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Civil Rights Movement

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chris spence

on 6 October 2015

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Transcript of Civil Rights Movement

White Supremacy Counter Protests
Martin Luther King leads the movement
The First Large Rights Movement (1955)
The Power of KING (1963)
Rosa Parks refuses to give up seat to a white passenger
Martin Luther King forms bus boycott and labeled prominent leader for civil rights
MLK lead the largest protest to desegregate Birmingham, Al.

Propaganda forced Kennedy to take stronger role in civil rights legislation
$1.25
Tuesday, October 6, 2015
Vol XCIII, No. 311
The largest civil rights protest ever
The March on Washington
1954 Brown vs. Board of Education
1955-57 Montgomery bus boycott
1961 Freedom riders oppose segregation
1963 Desegregation drive in Birmingham
April 1963 Letter from Birmingham jail
June 1963 Segregation ends at UA
August 1963 March on Washington
November 1963 J.F.K assassinated
January 1964 24th Amendment passed
July 1964 Civil Rights Act passed
Summer 1964 Mississippi Summer Project
Aug. 1965 Voting Rights Act passed
Feb. 1965 Malcolm X assassinated
1967 Largest race riots ever (Detroit)
1968 Martin Luther King assassinated


Civil Rights Gazette
Civil Rights Movement Events
(1955-1968)

381 day boycott lead to:
development of Christian leadership conference
aimed to uses non violent direct action for the right to vote
momentum gained for large scale uprise
"You must never
be fearful about what
you are doing when
it is right"

-Rosa Parks
Organized white councils in the south
Anyone protesting for desegregation was killed or unable to attain a job
No federal government support for blacks from president Eisenhower
Interesting fact:
10 years after Brown vs. Board only 2.3% of blacks were enrolled in desegregated schools
1960 Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) formed by Ella Baker
Progressive Acts of SNCC
Lead the way in 1961 freedom rides (protests against segregate facilities on greyhound bus lines)
The Coming of SNCC


At first inexperienced, minimal organization, and no clear direction of party
Eventually became the radical wing of civil rights movement and birth of black power
Kennedy offers deals to SNCC to stop freedom rides
Told people to focus on voter registration in Mississippi with a GUARANTEE that federal government would protect organizers
SNCC accepted and received foundation grants to finance campaign
SNCC lost faith in Kennedy
Still harassment, violence, arrests, and no federal protection
Rejected alliance on democrats
televised footage of brutality ignited thousands more to join movement
“This is one country. It has become one country because all of us and all the people who came here had an equal chance to develop their talents. We cannot say to ten percent of the population that you can’t have that right; that your children cannot have the chance to develop whatever talents they have; that the only way that they are going to get their rights is to go in the street and demonstrate. I think we owe them and we owe ourselves a better country than that.”
-John F. Kennedy

This protest held at the Lincoln Memorial
pulled about 250,000 people. King orated
his "I have a dream" to all who wanted to
hear. The Kennedy organization saw this
as a success but many saw this as mocking
the government, to address the effectiveness/
speed of this "progressive" country. This
gathering was followed by the passing of
the 24th amendment, outlawing poll tax used to prevent blacks from voting. Months later the Civil Right Act was passed, forbidding racial discrimination in any part of life. This included schools, jobs, hotels and voting. Many people expressed frustration that the bill was a drop in the ocean. The bill didn't provide protection against violence, which appeared to be fundamental for the laws to be applicable.

The Civil Rights Movement and Music

What Did You Learn
in School Today?
We Shall Overcome
Which Side Are You On?
If You Miss Me At the
Back of the Bus
Turn, Turn, Turn
This Little Light of Mine
Take it From Dr King
Keep Your Eyes
on the Prize


“We Shall Overcome”
We shall overcome,
We shall overcome,
We shall overcome, some day.

Oh, deep in my heart,
I do believe
We shall overcome, some day.

We'll walk hand in hand,
We'll walk hand in hand,
We'll walk hand in hand, some day.

Oh, deep in my heart,
I do believe
We shall overcome, some day.

We shall live in peace,
We shall live in peace,
We shall live in peace, some day.

Oh, deep in my heart,
I do believe
We shall overcome, some day.

We are not afraid,
We are not afraid,
We are not afraid, TODAY

Oh, deep in my heart,
I do believe
We shall overcome, some day.

The whole wide world around
The whole wide world around
The whole wide world around some day

Oh, deep in my heart,
I do believe
We shall overcome, some day.

We Shall Overcome:
Song of Change
This is a segment on NPR discussing the importance of the song ‘We Shall Overcome’

Pete Seeger discusses the history of the song ‘We Shall Overcome’ and
how it was influenced and changed over time.

http://www.npr.org/2013/08/28/216482943/the-inspiring-force-of-we-shall-overcome

What Did You Learn in School Today?
What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?

I learned that Washington never told a lie.
I learned that soldiers seldom die.
I learned that everybody's free,
And that's what the teacher said to me.

Chorus

That's what I learned in school today,
That's what I learned in school.

What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
I learned that policemen are my friends.
I learned that justice never ends.
I learned that murderers die for their crimes
Even if we make a mistake sometimes.

Chorus

What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
I learned our Government must be strong;
It's always right and never wrong;
Our leaders are the finest men
And we elect them again and again.

Chorus

What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
What did you learn in school today,
Dear little boy of mine?
I learned that war is not so bad;
I learned about the great ones we have had;
We fought in Germany and in France
And someday I might get my chance.

