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The Enigma Machine.

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Irada Chadwick

on 13 September 2014

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Transcript of The Enigma Machine.

The Enigma Machine.
How did it work?
The central active encryption element of the machine was a collection of rotors, situated in a row. These are essentially wheels which have letters inscribed on their outside edge (think of the writing on the edge of a coin). Before use, the rotors were turned to a certain position. As an example, they might be turned to X-Z-P: The first rotor would be set to X, the second to Z, the third to P. Generally these settings were changed once or more per day, meaning anyone who was trying to guess the combination would have less messages to work with.
(in reference to answers.com)
Scherbius was born 30th October 1878 in Frankfurt and died May 13th 1929 in Berlin in a horse carriage accident.

Who invented it?
Arthur Scherbius

Despite what Hollywood claims in the film U-571, the Germans’ wartime Enigma code machine was actually captured by the British 6 months before the USA joined World War 2

The first time the Allies saw the secret German Enigma machine wasn’t by stealing it. They actually bought it outright in the German open market in 1927.

It would take 100 machines working around the clock 5.8 years in order to crack the enigma code.
Did you know?
The effort to break the Enigma was not disclosed until the 1970s. Since then, interest in the Enigma machine has grown. Enigmas are on public display in museums around the world.
What was it used for?
The Enigma was used solely to encipher and decipher messages. In its standard form it could not type a message out, let alone transmit or receive it.
When in time was it used?
Early models were used commercially from the early 1920s, and adopted by military and government services of several countries—most notably by Nazi Germany before and during World War II. Several different Enigma models were produced, but the German military models are the most commonly discussed.
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