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Human Trafficking 101 - Mark

Human Trafficking presentation for new audiences

Mark Kadel

on 10 October 2017

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Transcript of Human Trafficking 101 - Mark

The Demand
Human Trafficking Internationally
Sex Trafficking
Labor Trafficking
Victim Statistics in the U.S.
Commerce in human beings is the fastest growing criminal activity in the world.*
Commercial sex act induced by force, fraud or coercion, or in which person performing the act is under age 18.
$150 Billion Global Industry*
What is Human Trafficking?
Children under the age of 18 now constitute the largest group of trafficking victims in the United States.*
In the US, the media has bred a culture of tolerance in regards to the sex industry.
Since 1997, the number of child pornography images on the Internet has increased by 1,500 percent.*

55% of child Internet porn originates from the USA.*
What's being done about it?
What can you do?
Be the voice for the voiceless.
Be the change in your generation.
Many urban areas are considered an entry point for
underage prostitution.
Human Trafficking isn't happening in my city!
Human Trafficking is Modern day Slavery
How are victims trafficked?
Economics of Slavery
1) Demand
Promote and buy products that use slave-free labor
*Shared Hope
*Shared Hope
Myths vs. Facts
The human trafficking industry is small and very few people participate in it.
The price of human beings during the Trans-Atlantic slave trade two centuries ago was cheap compared to today's standards.
*International Labor Organization 2014 Report
*National Association of Attorneys General
National Trafficking Hotline Number
Prostitution is the world's oldest profession. It has always been here and always will.
Prostitution is gender based discrimination and steals children's lives. Prostitution is the world's oldest form of exploitation of women and children.
It is believed that of new victims enslaved in our country, most are brought in to supply the on-going demand for the commercialized sex industry in this country.
Shaniya Davis
Age 5
2) Reusable resource
3) Risk vs. Benefit
Among the top five reported areas of
Trafficking activity:
Prostitution and Sex Services - 56%
Forced Labor - 44% (including:)
Domestic Service - 27%
Agriculture - 10%
Sweatshops/Factory workers - 5%
Restaurants/Hotel work - 4%
Source: Dr. Donna M. Hughes. The Corruption of Civil Society.
2000 brothels
estimated 30,000 women
less than 4%
79% - force
Illustration: The Netherlands
The average age of entry into prostitution in the U.S. is 13.* Thus it is likely that many prostituting adult females were once child victims.
The Truth about Sex Trafficking
Malarek, Victor. The Johns: Sex for Sale and the Men Who Buy It. New York: Arcade Pub., 2009.

“Guys urinating and defecating on women; women with animals; men torturing and raping women… I’ve seen it all, and so have a lot of my friends. We started off right away with hardcore. It’s right there always in your face when you go to a lot of these movie download sites on the Internet.”

—Jason, Age 14, Toronto, Canada
To abolish slavery by collaborating with local organizations and individuals, educating our community, addressing the demand, and providing services to victims of human trafficking.
Meets 1st Monday of each month at 4:00 pm
at the Shadle Library, 2111 W Wellesley Ave, Spokane.
Labor Trafficking:
Using force, fraud or coercion to recruit, harbor, transport, obtain or employ a person for labor or services in involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage or slavery
Types of Forced Labor:
• Begging
• Service Industries-Hotel/Restaurant /Personal Care
• Agricultural
• Factory- Textile/Garment, IT
• Seafarers and fishers
• Mining/Quarries
• Brick-making
• Carpet-making
• Illicit forms of labor, such as drug trafficking, prostitution and pornography
• Domestic servitude
Sex Trafficking:
Commercial sex act induced by force, fraud or coercion, or in which person performing the act is under age 18.
can be found working in massage parlors, brothels, strip clubs, escort services
*Shared Hope
China's vulnerable female population
60% of girls in the world of sex trafficking come from China
South Sudan's educational divide
Less than 30% of secondary students are female
A Swedish study found that third-year high school males with high consumption rates of pornography were significantly more likely than peers with low pornography consumption to engage in anal sex, group sex and to report “hook ups” (sexual relations with a friend who is not a romantic partner).
A study of 804 Italian males and females aged 14 to 19 found pornography use and sexual violence were significantly correlated. Females who watched pornographic videos were at significantly greater likelihood of being a victim of sexual harassment or sexual assault, while males who viewed pornography were significantly more likely to report having sexually harassed a peer or forcing someone to have sex.
In a study of 483 seventh and eighth grade boys increased exposure to sexually explicit media at the study’s outset predicted more frequent sexual harassment perpetration two years later, even considering controls (i.e. demographics, pubertal status, and sensation seeking).
West Africa's cocoa farms
1.8 million children are involved in the cocoa industry
The Netherlands' legal prostitution
79% of women in prostitution indicated they were there due to some degree of force
Human Trafficking
What’s being done about it?

