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Which Witch is Which?

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Ruth McClelland-Nugent

on 20 April 2016

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Transcript of Which Witch is Which?

Which Witch is Which?
Traditional interpretation of witchcraft trials by American academics: religious oppression

Carey McWilliams
Witch Hunt: Revival of Heresy
(1950)

Feminist history and women's history (Gerda Lerner: first college course in women's history 1963, first MA 1972 )
Joan Kelly "Did Women have a Renaissance?" 1977
Joan Scott "Gender: a Useful Category of Historical Analysis"

Christina Larner
Enemies of God: The Witch Hunt in Scotland
(1981)

Carol Karlsen: the Devil in the Shape of a Woman (1987)


Non-Historians
American Second Wave Feminism Meets Wicca
c. 1965-1985
Simone de Beauvoir,
The Second Sex
(1948)
Betty Friedan,
The Feminine Mystique
(1968)
Our Bodies, Ourselves 1969
(Boston Women's health collective

Decentralized: Consciousness raising, 'zines
Varieties: liberal, radical, eco-feminism...

Zsuzsanna Budapest: Susan B. Anthony Coven No 1
covens as non-hierachical, all, female, "Dianic" Wicca
Starhawk and Margot Adler
Adler:
Drawing Down the Moon
1979
Starhawk:
The Spiral Dance
1979

Influences: Judaism/Holocaust Awareness
Ecology (Gaia thesis)
Magic as psychological transformation
God and goddess in balance, with emphasis on goddess to re-balance
Personal transformation leads to social change

Self-initiation, solitaries, "fairy" tradition
The Mists of Avalon
Context: Black Pride, Indian Rights, Pagan Reconstructions
Black pride: 1960s and 1970s "I'm Black and I'm Proud"
Roots
(1977)

Yoruba revival: . Oyotunji African Village (Walter Eugene King, 1970)

Re-emergence of Santeria and Voudou (1987-1993 Church of the Lukumi Babalu Aye, Inc,. et al. v. City of Hialeah)

Native American church (1918- 1990)
Mexicayotl
American Indian Religious Freedom Act 1978

European neopaganism: Reformed Druids of North America (1963)
Ár nDraíocht Féin: A Druid Fellowship (1983)
Witchcraft and the American Academy: Historians
Mary Daly (philosophy/religion) Gyn/Ecology 1978: Gynocide/gendercide
Barbara Ehrenreich and Deirdre English (medicine and journalism)- "Witches, Midwives and Nurses: a History of Female healers" 1971, CUNY.
Merlin Stone (art history):
When God Was a Woman
1976
Riane Eisler (sociology): The Chalice and the Blade !987) Domination vs. partnership society
Marija Gumbutas (archaeology) The Goddesses and Gods of Old Europe (1974); The Language of the Goddess (1989), The Civilization of the Goddess (1991),
The Satanists
Anton la Vey: The Church of Satan
"Ayn Rand's philosophy with ceremony and ritual"
No literal Satan or other supernatural entities
The Satanic Bible
1969
Numbers? probably fewer than 5,000

Temple of Set (1975) Michael Aquino: Satan as corrupted understanding of Set/Seth
1. Satan represents indulgence, instead of abstinence!
2. Satan represents vital existence, instead of spiritual pipe dreams!
3. Satan represents undefiled wisdom, instead of hypocritical self-deceit!
4. Satan represents kindness to those who deserve it, instead of love wasted on ingrates!
5. Satan represents vengeance, instead of turning the other cheek!
6. Satan represents responsibility to the responsible, instead of concern for psychic vampires!
7. Satan represents man as just another animal, sometimes better, more often worse than those that walk on all-fours, who, because of his "divine spiritual and intellectual development," has become the most vicious animal of all!
8. Satan represents all of the so-called sins, as they all lead to physical, mental, or emotional gratification!
9. Satan has been the best friend the church has ever had, as he has kept it in business all these years!
Doreen Irvine: Black Lodge of Satanists

Mike Warnke: Church of Satan, out for world domination (communists)

John Todd: multigenerational family Satanists
Satanic Confessionals!
Full transcript