Chorus

Seeger worked alongside many artist throughout his career but there were three important artist during the civil rights movement. These artist were fellow influential folk singers who had passion for music and justice.

Folk Artist
Co-Wrote ‘We Shall Overcome’
Spread ‘Eyes on the Prize’ in South
Participated in Sit-ins
Musical Partners with Frank Hamilton
Guy Carawan
Folk Artist
Co-Wrote ‘We Shall Overcome’
Joined the Weavers after
Seeger left group
Co-Founder of Old Town School
of Folk Music in Chicago

Frank Hamilton
Folk Artist
Co-Wrote ‘We Shall Overcome’
Married to Miles Horton
Music coordinator at
Highlander Folk School

Zilphia Horton
Throughout the past few weeks we have talked a lot about the importance of participation. Pete Seeger had this ability to bring together like-minded people and help them use their voice. In all of the links that I provided this is a common element as well as being a key element in creating or supporting a movement.

Participation
15) Adams, Noah. "The Inspiring Force Of 'We Shall Overcome'" NPR. NPR, 28 Aug. 2013. Web. 03 Oct. 2015.


16) Harold, Ellen, and Peter Stone. "Guy Carawan." Cultural Equity. 2001. Web. 3 Oct. 2015.


17) "Pete Seeger Talks about the History of "We Shall Overcome" (2006)." YouTube. YouTube, 29 Dec. 2010. Web. 03 Oct. 2015.


18) Seeger, Pete, and Bob Reiser. Everybody Says Freedom. New York U.a.: Norton, 1989. Print.


19) Baldwin, Davarian. "The Civil Rights Movement" (2011). American Age. Web. 28 Sept, 2015.


20) "I Have a Song: Pete Seeger in the Civil Rights Movement" . Youtube. YouTube, 14 June 2015. Web 26 Sept 2015.


21) "Pete Seeger". NNDB: Tracking the entire world. (n.d.). Web. 26 Sept 2015.



References Cont.
Impact of the Movement
The Civil Rights Movement began as a cry for freedom. The black community in American cried, "No more!"

The Jim Crow era left African Americans in debt, enforced labor descrimination, and lack of legal protection.

The movement made Americans question what freedom meant for all people living in our nation.


Pete's Involvement in the Civil Rights Movement
S e e g e r ' s I n v o l v e m e n t
Pete's song, "We Shall Overcome" was the anthem of the Civil Rights Movement.

During the Movement, Pete helped activists such as Martin Luther King Jr.

He helped bring music into the organizing tactics to get crowds peacefully involved.

Pete's message to activists: Don't give up!

Pete became increasingly invested in the movement after the assasination of MLK.

Pete was discouraged by the violence from the movement and he eventually moved toward enviornmentalism
Pete's Dedication to Action
Pete used his music to bring people to action. His songs encouraged peaceful protests during the Civil Rights Movement and he helped advocates of the movement get the people excited and ready to act.

Seeger used songs to inspire people. He played a role in the Civil Rights Movement as well as promoting labor rights for unions and songs that spoke against "the man".
Pete chose to get involved in this movement because of his strong belief that all people are created equal- the major cause for the Civil Rights Movement was equality.
References
1) Seeger, P., & Reiser, B. (1989). Everybody Says Freedom. New York: Norton.
2) Seeger, P., & Rosenthal, R. (2012). Pete Seeger: His Life in His Own Words. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.
3) The Civil Rights Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved September 26, 2015, from http://exhibitions.nypl.org/africanaage/essay-civil-rights.html
4) Williams, B. (2014). How The Civil Rights Act Of 1964 Changed American History. Retrieved September 28, 2015, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2014/04/09/civil-rights-act-50-year-anniversary_n_5119723.html

5) On the Impact of the Movement. (n.d.). Retrieved September 30, 2015, from http://www.usm.edu/crdp/html/cd/impact.htm
6) Pareles, J. (2014, January 28). Pete Seeger, Champion of Folk Music and Social Change, Dies at 94. Retrieved September 18, 2015, from http://www.nytimes.com/2014/01/29/arts/music/pete-seeger-songwriter-and-champion-of-folk-music-dies-at-94.html?_r=0
7) Pete Seeger's enduring impact on American culture. (2014, January 28). Retrieved September 30, 2015, from http://america.aljazeera.com/articles/2014/1/28/pete-seeger-fivestringsonlyonebanjo.html

8) "People Get Ready": Music and the Civil Rights Movement of the 1950s and 1960s. (n.d.). Retrieved September 27, 2015, from http://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/civil-rights-movement/essays/“people-get-ready”-music-and-civil-rights-movement-1950s
9) IIP Digital | U.S. Department of State. (2012, March 7). Retrieved September 28, 2015, from http://iipdigital.usembassy.gov/st/english/article/2012/03/201203071732.html#axzz3nBEevjry
10) Key Figures in the Civil Rights Movement. (2015, August 19). Retrieved September 30, 2015, from http://www.civilrightsmovement.co.uk/key-figures-civil- rights-movement.html
11) Shawki Ahmed. “Roots of the Civil Rights Movement”. (February 2006). www.isreview.org/issues/45/civilrights
12) Feldmeth, Greg D. “U.S. History Resources”. (31 March 1998). http://faculty.polytechnic.org/gfeldmeth/USHistory
13) Frum David. “Racism And Jim Crow”. (03 March 2013). http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/03/18/how-could-you-let-klansmen-bury-murdered-civil-rights-activists-on-your-property.html
14) American History Rules. “Birmingham 1963”. (06 May 2011).
www.youtube.com
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