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Catcher in the Rye

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Adriana Alba

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of Catcher in the Rye

by J.D. Salinger The Catcher in the Rye SWBAT: Identify the story's protagonist and narrator, setting, and basic situation by completing analysis map. CHAPTER 1-3 SWBAT identify theme communicated by events and complications in Chapters 18-21 by completing analysis map and progress check. Chapter 18-21 Based on the vocabulary words and their denotations and connotations, what predictions can you make about what will take place in Chapters 14-17? Chapter 14-17 Chapter 22-26 Unit Goal: Students will provide evidence of standards mastery by writing a literary analysis essay that identifies how J.D. Salinger uses parts of plot, characterization, and narrator to communicate a "universal message." Pre-Reading: Students will be able to write a letter of introduction to Ms. Alba and begin to explore the novel's topic of adolescence by completing a circle map, completing an adolescence questionnaire, and participating in lines of communication exercise. Pre-Reading: Students will pre-assess proficiency level by reviewing Unit Pre-Tes and explore the novel's historical context and develop background knowledge of its story by completing a websearch activity. FIRST: YOU FILL in the Circle with words, pictures, sentences, or events that make YOU who YOU are! THEN, Pre-Reading Questionnaire FINALLY, 1. Answer questionnaire
2. Lines of Communication DEAR MS. ALBA Use your questionnaire to write
a letter of introduction to Ms. ALba First, Then, Finally, Proficiency Pre-Assessment Catcher in the Rye Background Summarize Obituary by completing Summary Template. 1. IN PODS, create a test key
for UNIT PRE-Assessment
2. Grade Peers PRE-Assessment
3. Writing Proficiency and Feedback. PERFECT SCORE = 5 ADVANCED
17-20= 4 PROFICIENT
13-16= 3 BASIC
9-12= 2 BELOW BASIC
8-0= 1 FAR BELOW BASIC Proficient Summary
The story titled "Distillation by Hugo Martinez-Serros explores the relationship between parent and child. The exposition introduces the story's setting as the father takes his sons to work in a dump. Complications arise as a disastrous storm takes the family by surprise and large pieces of hail fall over to hurt children. The climax is a powerful example that illustrates a father's care and devotion for the safety of his sons as he uses his own body to shelter his children and prevent the storm from hurting them. Finally, the story's resolution confirms the value of a father's love for his kids.

What could this student do to shows advanced proficiency in this summary?

FEEDBACK: What could your peer do to improve their summary?
* More specific topic sentence?
* Add more details?
* More specific concluding sentece?
* Better grammar and/or spelling
* Practice using the template to improve organization and academic tone? 1. Watch Video on J.D. Salinger.
2. As you watch the video on J.D. Salinger add details that you learn about the author by in a CIRCLE MAP.
3. Use PARAGRAPH FRAMES to write a paragraph that describes J.D. Salinger and his background. J.D. Salinger _______can be described as ______.
He was born________ and spent most of his life________. While ________, he became interested in ________. Additionally, ________________. His works attempt to ______________ by _______________. A flashback is a stylistic device used by authors when they would like to reveal how past events influenced or motivated the events taking place in the story. Hugo Martinez-Serros uses flashback throughout the entirely of his short story "Distillation". This stylistic decision by the author allows the reader to reflect on the lifelong effect that the father's selflessness and devotion had on his children. Looking back on the father's actions during a torrential storm makes it obvious that his primary concern throughout his life was his children's well-being and that he would put his physical body at risk for the sake of their safety. The importance of father-figures and male role models stand as the central theme of the story as the narrator is clearly recalling these events as a grown man reflecting on the wounds inflicted by that sudden storm upon his father's body. FEEDBACK: What could you peer do to improve their written analysis?
* Re-read the prompt so you understand what it is asking.
* Include the topic sentence to integrate prompt's key signal words.
* Find more specific details
* Add analysis! Explain what the details reveal.
* Watch out for spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors.
* Use GUIDING QUESTIONS to organize your writing. Students will explore the novel's historical context and develop background knowledge of its story by completing a CIRCLE MAP while watching a biofilm on J.D. Salinger, writing a SUMMARY of a biography.com article, and writing research questions for a websearch activity. J.D. Salinger Websearch A B C D Who? What When Where Why? Last name, First name. "Article Title." Website Title.
Publisher of Website, Day Month Year article was published. Web. Day Month Year article was accessed. <URL>. PREDICT Based on the vocabulary words and their denotations and connotations, what predictions can you make about what will take place in Chapters 1-4? QUESTION 1. Who is the protagonist/ narrator? Describe his character traits.
2. What is the story's setting? Where is the protagonist when the story begins?
3. What are the internal/ external conflicts that the protagonist faces. MONITOR: When the narrator states, "I'll just tell you about his madman stuff that happened to me around last Christmas just before I got pretty run down nd had to come out here and take it easy (p. 1)." reveals/ demonstrates/ shows that he is the protagonist or main character and that he seems to be at a place that helps him "take it easy". MONITOR: When the narrator states, "They gave me frequent warning to start applying myself-- especially around midterms, when my parents came up for a conference with old Thurmer-- but I didn't do it. So I got the ax (p. 4)." reveals/ demonstrates/ shows ___________________________. MONITOR: When the narrator states, ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ reveals/ demonstrates/ shows ___________________________. EVALUATE TOPIC: Who is the story's narrator/ protagonist? What are his character traits?
INTRODUCE EVIDENCE: What does his style of writing reveal about him?
EVIDENCE: What is the story's BASIC SITUATION? What events in the story does the narrator use to describe his personality/ attitude toward those around him?
ANALYZE: What do these events reveal about his attitude toward school/ people around him?
COMMENTARY: Holden is critical of many things and uses phony to express his criticism. What does he mean by this word? What does his frequent use of this word reveal about him? Creative Writing Exercise #1:
Stream of Consciousness Discussion:
Have you ever noticed that one memory leads to another, which leads to another? This is called
memory association and it is what Holden does throughout most of the novel.
Sometimes two ideas that have nothing to do with each other can be connected. For example,
trees make me think of my dad; that’s because he has always worked doing something with trees: Nursery work and landscaping.

