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Women and Children Welfare
Transcript of Women and Children Welfare
Impact of environment on children
Water born diseases are affecting 6 million children in India
Childhood cancer rates are also increasing by 6% every year
Growing foetus in the mother’s womb is not safe & free from the adverse effects of environment toxins
Initiatives taken on International level :
United Nations Decade for Women (1975-85) included several women related welfare issues on international agenda
CEDAW (International Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979) is one of the result of the program for protection & promotion of women’s human right & socio-economic upliftment
Need for child welfare
1 million out of 21 million babies born every year in India are abandoned soon after their birth due to different socio-economic reasons
Initiative of Childline India foundation- case of child beggars
CHILDLINE contacted their parents and brought them to the center.
The parents were provided with counselling and warned not to send them for begging. CHILDLINE has assured to provide assistance for education of the children.
During outreach, Madurai CHILDLINE team came across 5 children in the age group of 10 to 16 years performing acrobatics such as passing their body through an iron ring, walking on their hands upside down, etc.
Women & Child Welfare
Need for women welfare
Women and children are the soft targets.
They are the victims of capitalism, development & environment
They suffer in a number of ways because they are:
2. Initiative of Akanksha Foundation
World summit on children on Sep 30, 1990
Declaration of the rights of a child by United Nations in 1959, which became international law in 1990 with 54 articles
The law defines:
Right to Survival
Right to Protection
Right to Development
Right to Participation
National plan of action for children has been formulated by ministry of HRD
Problems Faced by Children :
Undergo many dreadfull diseases like:
Working in hazardous places to feed themselves.
Undergo many respiratory problems due to pollution in the environment.
Steps taken to improve the condition of WOMEN
Cases of NGOs concerned with child welfare
Action Aid India concentrates on child education and on street and working children
CRY targets underprivileged children who don’t have basic resources to sustain themselves.
Butterflies engage themselves in offering free education to poor kids. They teach children living in slums in Delhi.
CARE India with branches in 11 states focus on girls’ education.
Prayas address issues related to lack of sensitivity and infrastructure for children’s rehabilitation, education, and reintegration.
Women’s Issues in the Developing World
Sexual Harassment and Rape
“Women are a part of Society and Not
apart from Society"
"Children are our most valuable resource."
Herbert Hoover, 31st U.S. president
"There are people in the world so hungry that God cannot appear to them except in the form of bread."
Education is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity. ~Aristotle
Women and children are the backbone of our society their welfare is our priority
By Aakarsh Mehta
Aim for women welfare:
Development of women in social, physical and psychological fields.
Making them aware of rights they enjoy and providing them with the same.
Making them free from all the troubles they face.
Giving them the gender equality in society.
Fighting against crimes faced by women.
Aim for children development:
Providing every child free education.
Providing them basic amenities that they are ought to get.
Fighting against the crimes faced by children.
Dowry refers to “….the property, money, ornaments or any other form of wealth which a man or his family receives from his wife or her family at the time of marriage.”
Child marriage is defined as a formal marriage or informal union before age 18. While child marriage is observed for both boys and girls, disproportionately most affected worldwide are girls. It is related to child betrothal and unmarried teenage pregnancy.
According to UNICEF’s “State of the World’s Children-2009” report, 47% of India's women aged 20–24 were married before the legal age of 18, rising to 56% in rural areas. The report also showed that 40% of the world's child marriages occur in India.
In rural areas where a lot of people do not have access to sex determination facilities, female infanticide is shockingly common. The parents wait until the mother gives birth, and when they find out that a daughter is born, they go ahead and kill the baby by adopting various means such as strangling the baby, giving her poison, dumping her in a garbage bin, drowning her, burying her alive, starving her, stuffing her mouth with salt, or leaving her outdoors overnight so she dies of exposure.
Sexual Harassment and Rape
Eve teasing is a euphemism used for sexual harassment or molestation of women by men. Many activists blame the rising incidents of sexual harassment against women on the influence of "Western culture". In 1987, The Indecent Representation of Women (Prohibition) Act was passed to prohibit indecent representation of women through advertisements or in publications, writings, paintings or in any other manner.
Rape in India has been described by Radha Kumar as one of India's most common crimes against women and by the UN’s human-rights chief as a “national problem”. In the 1980s, women's rights groups lobbied for marital rape to be declared unlawful, as until 1983, the criminal law (amendment) act stated that "sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife, the wife not being under fifteen years of age is not rape".
Sex and labor trafficking of women is a complicated phenomenon with many forces that affect women's decisions to work abroad. Perhaps the strongest factor is a desperate economic situation, which impacts the availability of satisfactory employment in many countries for women more severely than men. Women may become victims of trafficking when they seek assistance to obtain employment, work permits, visas and other travel documents.
1. Providing Free Education to Women
2. Providing women with employment
3. Hygienic life conditions for women
4. Protecting them from crimes
5. Spreading Awareness
In 1929 a group of visionary women including Rajkumari Amrit Kaur, Sarojini Naidu,Aruna Asaf Ali and Lady Dorothy Irwin instituted the
All India Women’s Education Fund Association (AIWEFA)with the objective of putting power into the hands of women.
The Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls (RGSEAG) Sabla is a centrally sponsored program of Government of India initiated on April 1, 2011 under Ministry of Women and Child Development.
An integrated package of services is provided to adolescent girls as follows:
1 Nutrition provision
2 Iron and Folic Acid (IFA) supplementation
3 Health check-up and Referral services
4 Nutrition & Health Education (NHE)
5 Counseling/Guidance on family welfare, ARSH, child care practices and home management
6 Life Skill Education and accessing public services
7 Vocational training for girls aged 16 and above under NSDP.
Stop Violence Against Women is a worldwide campaign of Amnesty International to counter violence against women.
It was started on 5 March 2004, in preparation before International Women's Day. It is one of Amnesty's key campaigns. The campaign focuses on ending impunity for those who commit such violence, by pressuring governments to prosecute individuals and change laws to protect women.
Indra Krishnamurthy Nooyi (born 28 October 1955) is an Indian-American business executive and the current Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer of PepsiCo, the second largest food and beverage business in the world by net revenue. According to Forbes, she is consistently ranked among the World's 100 Most Powerful Women.
Mary Kom, is an Indian boxer belonging to Kom tribal community of north-eastern state of Manipur. She is a five-time World Boxing champion, and the only woman boxer to have won a medal in each one of the six world championships. She is the only Indian woman boxer to have qualified for the 2012 Summer Olympics, competing in the flyweight (51 kg) category and winning the bronze medal.
Kiran Bedi (born Kiran Peshawaria, 9 June 1949) is an Indian social activist and a retired Indian Police Service (IPS) officer. Bedi joined the police service in 1972 and became the first woman officer in the IPS.Bedi held the post of Director General at the Bureau of Police Research and Development before she voluntarily retired from the IPS in December 2007.She has also founded two NGOs in India: the Navjyoti Delhi Police Foundation for welfare and preventative policing in 1988 and the India Vision Foundation for prison reformation, drug abuse prevention and child welfare in 1994.
Sunita Lyn "Suni" Williams née Pandya (born September 19, 1965) is a former American astronaut and a United States Navy officer. She holds the records for longest single space flight by a woman (195 days), total spacewalks by a woman (seven), and most spacewalk time for a woman (50 hours, 40 minutes)
Children working at a construction site
"Today, there in more fruit in a rich man's shampoo; than in a poor child's plate"
Types of Cancer in Children