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Tribal Sovereignty

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on 24 May 2014

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Transcript of Tribal Sovereignty

Looking back Review
Indian Reorganization Act- 1934- tribal governments dictated by US
Joint Resolution 108 1953- List of tribes that met criteria (self-sustaining) drafted
American Indian Policy Commission 1973- Investigation of status of tribes

Lets take a look at these issues within the Confederated tribes of Siletz
Early Contact
Lewis and Clark's journey to our lands sparked an increased interest in the occupation of our country by U.S. citizens. There was still a dispute between the United States and the British over who had rights to claim our lands, so for a period, there was a recognized joint occupation of our lands by those two nations. The occupation was primarily and almost exclusively for fur trade purposes.

Early Exploration
It doesn't appear that our ancestors resisted settlement to the point that they thought that all foreigners needed to be kept out, but instead tried to accommodate settlers who were respectful. However, each year our people grew weaker in number as the strangers grew stronger in number and presence. The signing of a treaty between Great Britain and the United States in 1846, and the subsequent establishment Oregon Territory, & a provisional government as a part of the United States would change the form and direction that all future encroachment on our homelands would take.
"Treaty with the Rogue River"
our ancestors agreed to cede (relinquish to the United States) title to the entire upper Rogue Valley. Our people reserved, however, the right to remain on a temporary reservation within that ceded area, until a permanent reservation was selected & made "by the direction of the President".
The Early Treaty Making Period of 1851
in 1851, Dart conducted treaty meetings in the northern Willamette Valley, along the lower Columbia River down to Tillamook Bay, & from Sixes River to the mouth of the Rogue. Under these treaties, each tribe refused to conform to Congress' plan for them. Each group was willing to cede the majority of their territory, but insisted on permanently reserving a piece of their home country for themselves, & reserved the right to fish in all usual & accustomed areas.
The U.S. Senate refused to take action on the treaties that Dart had negotiated in 1851.
Tribal Sovereignty
Issues today

Creating the Coast (Siletz) Reservation
The Coast Treaty described a reservation containing approximately 800,000 acres, original request for a reservation included a total of about 1,100,000 acres.
Finally, all of the correspondence and comments on Palmer's original request fell into place, and the Coast Reservation was established by an Executive Order signed by President Franklin Pierce November 9, 1855.
Elements of Sovereignty
Land ownership
Tribal Courts
Economic Development
Water Rights
Cultural Issues
Social Issues
Rooted in Historical Past .
Small Population (2000 census .08%)
Land jurisdiction complicated
"We, the great mass of the people think only of the love we have for our land, we do love the land where we were brought up. We will never let our hold to this land go, to let it go it will be like throwing away (our) mother that gave (us) birth.". - Letter from Aitooweyah to John Ross, Principal Chief of the Cherokee.
How are indigenous people exercising sovereignty today?
The exercise of Indigenous sovereignty is, on its face, a straight forward proposition. It can be as simple as the individual exercise of a collective Indigenous right such aThes hunting, fishing or gathering. On a far larger scale is the exercise of Indigenous sovereignty at the level of Nationhood.
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