What do you think of when I say Birthday?

What about Balloon? Journal/Activity

I will give you a topic and a time limit to write. During that time you will write what memories you associate with that topic.
FOR EXAMPLE: TREES
Trees make me think of palm trees which remind me of my dad which makes me think of the family laughing together sundays under a shade and the smoke from barbecue which makes me think of the long lines at the meat department at Northgate Market which makes me think of my brother getting arrested and crying about it on Christmas Eve...

You will not stop writing even if you feel stuck, you may continue writing about that feeling exactly. Keep going with a pattern like this until I say stop. You in a paperbag... Take a minute to list all your most prized possessions. Choose one of the objects in your list that you feel best represents you. a) Describe the object’s appearance.
b) What word would you use to describe the object’s color and a word to
describe the texture? (two words)
c) Where was the object last seen? (more than two words)
d) Me or I
e) What is your full name and age?
f) Write two words that physically describe you.
g) Why did you buy that object?
h) Write three personality traits that describe you. Example:

An old hunting jacket
Orange and wooly,
On the back of a chair,
My Granddad.

Joe MacNeil in his 50’s
Old and grey,
Hunting,
Strong, caring, and responsible. SWBAT: Describe the effect of Holden Caulfield's character traits and motivation how these lead to complications by completing Circle and Analysis map. CHAPTER 5-9 PREDICT Based on the vocabulary words and their denotations and connotations, what predictions can you make about what will take place in Chapters 5-9? QUESTION 1. Who is Ally and why is his baseball mitt so special to Holden? what does this reveal about his motivations?
2. Why is Holden so concerned about what happened with Jane Gallagher and Stradlater? What does this reveal about his character traits/motivation?
3. Who is Mrs. Morrow and what are some of the lies Holden tells her?
4. Where is Holden at Chapter 9 and what are his opinions of the people he meets there? MONITOR: When the narrator states, I slept in the garage the night he died, and I broke all the goddam windwos with my first, just for the hell of it. reveals/ demonstrates/ shows MONITOR: When the narrator states, reveals/ demonstrates/ shows ___________________________. MONITOR: When the narrator states, ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ reveals/ demonstrates/ shows ___________________________. EVALUATE TOPIC: Who is the story's narrator/ protagonist? What are his character traits?
INTRODUCE EVIDENCE: What does his style of writing reveal about him?
EVIDENCE: What is the story's BASIC SITUATION? What events in the story does the narrator use to describe his personality/ attitude toward those around him?
ANALYZE: What do these events reveal about his attitude toward school/ people around him?
COMMENTARY: Holden is critical of many things and uses phony to express his criticism. What does he mean by this word? What does his frequent use of this word reveal about him? Holden Caulfield By completing circle map SWBAT describe Who is Ally and why is his baseball mitt so special to Holden? what does this reveal about his motivations? Stream of Consciousness Project #2
SWBAT write a narrative composition describing development of personality and attitude by completing in authentic voice by editing stream of consciousness draft. Kindergarten was ... In elementary school I liked/ didn't like school ... I have always/ never liked school... When I grew up I wanted to be... Junior High... When I started high school... Today, I am...
Today, I know...
Today, I want... I fear...
I admire...
I detest... When I graduate... TEEN BEHAVING BADLY...

When The Catcher in the Rye first came out in the early 1950's, readers were shocked by Holden Caufield's character. He didn't speak, act, or think in ways that were considered appropriate for proper young men in psotwar American. Decades later, troubled or rule-breaking adolescents are no longer news; in fact such characters have become the norm.

