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Copy of Properties of Matter

The physical and chemical properties of matter

Brandon Collins

on 16 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Properties of Matter

Properties of Matter
- has mass and takes up space, made up of atoms and molecules
Pure Substances
- has mass and takes up space, made up of atoms and molecules
Homogeneous Mixtures
Heterogeneous Mixtures
- looks like one substance
- homogeneous
- Example: _______
- simplest form
- cannot be broken down
- Example: _______
- made up of 2 or more elements
- can be broken down chemically
- Example: _______
Physical Properties of Matter
- A physical property of matter is a characteristic or description of the substance that may help to identify it.
-Your senses can help you identify it.
For example: Sodium is a silvery metal.
Physical Properties of Matter
The States of Matter
1) Solid, Liquid, Gas, (Plasmas)

Resistance of a solid to being scratched or dented
Example: diamond is harder than glass
Glass tiles are cut using water and diamond encrusted blades

Ability of a metal to be hammered or bent into different shapes
Example: Aluminum foil is easily bent
Chromium metal bent into different shapes
Ability of a metal to be pulled into wires
Example: Copper is very ductile and is commonly used for electrical wiring
Melting and Boiling Points
Temperature at which substances change state
Water changes from solid to a liquid at 0ºC or 32ºF
Crystal Form (Crystalline Solids)
The solid form taken by many minerals. Each mineral usually takes a characteristic pattern
Salt Crystals usually look like tiny cubes
The ability of a substance to dissolve in a solvent
Example: Sugar is soluble in water
How easy a liquid flows
Example: The thicker the liquid, the slower it flows and is more viscous. Corn syrup is viscous
The amount of matter per unit volume
Density = mass/volume
Example: Lead is very dense, feathers are not dense
If a substance is able to conduct heat or electricity.
Conductor – able to conduct
Insulator – has little or no conductivity
Example: most metals, copper is very good
Example: styrofoam, glass
A Chemical Property of a substance describes the behavior of a substance as it becomes a
The ability of a substance to react with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide, water and energy
Gasoline is very combustible or flammable. Water is nonflammable.
Reaction with Acid
The ability of a substance to react with acids to produce a gas

Example: Zinc reacts with acid to produce bubbles of gas.
Other Examples Include:
Absorbs heat as it changes
Forms gas when heated
Reacts with water
Emits heat during a change
Emits light during a change
Forms a solid in a solution
The States of Matter
Solid, Liquid, Gas, (Plasmas)
Solar plasmas of Jupiter
Full transcript