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World War II
Transcript of World War II
World War II
Other Countries that were part of the Axis
What started the war in the Pacific and Europe?
What countries were alliances and enemies, and what caused them to got to war?
Richard Lawson- World War II veteran
Videos in the WWII exhibit in the Museum of Flight
Museum of Flight- World War II exhibit
John Gaither- Museum of Flight, World War II exhibit volunteer
Germany- Adolf Hitler led the National Socialist German Workers' (Nazi) Party. Hitler ended parliamentary government and assumed he had dictatorial power. The Nazi government increased the strength of German armed forces in order to recover lost territory during World War I. Hitler persuaded the people that the Germans were the superior race in Europe and all other
races are not important.
Italy- Benito Mussolini
Italy wanted to take over the Mediterranean Sea.
Japan- Emperor Hirohito
Japan wanted to take over Eastern Asia and the Pacific.
Despite the partnership these countries developed, the institutions to organize and bring together their foreign or military police in comparison to how the Allies had done brought challenges. However, the Axis partners eventually achieved their goal to gather, establish and use foreign or the police force by coming into agreement of the following:
The three primary partners: Germany, Italy and Japan joined forces and called themselves the Axis~Tripartite Pact
*conquer more land
*solidify the grounds of empires based on the victors of the military and the downfall "of the post-World War I international order
*take advantage of the devastation or neutralizing the "Soviet Communism"
Japan wanted to be the superior race in the Pacific.
Hungary was the fourth country to sign the Tripartite Pact. Hungary played a huge role in the
invasion of Russia and fought alongside
Finland never signed the Tripartite Pact, but Finland fought by the Axis side against Russia.
Countries switching sides
Bulgaria had the choice either joining the Axis or risking a German invasion in 1941. Bulgaria finally
joined the Axis when Hitler promised King
Boris that Bulgaria would gain territory that
was lost during WWI. Bulgaria was not
involved in heavy fighting, but the Nazi rewarded Bulgaria with land in Greece and Yugoslavia.
Bulgaria refused demand from the Nazi to hand over their Bulgarian Jews to concentration camps. Bulgaria also refused to go to war with Soviet Union
Russia was originally friends with Germany in the start of WWII. However in June 22, 1941, Hitler ordered a surprise attack on Russia because Hitler believed that Russia was eventually going to attack Germany.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
The U.S. tried to remain neutral during the war, but when Pearl Harbor was attacked by the Japanese army, the U.S. had no choice but to fight back.
Both France and Great Britain sworn to protect Poland. On September 3, 1939 (a few days after Germany invaded Poland), Great Britain and France joined the war.
Charles de Gaulle
Other Countries that were apart of the Allies
China- attacked by Japan in 1937, then joined the Allies in 1941 after the attack in Pearl Harbor
Poland- an invasion that started WWII by the Germans
Australia- attacked by Japanese aircraft bombing from the NW and submarines attacking Sydney Harbor
Both Australia and New Zealand were part of the British Empire, and wanted to fight along with Great Britain.
In November 1939, after
King Leopold of Belgians
Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands
received disturbing news by confidential transcriptions warning them that Hitler planned to invade in the next days or so---these two nations had no choice, but to defend these countries.
Major Events during WWII
July 7, 1937-Japan invades China, initiating WWII in the Pacific
Sept 1, 1939- Germany invades Poland. Opening of forced labor camps in Poland
Sept. 3, 1939- Britain and France declare war on Germany
Soviet Union invades Poland in the east, causing Poland to surrender
November 30, 1939–March 12, 1940- Soviet Union invades Finland initiating the Winter War
May 10, 1940–June 22, 1940 Germany attacks western Europe.
-Luxembourg is occupied on May 10
-Netherlands surrenders on May 14
-Belgium surrenders on May 28
-France signs an agreement with Germany that allowed Germany to
occupy the northern part.
June 21, 1940
Italy invades southern France
July 10, 1940–October 31, 1940
Battle of Britain (air war) ends in defeat for Germany
September 27, 1940
Germany, Italy and Japan sign the Tripartite Pact
June 22, 1941–November 1941
Germany and its Axis partners invade the Soviet Union.
December 7, 1941- Japan bombs Pearl Harbor
December 11–13, 1941-Germany and Axis partners declare war on the U.S.
June- British and U.S. navies stop the Japanese naval from continuing through the Pacific
August-November 1942- U.S. troops halt the Japanese from island hopping to Australia and the Solomon Islands
October 23–24, 1942- British troops defeat the Germans and Italians in Egypt, sending the Axis to retreat to Tunisia.
November 8-allies move swiftly to western Tunisia. Germans occupy southern France
July 10, 1943-U.S. and British troops land on Sicily. By mid-August, the allies controlled Sicily
July 25- Fascist Grand Council deposes Benito Mussolini. Italian Marshal Pietro Badoglio forms a new government.
September 8, 1943- Badoglio surrenders to the allies. Germany seize control of Rome and northern Italy
June 4- Allied troops liberate Rome
June 6- British and U.S. troops successfully land on Normandy Beach in France ("Second Front" with the Germans)
June 22-the Soviets had a massive offense in eastern Belarus, destroying German Army Group Center
Allied troops enter the French capital.
September- Allies reach the German border
December- all of France, most of Belgium and the southern part of the Netherlands are allied territory
September 12- Finland and the Soviets agree to stop fighting
April 16- the Soviet launch their final offensive encircling Berlin
April 30- Hitler commits suicide
August 6- the U.S. drops bombs in Hiroshima
September 2, 1945-
Japan formally surrenders, ending WWII
May 7- Germany surrenders to Western allies
May 9- Germany surrenders to the Soviets
December- Increasing the number of Prisoner-Of-War camps (POW)
Chelmno- first killing center
August 9- the U.S.drops an atomic bomb on Nagasaki
August 8- the Soviet Union declares war and invades Japan
Richard Lawson served in WWII for three years after he graduated high school. Richard was part of the 97th division, where he and the other soldiers went in combat in countries in Europe and the Pacific.
I met Richard Lawson in Springhill Florida during spring break when he caught my attention with his WWII hat. He was kind enough to allow me to interview him about his experience and knowledge about the war.