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Greek City States

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Claire H.

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Greek City States

Structure of the buildings such as...
Greek City States
By: Claire Hiu #12
Building Structures
The building structures in Greece were simple, but precise. All of the artists wanted every piece of art to have an 'ideal', or to have a perfect form. Columns were commonly used in buildings, especially temples. There were three types of columns. Doric columns were the simplest design with a flat top, not to mention the most used in greek buildings. Corinthian columns were the least used columns, and have fancy designs on the top. The Romans copied this design when they conquered Greece. Ionic columns had a scroll-like top. Buildings were usually made out of stone, and had many steps. The agora were used to place temples and for marketplaces. The acropolis was built on elevated ground and used for defensive military purposes.
Trade for the greek city-states were different. Today, people usually use over-land or air plane transportation. Back then, Greeks couldn't use over-land trade because of the geography, and they also couldn't use air travel because there was no such thing. The Greeks used marine travel to get to other places. The Greeks were people who were experienced with sailing and fishing. Some battles against neighboring enemies, like the Persians, were won by sea. Trade over sea was also good for them because they had a supply of food ready to catch. Fish! They could also catch fish over sea and when they stop, sell the fish too.
The Peloponnnesian War
The Peloponnesian War was the second stage of large warfare for Greece; and its last. The last war was Persia against Greece, but this time- Sparta against Athens. Athens was becoming more powerful and evolving from a city-state, to a naval empire under the leadership of Pericles, a powerful speaker and leader. Sparta felt threatened and what mainly started the war was: 1. Athenian citizens moving into other city-states, 2. Athens gaining more military and economical power, and 3. Pericles pulled money out of the Delian League bank, money that was supposed to be for protection for all city-states. Both had different strategies. Athens was to rely on naval power and stay inside the city walls. Sparta's was to rely on military power and burn the countryside. In the end, Sparta won because a fast spreading deadly plague broke out in Athens, and ironically, Pericles died. King Philip II of Macedonia wanted to build an empire, and saw the weakened city-states. He defeated Greece in
such as... The AGORA and The ACROPOLIS
The Different Political Systems
In Greek city-states, there quite a few political systems. Monarchy, oligarchy (aristocracy) , tyranny, and democracy. Monarchy is when a series of rulers from the same family rule the same throne. Oligarchy means "ruled by the few". Rich families controlled the state, and most citizens couldn't take part in governmental activities. Democracy is when the people elect their leader, and means "ruled by the people". This system was used most by Athens. The 2 types of democracy are direct democracy, and representative democracy. Direct democracy is when the citizens directly vote. Representative democracy is when each state elects a representative to bring the majority of their vote to the election. This is used by the U.S. Tyranny is when a powerful dictator, or a tyrant, rules. A tyrant is someone who has seized power without legal rights. Tyrants were not always bad. For example, citizens who want to get rid of their ruler can succeed through tyranny.
What you
Will Learn
You will learn about the following:
The Persian War
The Peloponnesian War
The Different Political Systems
The Persian War
The first stage of large warfare for the Greek city-states...
The Persian War was when the city-states and Persia declared war. Persia was expanding its empire and conquering more and more lands. Their army was strong and large, even larger than all of the Greek city-states. This war had its negatives, but was actually good for one reason. Yeah, many people would look at anyone who agrees with this and says "you're crazy". But this war was the reason the city-states cooperated and united for the first time; even though this was temporarily, but still. Unfortunately, even though this was the first time, it was also the last. A new war would start later, but this time, between the city-states which led to Greece's downfall.
Main Idea
Sparta and Athens
Sparta and Athens
Sparta and Athens were the most powerful city-states of that time on the Peloponnesus. Athens was more about education and was practically a learning center. Sparta was more about building a strong military, or an over-land army. As you will learn about the geography in Ancient Greece, you will learn that the geography made the city-states independent. Both city-states competed for more power and resources thus the rivalry. The only time they have ever worked together was in the Persian War, and that wasn't even by will. Later on, they fought in the Peloponnesian War against each other. Sparta won, but the war lead to all of the Greek city-states downfall to Macedonia due to their weakened state.
Greek city-states became common in Greece around 700 B.C. The word city-state in Greek was polis. Most of the city-states were small because the geography of Greece limited their size in growth. Most Greek city-states had fewer than 20,000 residents. Since the city-states were fairly small, the people living in each one formed a close community. Due to the geography (which was mainly rocky), each city-state became independent and many became rivals of each other. The largest city-states were Athens and Sparta.
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