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music project

Sophia Herold

on 16 June 2011

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Transcript of cantata

CANTATA About and definition Cantata comes from the Italian word cantare (cantare in Italian means (to sing).
Cantata is a composition for voices (one or more voices) usually is made up of solos, duets, recitatives, and choruses. This is usually is sung to vocal soloist or ensemble.
The word cantata first appeared in the Italian composer Alessandro Grandi’s Cantade et arie a voce sola.
Cantata's are usually done outside church on Sunday's. The cantata composite musical form similar to a short unacted opera or brief oratorio, made in Italy in the baroque period. the secular cantata was standardized by Stradella, Alessandro Scarlatti, and other members of the Neapolitan school into two arias with recitatives.This term was first used in 1620. In the second half of the 17th cent. This form was very popular through the 18th cent. as a vehicle for virtuoso singing. In France the cantata was adapted by Rameau to contain three arias with recitatives. In Germany the sacred cantata was more popular than the secular. A cantata consisted first of a declamatory narrative or scene in recitative, held together by a primitive aria repeated at intervals. Fine examples may be found in the church music of Giacomo Carissimi; and the English vocal solos of Henry Purcell (such as Mad Tom and Mad Bess) show the utmost that can be made of this archaic form. With the rise of the da capo aria, the cantata became a group of two or three arias joined by recitative. George Frideric Handel's numerous Italian duets and trios are examples on a rather large scale. His Latin motet Silete Venti, for soprano solo, shows the use of this form in church music. Historical context cantata example Cantatas were in great demand for the services of the Lutheran church. Sacred cantatas for the liturgy or other occasions were not only composed by Bach but also by Dieterich Buxtehude, Christoph Graupner, Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel and Georg Philipp Telemann, to name a few! Baroque Twentieth century
cantatas Cantatas, both of the chamber variety and on a grand scale, were composed after 1900 as well. In the early part of the century, secular cantatas once again became prominent, while the 19th-century tradition of sacred cantatas also continued. Ralph Vaughan Williams composed both kinds: "festival" cantatas such as Toward the Unknown Region (1907), Five Mystical Songs (1911), and Five Tudor Portraits (1936), and sacred cantatas including Sancta civitas (1926), Benedicite (1930), Dona nobis pacem (1936), and Hodie (1954). Joseph Ryelandt also composed secular and sacred cantatas, such as Le chant de la pauvreté Op.92 in 1928 and Veni creator Op.123 in 1938. Béla Bartók composed the secular Cantata Profana, subtitled "The Nine Splendid Stags" and based on a Romanian folk tale, in 1930. Ralph Vaughan Williams: Tallis Fantasia Within the Lutheran liturgy certain readings from the Bible were prescribed for every event during the church year. Music was expected for all Sundays and Holidays but the quiet times of Advent and Lent, the cantata supposed to reflect the readings. Words of a sacred cantata Many opening movements are based on bible quotes, such as Sie werden aus Saba alle kommen, BWV 65, on Isaiah 60:6. Most of the solo movements are based on poetry of contemporary writers, such as court poet Salomon Franck in Weimar or Picander in Leipzig, with whom Bach collaborated. Massa Cantata massa Cantata is a form of Tridentine Mass defined officially in 1960 as a sung Mass celebrated without sacred ministers. Other names in pre-1960 sources:

Missa cantata sine Ministris (Sung/Chanted Mass without the Ministers) – documents of the Holy See such as the Decree of the Congregation of Sacred Rites of 14 March 1906. High Mass without Deacon or Sub-Deacon – Ceremonial for the Use of the Catholic Churches in the United States of America (commonly called the "Baltimore Ceremonial" because published by request of the Third Plenary Council of Baltimore, 1884), page 67. While the Baltimore Ceremonial thus classifed the Missa Cantata as a High Mass, Adrian Fortescue wrote in his 1910 article "Liturgy of the Mass" in the Catholic Encyclopedia, that a Missa Cantata "is really a low Mass, since the essence of high Mass is not the music but the deacon and subdeacon." Here is a cantata by bach called Sheep May Safely Graze. thank you The end
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