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Southern Colonial Architecture

CEA Research Project
by

Zach Dugan

on 7 September 2012

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Transcript of Southern Colonial Architecture

Southern Colonial Architecture Years of Use Materials and Make Up Distinctive Features Architecture Break Down Common Site Locations Other Information Most commonly used during the early 1600s through the early 1800s
Southern Colonial Architecture came to be when the colonists of the United States first moved here
The styles of Southern Colonial Architecture originated from the southern plantations of the nation Works Cited http://www.monsterhouseplans.com/southern-colonial-house-plans.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_colonial_architecture
http://www.hudsonrivervalley.org/themes/colonialera.html
http://architecture.about.com/od/housestyles/a/New-England-Colonial.htm
http://www.hgtv.com/home-improvement/colonial-architectural-style/index.html
http://www.rtsd.org/cms/lib/PA01000218/Centricity/Domain/286/Southern_colonial_architecture[1]_5.pdf
http://www.nps.gov/nr/travel/jamesriver/architecture.htm
http://www.dongardner.com/ Basic Southern Colonial Style Buildings contain two prominent materials:
Brick - used for the siding and structure of the house
Wood - used for carving and creating the porch of the building/house Southern Colonial Style Architecture is defined by:
2 or 3 story building
Large columned entry way
Vertical Symmetry across front elevation
Medium pitched roof
Noticeable pediment over the front door
Paired chimneys (one on each side of house)
Elevated due to Hurricane threats

These are all features to identify Southern Colonial Style, but a building/house does not have to have all these features to be considered Southern Colonial The most common areas of Southern Colonial Architecture were the southern regions of the original colonies:
Pennsylvania
Georgia
Maryland
South Carolina
Virginia Use of Visual Design Elements and Properties in Southern Colonial Architecture: Off of Epworth Road in Newburgh, IN 47630
(Between Telephone and Oakgrove) Corner of Scenic Drive and Lincoln Avenue in Evansville, IN 47715 Elements Properties Contrast: Red bricks and white columns make a noticeable difference Vertical Lines: Symbolizing dignity, formality, stability, and strength Cool Colors: White and dark shades used to sooth and not overwhelm visitors Square Form: House is a 3D object usually consisting of squares and rectangles, not many curves Space: Big house with nice, open space, especially front. No clutter or cramped area, plenty of space to be appealing Texture: Smooth wood surface for the front to make brighter, and siding is a rougher brick to even out the bright front Value: The house comes off as a bright color with little dark shading but more highlights of the white and off color shades Balance: Vertically symmetrical (formal) Rhythm: Regular rhythm with the same vertical lines being repeated through out the house Emphasis: Large vertical pillars and symmetrical front elevation draw viewers attention Proportion and Scale: Columns are bigger than everything else, but all the other pieces of the house are relative in size Movement: Use of symmetry and big open front draws attention of everyone to front door and entry way Unity: Consistent use of vertical lines along with the same colors ties all of the house together for visual enjoyment Southern Colonial Architecture was mainly used in a residential setting. It was used to house plantation owners and his family. It was created bigger in order to hold guests as well. Donald A. Gardner is a famous architect who utilizes some of the features in Southern Colonial Architecture. Not all the features are used, but most of them are used.
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