In what ways is Holden Caulfield's character or behavior similar from real-life teen behavior today? What do you think causes this behavior? Is it human nature or is it the expectation communicated by society and our culture? Provide examples from your own experience. SWBAT: Describe the effect of Holden Caulfield's voice and narration affect characterization by completing Circle and Analysis map. CHAPTER 10-13 PREDICT Based on the vocabulary words and their denotations and connotations, what predictions can you make about what will take place in Chapters 10-13? QUESTION 1. Who is Phoebe?
2. Identify Bernice, Marty and Laverne.
3. Describe Holden's relationship with Jane Gallagher.
4. Why did Holden have to leave Ernie's?
5. What do we learn about Holden from his diversion about his gloves being stolen at Pencey?
6. What was the "big mess" Holden got into when he got back to the hotel after being at Ernie's? MONITOR: When the narrator states, You should see her. You never saw a little kid so pretty and smart in your whole life (p. 67) reveals/ demonstrates/ shows MONITOR: When the narrator states, reveals/ demonstrates/ shows ___________________________. MONITOR: When the narrator states, ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ reveals/ demonstrates/ shows ___________________________. EVALUATE TOPIC: What effect does the first person narrator have on readers' view of subordinate characters?
INTRODUCE EVIDENCE: What character traits does he view as phony? What character traits does he admire?
EVIDENCE: Provide specific examples of people he considers "phony" or "admirable"
ANALYZE: What do his descriptions of these characters reveal about the narrator?
COMMENTARY: What do the descriptions and tone toward subordinate characters reveal about the narrator? Can you trust what he says about himself or others? Why or why not? How does the story's first person narration affect how view events in the story? How would they be different if told by another point of view such as omniscient or third person limited? Stream of Consciousness Project #2
SWBAT write a narrative composition describing development of personality and attitude by completing in authentic voice by editing stream of consciousness draft. Kindergarten was ... In elementary school I liked/ didn't like school ... I have always/ never liked school... When I grew up I wanted to be... Junior High... When I started high school... Today, I am...
Today, I know...
Today, I want... I fear...
I admire...
I detest... When I graduate... SWBAT: Identify the theme conveyed by events which take place in Chapters 14-17 by completing Analysis map. PREDICT Questions 1. Why did Maurice hit Holden?
2. Holden said he felt like committing suicide. Why didn't he?

3. Why did Holden check out of the hotel, and where did he go?
4. Who did Holden meet at the "little sandwich bar" after he locked his bags at the station? What did they talk about?
5. What record did Holden get for Phoebe? Why?
6. What made Holden "not so depressed anymore" on his way to the record store?
7. Why did Holden like the museum so much?
8. How did Holden's feelings for Sally change from the beginning of the date to the end? MONITOR ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ When Holden states, This reveals _________________. MONITOR ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ When Holden states, This reveals _________________. MONITOR ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ When Holden states, This reveals _________________. EVALUATE How do events in Chapter 14-17 help readers understand Holden's obsession with "phonies" and his concerns for his sister through events in Chapters 14-17? Questions 1. What did Holden think of the show at Radio City?
2. Why did Holden call Carl Luce even though he didn't like him much?
3. What did Holden and Luce discuss?
4. Why did Holden go home so early (before Wednesday)?
5. What was Phoebe's reaction when she first saw Holden? What was her reaction when she found out that he had been expelled? PREDICT Based on the vocabulary words and their denotations and connotations, what predictions can you make about what will take place in Chapters 18-21? MONITOR ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ When Holden states, This reveals _________________. MONITOR ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ When Holden states, This reveals _________________. MONITOR ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ When Holden states, This reveals _________________. SWBAT identify theme communicated by events and complications in Chapters 22-26 by completing analysis map and progress check. Based on the vocabulary words and their denotations and connotations, what predictions can you make about what will take place in Chapters 22-26? PREDICT QUESTIONS Chapters 22-26
1. What was Holden's reply when Phoebe asked him why he "got the ax again"?
2. Identify James Castle.
3. Why did Holden go to Mr. Antolini's house?
4. Why did Holden leave Mr. Antolini's home before morning?
5. What advice did Mr. Antolini give Holden?
6. How did Phoebe surprise Holden? What was Holden's reaction?
7. Why did Holden sit on the bench in the rain even though it was coming down in buckets?
8. How did Holden explain his catcher in the rye daydream? MONITOR Find a quote that reveals Holden's state of mind, character changes, or complications that are beginning to communicate the novel's theme. EVALUATE A. What is the novel's resolution? B. What is revealed about Holden through the novel's resolution?
C. What theme or idea do the changes undergone by Holden communicate about adolescence, youth, American youth culture or the human experience in general?
D. Is Salinger's depiction of adolescence still relate to youth today?
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