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Copy of Elements of Drama

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Emily Mangino

on 21 November 2014

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Transcript of Copy of Elements of Drama

Elements of Drama
Drama:

a form of literature meant to be performed for an audience, either on stage or before camera.
Playwright:
one who writes plays
Script:
the written text of a play, movie, or broadcast
Characters
Like fiction, dramas have one or more characters.
Characterization is achieved through STEAL
Setting
Like fiction, the setting of a drama can be any time (past, present, or future) and includes various places such as a town, house, or even a certain room.
Setting is revealed through
stage directions, dialogue, scenery, and props.

Scenery is usually left up to the director of the play and not the playwright.
Plot
Like fiction, plot is based on the development and resolution of a
conflict
.
exposition
conflict introduced
rising action
climax
falling action
resolution
Theme
Like fiction, all dramas have at least one theme (a BIG IDEA that the playwright portrays throughout the plot)
These themes always relate to a wide audience.
Parts of the Script
List of Cast Members/Characters
Usually at the beginning of script
May/may not include a brief description of the characters
Dialogue
Majority of play is dialogue
Reveals plot and characterization
Appears next to the character's name
Denotation & Connotation
Denotation:
Dictionary definition of the word
Ex: cheap – inexpensive; costing very little money
Connotation:
feelings associated with a word
Ex: cheap – negative; not good quality (VS. bargain – costing little money but good quality)

Stage Directions
Printed in italics
Often enclosed in (parentheses)

Tell actors 1) how to move and speak, 2) where to move on the stage, or 3) tell about the scenery and props
Can include suggestions for costume, lighting, or sound.
Stage directions are instructions for the director, performers, designers, and stage crew.
Acts & Scenes
Scene:
a unit of the play's action separated by setting
scenes change whenever setting (time or place) changes
Acts:
a group of scenes
most modern plays have two acts with an intermission in between
Audience
Audience:
the people the drama is being presented to (the listeners, readers, viewers)

When creating a play, everything must be catered to the audience.
Example: A play you create for your friends would be a different than a play you create for President Obama.

(speech, thoughts, effect on others, actions, looks)
The air outside is refreshing.
The air outside is chilly.
Examples
The major conflict can be internal or external.
There might be more than one conflict throughout.
Playwrights may have characters deliver different types of speeches to reveal more about the character's thoughts.
One example is a
Monologue
:
- a long, uninterrupted speech spoken by one character to another.
Dialogue
Character Development
Stage Directions continued...
These stage directions must be important!

Stage directions tell about the scenery and props.
Scenery: Used to describe the construction onstage that suggests the setting.
Props: small movable items, such as doctor's clipboard or a student's notebook, that actors use to make their actions more realistic.
In class, be prepared to identify the different elements of drama!

This weekend while you're watching T.V. (a type of drama), see if you can identify any elements of drama.
Full transcript