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INDIGENOUS CULTURAL HISTORY
Transcript of INDIGENOUS CULTURAL HISTORY
Claire Mulraney and
Elly Drum. The policy of assimilation means in the view of all Australian governments that all aboriginals and part-aboriginals are expected eventually to attain the same manner of living as other Australians. NoOoOoOoOoOoOoOoOoOoOoOOoOoOoOoO ABORIGINAL CULTURE Before, During and After White Settlement. The first fleet to carry convicts from England to Australia left on the 13th of May in 1787. It got to Botany Bay in Australia on the 18th of January in 1788. They travelled further up coast until they reached Sydney Cove. THE FIRST FLEET. Of the eleven Ships in the First Fleet, 6 of them carried convicts. 3 of them carried food and supplies. The last two carried naval escorts. SHIPS THE ALEXANDER THE PRINCE OF WALES THE FRIENDSHIP The Fishburn was a storeship. The Master of this ship is Robert Brown. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13th and arrived on January 20th, traveling for 252 days. THE FISHBURN The master of The Charlotte was Thomas Gilbert. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13 1787 and arrived on January 20 1788, traveling for 252 days. On board, there were 100 male convicts and 24 females. THE CHARLOTTE The master of The Alexander was Duncan Sinclair. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13 1787 and arrived on January 19 1788, traveling for 251 days. On board, there were 210 male convicts but no females. The master of The Friendship was Francis Walton. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13 1787 and arrived on January 19 1788, traveling for 251 days. On board, there were 80 male convicts and 24 females. THE LADY PENHRYN The master of The Lady Penhryn was William Cropton Server. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13 1787 and arrived on January 20 1788, traveling for 252 days. On board, there were no male convicts but there were 102 females. THE SCARBOROUGH The master of The Scarborough was Captain John Marshall. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13 1787 and arrived on January 19 1788, traveling for 250 days. On board, there were 210 male convicts but there were no females. The master of The Prince Of Whales was Captain John Marshall. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13 1787 and arrived on January 19 1788, traveling for 250 days. On board, there were no male convicts but there were 100 females. THE GOLDEN GROVE The Golden Grove was a storeship. The Master of this ship is William Sharp. There were no crew on this ship either. It departed on May 13th and arrived on January 20th, traveling for 252 days. The Fishburn was a storeship. The Master of this ship is Robert Brown. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13th and arrived on January 20th, traveling for 252 days. HMS SUPPLY The HMS Sirius was the flag ship of the fleet. The Master of this ship was Captain John Hunter. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13th and arrived on January 18th, traveling for 250 days. HMS SIRIUS THE BORROWDALE The Fishburn was a storeship. The Master of this ship is Houston Reed. There were no crew on this ship. It departed on May 13th and arrived on January 20th, traveling for 252 days.
The Assimilation policy was basically the white Australians were trying to make Aboriginals act like white Australians and make them dress like white Australians. The Aboriginals were not allowed to dance or do their Corroborees gatherings. In the late 1970’s the Australian Government moved all of the Aboriginals out of the mission camp and moved them into houses in town, the white Australians basically expected all of the Aboriginals to pick up how to use the houses in a 'proper manner' without teaching them how to use or look after the land properly, they also didn't teach the Aboriginals how to us the electrical supplies within the house either. Jessica is an Aboriginal Australian and she is as singer and song writer. Her mother was an Aboriginal Australian, her father is an Indonesian Timorese her mother died when she was 10 and her father ran away from her and her sisters.
