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Historical Development of Tourism Part 1 (Early Tourism - Industrial Revolution)

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Ejay Samson

on 20 June 2015

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Transcript of Historical Development of Tourism Part 1 (Early Tourism - Industrial Revolution)

People during the ancient times travelled in search for food and that is considered tourism.
TOURISM was derived from the Hebrew word
torah
which means
studying, learning, searching.
Noah’s Ark must have been the first large scale operator even though his passengers were mostly animals.
Early Tourism
Early Tourism
Principles of Tourism 1
Historical Development of Travel and Tourism
Part 1 - Early Tourism to Industrial Evolution

EARLY
TOURISM
There are two forms of travel during this time
1. TRADING
The invention of money, writing and
wheel buy Sumerian facilitated travel
and exchange of foods.
Both the Greek and the Romans
were well –known travelers
and their respective empires increased, travel
became necessary.

The Roman travelers was largely aided by improvement in communications, first class roads and inns (forerunners of modern hotels). By employing relays of horses, distances of six miles or more could be covered in one day. In between distances of six miles were mutations or stables where horses could be changed.

2. PILGRIMAGE
Pilgrimage were made to fulfill a vow as in case of illness or of great danger or as penance of sins. Beginning 1388, English pilgrims were required to obtain and carry permits.
THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF TOURISM
The story of travel and tourism essentially mirrors the advances of mankind. That is, as human beings evolved and transportation and technology improved, people ventured further a field from original locations, and this apparent natural quest after new horizons and experiences continues up to this day.
THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT (cont.)
Five conditions come to mind as necessary for the development of travel and tourism:
modes of transportation, accommodations and other supporting services must be available
accessible and interesting destinations
travel must have the means
travel must have sufficient time available for the activity
safety has been an issue both regarding the transportation mode and conditions at destinations.
A
pilgrimage
is a journey or search of moral or spiritual significance. Typically, it is a journey to a shrine or other location of importance to a person's beliefs and faith, although sometimes it can be a metaphorical journey into someone's own beliefs.
MEDIEVAL PERIOD
dark era of tourism
During the Medieval Period, travel declined.
Travel, derived from the word
travail
, became burdensome, dangerous, and demanding during this time.
Roads were not maintained and they became unsafe. Thieves inflicted harm on those who dared to travel.
Crusaders and pilgrims were the only ones who travelled.

RENAISSANCE AND ELIZABETHAN ERA
The rebirth in travel emerged slowly during the renaissance marked by the end of the Dark Ages. This era embraced a period of intellectual rebirth for the Western world in terms of art, architecture and literature. Trade routes slowly began to reopen as commercial activities grew and merchants ventured into new territories.
1. Travel for Education
THE GRAND TOUR ERA
Grand Tour is a name given to the first real travel itinerary involving a substanciak number of participants. Grand Tour Era which marked the height of luxurious travel and tourism activities, organized with the wealthy English and soon spread and became fashionable among other individuals who had time and money.
2. TRAVEL FOR HEALTH
Development of Health Tourism
Health Tourism has long existed, but it was not until the 18th century that it became important. In England, it was associated with spas, places with supposedly health-giving mineral waters, treating disease from gout to liver disorders and bronchitis
SPA comes from the Waloon word "espa" which means FOUNTAIN
ERA OF INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION
The Industrial Revolution was one of the important era's of tourism, it brought changes in travel and tourism which started first in England in 1750-1850. Between these years, the economy of England changedfrom mostly agricultural to mostly industrial. this was the result not only of one key invention but of technological progress in different fields coming togeter.
during this era:
factories emerged
better transportation
growth of "iron industry"
lower-class men were able to travel

To escape from their responsibilities and the crowded city environment
facilitated travel to countryside or seashore for holidays which led to the creation of working class resorts near major industrial centers.
The bank of England observed about 33 saints' day and religious festivals as holidays, but in 1834 it was drastically reduced to 4:
Good Friday
1st of May
1st of November
Christmas day

Did You Know?
Bank Holiday Act, 1871
Edel Samson Ilagan, Jr.
Faculty, Business and Hospitality
Management Department, DWCC
Full transcript