Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Copy of Properties of Matter

The physical and chemical properties of matter
by

Brandon Collins

on 16 October 2013

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Copy of Properties of Matter

Properties of Matter
Matter
- has mass and takes up space, made up of atoms and molecules
Matter
Mixtures
Pure Substances
- has mass and takes up space, made up of atoms and molecules
Homogeneous Mixtures
Heterogeneous Mixtures
Solutions
Elements
Compounds
- looks like one substance
- homogeneous
- Example: _______
- simplest form
- cannot be broken down
- Example: _______
- made up of 2 or more elements
- can be broken down chemically
- Example: _______
Physical Properties of Matter
- A physical property of matter is a characteristic or description of the substance that may help to identify it.
-Your senses can help you identify it.
For example: Sodium is a silvery metal.
Physical Properties of Matter
Color
Texture
Smell
Luster
Clarity
Taste
The States of Matter
1) Solid, Liquid, Gas, (Plasmas)
Hardness

Resistance of a solid to being scratched or dented
Example: diamond is harder than glass
Glass tiles are cut using water and diamond encrusted blades
Malleability

Ability of a metal to be hammered or bent into different shapes
Example: Aluminum foil is easily bent
Chromium metal bent into different shapes
Ductility
Ability of a metal to be pulled into wires
Example: Copper is very ductile and is commonly used for electrical wiring
Melting and Boiling Points
Temperature at which substances change state
Water changes from solid to a liquid at 0ºC or 32ºF
Crystal Form (Crystalline Solids)
The solid form taken by many minerals. Each mineral usually takes a characteristic pattern
Salt Crystals usually look like tiny cubes
Solubility
The ability of a substance to dissolve in a solvent
Example: Sugar is soluble in water
Viscosity
How easy a liquid flows
Example: The thicker the liquid, the slower it flows and is more viscous. Corn syrup is viscous
Density
The amount of matter per unit volume
Density = mass/volume
Example: Lead is very dense, feathers are not dense
Conductivity
If a substance is able to conduct heat or electricity.
Conductor – able to conduct
Insulator – has little or no conductivity
Example: most metals, copper is very good
Example: styrofoam, glass
CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF MATTER
A Chemical Property of a substance describes the behavior of a substance as it becomes a
new
substance
Combustibility
The ability of a substance to react with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy
Gasoline is very combustible or flammable. Water is nonflammable.
Reaction with Acid
The ability of a substance to react with acids to produce a gas

Example: Zinc reacts with acid to produce bubbles of gas.
Other Examples Include:
Absorbs heat as it changes
Forms gas when heated
Reacts with water
Emits heat during a change
Emits light during a change
Forms a solid in a solution
The States of Matter
Solid, Liquid, Gas, (Plasmas)
Solar plasmas of Jupiter
Full transcript