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Axial Skeleton

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by

Engers Fernandez

on 23 June 2015

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Transcript of Axial Skeleton

Thoracic Cage
The Amazing Human Body
Axial Skeleton
Dr. Engers Fernandez
Mental Foramen
Mandibular Foramen
Do you speak Bones?
Condyle:
Greek: kondylos; knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint - an articulation with another bone.

Epycondile:
A rounded projection at the end of a bone, located on or above a condyle and usually serving as a place of attachment for ligaments and tendons.
Head:
The rounded proximal end of a long bone.

Trochanter:
prominence near end of a long bone; develops from independent centre of ossification
Spinous Process:
is a bony projection off the posterior (back) of each vertebra
Tuberosity:
an elevation or protuberance, especially one on a bone where a muscle is attached.
Facet:
A small smooth area on a bone or other firm structure, usually an articular surface covered in life with articular cartilage.
Tubercle:
a round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on bones
Crest:
(krest) a projection, or projecting structure or ridge, especially one surmounting a bone or its border.
Ramus:
A part of an irregularly shaped bone that is thicker than a process and forms an angle with the main body, especially the ascending part of the lower jaw that makes a joint at the temple.
Bone depressions or cavities
Fissure:
is a groove, natural division, deep furrow, elongated cleft, or tear in various parts of the body.

Foramen:
a natural opening or passage, especially one into or through a bone.
Fossa:
a hollow or depressed area.
Meatus:
an opening or tunnel through any part of the body, such as the external acoustic meatus that leads from the external ear to the tympanic membrane.
Groove:
is a long trench, channel or hollow cut or worn into a surface.
Sinus:
one of the hollow cavities in the skull connecting with the nasal cavities.
Axial Skeleton
Glabella
is the skin between the eyebrows and above the nose. It also refers to the underlying bone which is slightly depressed, and joins the two superciliary ridges. It is a cephalometric landmark that is just superior to the nasion.
Spine
7
12
5
5 (fused)
4 (fused)
Full transcript