Jessica is a proud Aboriginal and she acknowledges this publically and shows it by talking about herself and her families background at live shows and interviews. Jessica is a good example because she isn't affraid to show the world who she really is. JESSICA MAUBOY The Myall Creek Massacre was a fight that happened between eleven Europeans and around thirty five Aboriginals. The Aboriginals were part of the Kamilaroi tribe. It happened around fifty years after European settlement when the Aboriginals charged seven Europeans with murder and they were hanged. MYAL CREEK MASSACRE When the convicts, soldiers and settlers from the first fleet came to Australia, they diseases with them that the aboriginals didn't have the immune system to block. Some of the diseases were small pox, chicken pox, typhoid, flu, measles, german measles, whooping cough, scarlet fever and tuberculosis. WHAT EFFECTS DID EUROPEAN SETTLEMENT HAVE ON THE INDIGENOUS? Sorry Day
National Sorry Day is held on May the 26th each year. National sorry day is where the Australians recognise the “Stolen Generation.”
National sorry day is not a public holiday in Australia.
The first national sorry day was held on May the 26 1998. This was held after the removal of aboriginal children who were taken from their families.
The children that were taken away from their families we called as the “stolen Generation.” SORRY DAY Our Prime Minister (Kevin Rudd) on February the 13th 2008 apologised to Australia’s Indigenous people, but mainly the “Stolen Generation and their families for the loss and grief it has caused their families
You will often see the Torres Strait Islanders flag on National sorry day.
The Torres Strait Islanders flag has three horizontal stripes, with green at the top and bottom of the flag and blue between, divided by thin black lines. Dhari (Traditional head piece) sits in the middle of the flag with a five-point star underneath it.
The colour green on the flag represents the land. The black represents the people and the blue represents the sea. The five-point star symbolizes the islands group. The star is white which symbolises peace in this case. The Torres Strait Islanders flag was designed by Bernard Namok. National Reconciliation Week is about relationships shared by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and other Australians coming together. Reconciliation began in 1993. May 27 and June 3 are important dates in Australia’s history. May 27 marks the anniversary of the 1967 referendum when Australians voted to remove clauses in the Australian Constitution that discriminated against Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. The day before National Reconciliation Week, 26 May, is National Sorry Day, which was held in Sydney in 1998 and is now commemorated nationally to remember and honor the Stolen Generation. June 3 marks the historic 1992 Mabo decision in which the High Court of Australia recognized native title—the recognition that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples’ rights over their lands did survive British colonization. 2012 will mark the 20th anniversary of the Mabo decision copied and the 45th anniversary of the 1967 referendum.
Taken from the “Reconciliation Kit Week 2001.”
Closing the gap aims to address the disadvantage between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islanders and other Australians. Closing the Gap is trying to help aboriginals and Torres Strait Islanders with their life expectancy rate, child mortality rate and a better life and education. In 2008, babies born from Indigenous women weighed almost 200 grams less than those born from non-Indigenous women. Babies born from Indigenous women were twice as likely to be of low birth weight (less than 2,500 grams) than were those born to non-Indigenous women. CLOSING THE GAP Low birth weight can increase the risk of a child developing health problems. Indigenous people are much more likely than non-Indigenous people to die before they are old. The most recent estimates from the ABS show that an Indigenous male born in 2005-2007 was likely to live to 67 years, about 11.5 years less than a non-Indigenous male (who could expect to live to 78 years). An Indigenous female born in 2005-2007 was likely to live to 72 years, which is almost 10 years less than a non-Indigenous woman (82.years).’ CLOSING THE GAP TABLES Because the Aborigines had all lived together for so long, they had no concept of ownership. They didn't understand why the white people couldn't just share all of their things or why they weren't allowed to just spear all the easy target livestock. This was one of the main reasons for conflict between the Whites and Aborigines. CONFLICT Reconciliation Graphs
Expectations of life at birth for Indigenous
and non-Indigenous males and females
2005-2007 RECONCILIATION WEEK RECONCILIATION WEEK When the Aborigines first saw the settlers coming in the ships, they believed them to be their ancestors coming back as ghosts.
After figuring out they were not ghosts, they were prepared to live peacefully with them as long as the two groups stayed out of each others way and respected each others land. AT A GLANCE LIFE
EXPECTANCY PERCENTAGE OF POPULATION WITH DIABETES PERCENTAGE OF POPULATON WITH ILLNESSES