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Marxism Perspective on the Kite Runner

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Michelle Stefanison

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Marxism Perspective on the Kite Runner

By Michelle Stefanison Marxist Perspective Marxist Theory First Quote Second Quote - Marxism is a political and economic philosophy that is based on theories of class struggle within societies.
- This philosophy was developed by Karl Marx for whom it was named after and Friedrich Engels during the middle of the 19th century. "Then, Baba and I drove off in his black Ford Mustang - a car that drew envious looks everywhere" This quote shows how the wealth of Amir's family affects how they are seen socially, affected by economic standards.
Amir wears western clothing and is more fortunate than many.
Amir remains untouched by the other children of the neighborhood, while Hassan, is terrorized by others daily, not only because he is Hazara, but because he is poor.
The way the two are treated differently because of their economic class sets up the atmosphere for later events thats change their relationship. Hosseini uses the Marxist view of the characters to expose their racial outlook and their social exploitation.

Hosseini also tries to highlight the political, religious, social and power exploitation in Afghanistan. “So Baba proved them all wrong by not only running his own business but becoming one of the richest merchants in Kabul.” This quote shows how Baba manages his money which approaches the marxist lens.
Baba wasn’t a wealthy man before and people were always looking down on him. He then became to be a rich and successful person.
He became very popular after successfully starting two pharmacies, a restaurant, and a carpet-exporting business.
He also married a highly educated women and proved everyone's social expectations wrong. Power Struggles This quote shows the Marxism that is seen through Hassans rape (pg 76-77). The power struggle in this passage is prevalent on so many levels, the most obvious being Assef's domination of Hassan. Third Quote " I had one last chance to make a decision. One final opportunity to decide who I was going to be. I could step into that alley, stand up for Hassan the way he'd stood up for me all those times in the past and accept whatever would happen to me. Or I could run. In the end, I ran"(pg.77). Forth Quote “I saw the resignation in his face. It was a look I had seen before. It was the look of the lamb.” That lamb is explained through Amir’s flashback, to be a ceremonial sacrifice made on Eid Al-Adha.
The lamb here, just like almost every other time a lamb has been used in literature, symbolizes Jesus, innocence, and sacrifice.
This symbolism makes Hassan admirable, but he has no power. He is completely powerless against Assef.
This shows another situation of power struggle and marxism in the kite runner. “There are a lot of children in Afghanistan, but little childhood.” Fifth Quote This quote shows how Hosseini highlights child abuse and tries to invite the readers collaboration to stand against evil that is frequently occurring in Afghanistan.
Hosseini is a critical writer and he criticizes the malpractices and manipulations happening in Afghanistan.
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