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What is Scabies?
Transcript of What is Scabies?
The itch mite's eggs cause bumps on the skin to appear.
These rashes can be very irritating and itchy.
What is Scabies?
Scabies has been around for 2,500 years.
Before the 17th century, it went by many names.
During this time, scabies was a very common disease.
The earliest known drawings of the itch mite were created by the discoverers of the disease, Giovan Cosimo Bonomo and Diacinto Cestoni.
Some famously wealthy historical figures were diagnosed with scabies.
History of Scabies
Irritation of the skin
Visible burrows in the skin
Scabies affects the integumentary system.
Scabies can affect anyone, regardless of the race, age, or gender.
Intense itching can cause stretch marks, scabs, bleeding, and lack of sleep.
If the skin is scratched too much, it could become infected with other diseases.
How Does Scabies Affect the Body?
Scabies is a highly contagious disease.
Scabies can be easily spread through household members.
It can be considered an STD.
This disease can be spread indirectly.
How Can Someone Get Scabies?
The intense itching caused by scabies can cause a lack of sleep.
The bumps and rashes can cause self- consciousness.
A person might wear long sleeved shirts and long pants to hide the bumps on their skin.
Other people may avoid participating in activities that require them to bear skin.
How Does Scabies Affect Your Life?
Scabies is diagnosed based on the appearance and placement of the rash on your body.
Dermatologists identify the mite, mite eggs, or mite feces in the skin.
They either remove the mite from its burrow, or loo at a skin scraping from under a microscope.
How is Scabies Diagnosed?
Medicine for scabies isn't too expensive, compared to other diseases.
However, it is likely that you won’t be buying just one prescription medicine for yourself.
Avoid being in physical contact often with someone who has scabies.
Do not touch any items belonging to a person infected with scabies
Never participate in unprotected sex with a person diagnosed with scabies.
NEVER PARTICIPATE IN UNPROTECTED SEX WITH
IF YOU DO NOT KNOW WHETHER OR NOT THEY HAVE SCABIES. NOT ONLY DOES THIS GO FOR SCABIES, THIS ALSO GOES FOR
ANY STD WHATSOEVER
. WEAR PROTECTION.
"Scabies." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Yamini Durani. The Nemours Foundation, 01 May 2011. Web. 18 Feb. 2014.
Stöppler, Melissa Conrad. "Scabies Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Home Remedies, Medication - MedicineNet." MedicineNet. MedicineNet, n.d. Web. 18 Feb. 2014.
"Scabies Causes, Symptoms, Treatments, Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, 14 Mar. 2011. Web. 18 Feb. 2014.
"Scabies Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 02 Nov. 2010. Web. 06 Mar. 2014.
Scabies is a disease that affects the integumentary system, causing itchy bumps and rashes to appear on the skin. It is caused by the human itch mite, which burrows into the epidermis where it lays eggs that will eventually hatch and move on to a new host. Scabies is highly contagious, and can be spread by having physical contact with an infected person, or touching any of their belongings. Unprotected sex is also another way for scabies to be spread. A dermatologist can diagnose someone with scabies by identifying the mite, its eggs, or its feces. Once a person is infected with scabies, they will experience intense itching in the hands, feet, armpit, breasts, buttocks, and genitals. If itched too much, the skin can cause stretch marks, scabs, and bleeding. Lack of sleep, self-consciousness, and depression are all effects of having scabies. Crusted (Norwegian) scabies is a severe form of scabies that is caused by extremely large amounts of mites and mite eggs in the skin. The treatment for scabies usually comes in the form of cream or lotion, but sometimes a dermatologist can prescribe oral medication instead. In order to avoid contracting scabies, you can avoid coming in direct physical contact with someone who has scabies, or any of their belongings. You can also avoid participating in unprotected sex with someone if they are diagnosed with scabies, or if you are unsure whether or not they have the disease. This applies to any STD, not just scabies.
Crusted (Norwegian) Scabies
A severe form of scabies
It is caused by extremely large amounts of mites and their eggs the skin.
Norwegian Scabies is very contagious.
However, it doesn't share the same characteristics as the less severe form.
Where Scabies Affects the Body
Itch Mite Life Cycle
"Scabies Homepage." Scabies Homepage. Stanford, n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.
Ramos-e-Silva, Marcia. "Giovan Cosimo Bonomo (1663-1696): Discoverer of the Etiology of Scabies." Giovan Cosimo Bonomo (1663-1696): Discoverer of the Etiology of Scabies. N.p., 20 Mar. 1997. Web. 19 Feb. 2014.
"Condition Care Guide." Treating Scabies. Weil Lifestyle, n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2014.
"Diseases & Conditions." Cleveland Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2014
• American Medical Association. "Infections and Diseases Spread by Animal Bites." American Medical Association Family Medical Guide. 4th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, 2004. 938-39. Print.
How Much does Living with Scabies Cost?
Scabicides are products used to kill scabies mites.
Treatments for scabies are usually lotions or creams.
Treatment for a household infected with scabies should be done at the same time.
With treatment, scabies should be gone after 2-4 weeks.
By: Destinee Thom
AOI: Heath and Social Education