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Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta

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Amanda Harvat

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta

Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta By Amanda Harvat http://www.history-timelines.org.uk/people-timelines/17-marco-polo-timeline.htm A Brief Introduction... Marco Polo and Ibn Battuta were two of the most well known adventurers during the middle ages. These men traveled a combined total of over 90,000 miles throughout their lifetimes. These men were not only pioneers in connecting the various cultures from Asia, Europe, and Africa but in showing just how different each society was at that time. Marco Polo Date of Birth: Born on September 15, 1254
Death: January 1324
Place of Birth : Venice
Religion: Christian
Family: Father - Niccolo Polo, Uncle- Maffeo Polo VENICE September 15, 1254:
Marco Polo is born Cathay 1274: Marco Polo's first journey takes
him to a place that was then called
Cathay while accompanying his
father and uncle who were also explorers. To begin, we will look at some facts about Marco Polo and learn about his travels. When Marco Polo arrived at Cathay after three years of traveling, he and his companions were given respectable positions in the court by Kublai Khan. It was at this point in his life that Marco Polo began to study and speak the Chinese language. By learning this language, Polo was able to communicate more effectively with this society and break the "language barrier" that separates so many humans even in the present days. China 1275: Marco Polo is then appointed the
position of envoy by Kublai Khan
and travels throughout China on
missions. "And you must know that Messer Marco Polo, who relates all this, was several times sent by the Great Kaan to inspect the amount of his customs and revenue from this ninth part of Manzi, and he found it to be, exclusive of the salt revenue which we have mentioned already, 210 tomans of gold, equivalent to 14,700,000 saggi of gold; one of the most enormous revenues that ever was heard of." An excerpt from: The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East The Book of Ser Marco Polo the Venetian concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East, trans. and ed. by Henry Yule, 3rd ed. revised by Henri Cordier (London: John Murray, 1903), Vol II. Pp. 185-193, 200-205, 215-216 Borneo Sumatra On the way to a wedding,
Polo and his companions made
stops at Borneo, Sumatra,
and Ceylon before reaching Persia
where the ceremony was taking place. Ceylon Persia 1293: Marco Polo attends the wedding of the Khan's daughter and begins his journey back to Venice. 1295: Marco Polo arrives back in
Venice 41 years later
during the war against Genoa. The stories that were told by Marco Polo about his many adventures sparked interest and curiosity in many others. The societies that seemed so different from their own were mysterious and promised wealth that could only be dreamed of. After seeing the treasures that Polo had brought from Persia especially, everyone wanted some for their own. This included Christopher Columbus. Now that we know a few facts, we will begin our journey in Venice, Italy Polo and his companions travel through Persia, Tartay, and across the Holy Land to reach China. During this time of traveling to China, Polo experienced many new societies and, due to the fact that he was traveling along the Silk Road, a vast exchange of not only goods, but ideas and culture as well. The End of the Journey After returning home to Venice, Polo is captured and taken prisoner during the war. It is then that a fellow prisoner helps him write down his adventures. Polo is later released and is married and has children. He died at the age of 70 in Venice. Ibn Battuta Date of Birth: February 24, 1304
Place of Birth: Morocco
Death: 1369
Religion: Muslim The second individual that we will look at is Ibn Battuta. He was considered to be very similar to Marco Polo in his ambitious exploration though Ibn explored much farther. http://www.silk-road.com/artl/ibn_battuta.shtml Traveled mainly along
trade routes Traveled over 70,000 miles
throughout his lifetime Brought awareness and curiosity
of other cultures to places that
may not have otherwise
known of the world and
what it has to offer. Marco Polo Ibn Battuta Traveled mainly by sea To summarize... Traveled over 15,000 miles
in one trip These orange arrows represent only half
of the journey that Ibn Battuta took. Through his many journeys, Battuta learns many traditions and ideas of the various cultures he encounters. One example of this is as follows: "Betel-trees are grown like vines on can trellises or else trained up coco-palms. They have no fruit and are only grown for their leaves. The Indians have a high opinion of betel, and if a man visits a friend and the latter gives him five leaves of it, you would think he had given him the world, especially if he is a prince or notable. A gift of betel is a far greater honour than a gift of gold and silver. It is used in the following way: First one takes areca-nuts, which are like nutmegs, crushes them into small bits and chews them. Then the betel leaves are taken, a little chalk is put on them, and they are chewed with the areca-nuts." *This excerpt shows his fascination with the traditions and cultures of the societies that he is traveling through. It also shows his acceptance of differences rather than saying that this society's tradition is wrong or making fun of it. *This quote shows that Polo was highly respected and trusted by the Khan which is something that does not happen between individuals of different cultures often during this time period. This truly shows how being exposed to, and open-minded towards other cultures can earn a person much respect in the long run. Sources Ibn Battuta began his incredible journey in 1325 at the age of 21. He had received a good education before leaving home and planned to broaden his education through his travel. He left Morocco and traveled through much of Northern Africa and the Middle East. The end of the Journey When Battuta returned to Morocco, it was 1353
and the stories of his travels were recorded into an ornate and poetic style.

It is not known exactly when Battuta died but it is estimated to be either 1368 or 1369. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/280726/Ibn-Battutah Were highly respected
for their accomplishments Returned home from
their exploration
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