the serosa and to 4-6 lymph nodes
or spread through the serosa but not to any and 7+ lymph nodes
or spread through the serosa to nearby organs and has formed in tissues near lymph nodes
disease has spread to distant organs such as lungs, liver and ovaries (females only)
cancer that cannot be removed at this stage requires chemotherapy, radiation therapy, or both may be used to relieve, delay or prevent symptoms
Stage 4
Prevention
eat a variety of fruits, vegetables and whole grains
drink alcohol in moderation (limit the amount of alcohol you are consuming)
exercise at least 30 minutes per day
maintain a healthy weight
Treatment
surgery
chemotherapy
radiation
biological therapy (treatment used to restore the immune system to fight infection and disease)
You can be treated by a ...
surgeon
gastroenterologist - a doctor who works with treating diseases of the digestive system
medical oncologist - a doctor who works with medicine
radiation oncologist - a doctor who works with treating cancer by radiation
Treatment Success Rates
(survival rates)

Stage I - 74%
Stage IIA - 67%
Stage IIB - 59%

Stage IIIA - 73%
Stage III - 46%
Stage IIIC - 28%
Stage IV - 6%

T
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E
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(finally)
Why Did We Choose This Topic?


There was a lot of information available
to Spread awareness
We wanted to know what colon cancer was
We wanted to prevent and/or avoid it from happening to us
There was a lot of information available
Suspected Causes
Genes (family history)
Lifestyle (if you exercise less and are overweight)
Alcohol use
Low-fiber diet
Smoking
Eating less fruits and vegetables
Age (people over 50 or 60 yrs are more prone to colon cancer)
Diabetes
Environment
Gender (most likely in men)
Polyps
Accessibility
Not in most middle-income countries (due to no or poor healthcare)
Usually in western countries
Military health system
90% of rural CRC patients that live close by have access to CRC surgery
if you have access to healthcare
Develops in the digestive tract from Polyps and over time mutate into a cancerous tumor.
looking at more than 28,000 people diagnosed with colon cancer between 1998 and 2000.
Full transcript