Government Efforts:

1.) A secure safe house
2.) Funding and training
3.) Community engagement
4.) Risk assessment tools
5.) Communication and collaboration between agencies and systems
6.) Data collection
7.) Legislation
Courtesy of Sandra Morgan, Vanguard University

7 Gaps in services identified by the October 2011 Child Trafficking Summit:

Ten things you can do right now
to end Modern day slavery
1. Pray for the end of slavery in our world today. Join prayer groups or prayer vigils to pray for an end to this human tragedy.
2. Put the Human Trafficking Hotline number on your cell phone 1-888.3737.888
3. Three Apps that your phone needs- Free2Work.org  or goodguide.com to rate the products you buy. The second App is from slaveryfootprint.org, telling you how many slaves work for you and helping you write companies directly asking them to become slave free in their product lines.
4. Buy ethically and support those companies who are making conscientious decisions to clean up their supply line of slave labor and child exploitation. Know what you are buying (the Free2Work app will be a great guide)
5. Do research to find out what non-profits are in your area that help victims of Human Trafficking.  Ask what they need and how you can lend your talents to help.
6. Know the signs of a potential trafficking victim. Check out the Rescue & Restore or Blue campaign federal websites for the information cards, posters and other useful materials.

7. Make a stand against pornography. Porn demand fuels the sex trafficking industry. Check out fightthenewdrug.org, a website developed by college students to show the harm done by an addiction to pornography.

8. Get involved in Advocacy, contact your State and Congressional members. You can bring change. To find out about current legislature, Polaris Project.

9. Use your talents to bring awareness. Creativity is one key to stopping slavery. Organize an Abolitionist group at your church or school.

10. Be informed about news on Human Trafficking. Read books or watch documentaries about the Anti-slavery movement.

Ten things you can do right now to end modern day slavery
An organized criminal activity in which human beings are treated as possessions to be controlled and exploited (as through forced labor or into the commercialized sex industry)
Myth: Girls who are prostituting themselves want to be on the streets to earn drug money
According to a FBI report, over 90% of prostituted women and children are exploited and not on the streets by choice.
Spokane Bus Panels
Fact: No community is immune to the abuse of human rights and modern day slavery.
By Mark Kadel
Executive Director
Rebound of Whatcom County
Human Trafficking isn't happening in my community
Matthew Holt, the apparent leader of the Tillicum Park Gangsters, is accused of raping or trafficking up to 15 adult and juvenile victims in WA, including Bellingham
110 arrested in Bellevue prostitution sting set up ‘to fill void’ after Asian brothels shut down
Our Responsibility?
Ephesians 5:25-30 [AMP], Husbands, love your wives [seek the highest good for her and surround her with a caring, unselfish love], just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself up for her,… 28 Even so husbands should and are morally obligated to love their own wives as their own bodies. He who loves his own wife loves himself. For no one ever hated his own body, but [instead] he nourishes and protects and cherishes it, just as Christ does the church, because we are members (parts) of His body.
Proverbs 2:10-20 [AMP], To keep you from the immoral woman; From the seductress with her flattering words, Who leaves the companion (husband) of her youth, And forgets the covenant of her God. For her house leads down to death and her paths lead to the dead; None who go to her return again, nor do they regain the paths of life—So you will walk in the way of good men [that is, those of personal integrity, moral courage and honorable character],
And keep to the paths of the righteous.
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