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Transcript of RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
System Upper Respiratory Tract nose
tonsils and adenoids
bronchi & bronchioles
alveoli Lower Respiratory Tract Accessory Organs to the Respiratory System Thoracic Cavity
Diaphragm Functions of the Respiratory System Ventilation Diffusion Perfusion movement of gases in and out of the lungs the tendency of a substance to move from a region of high concentration to an area of lower concentration the circulation of blood through tissues air pressure variances airway resistance lung compliance Mechanics
Ventilation lung volumes & capacities Head Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD RISK FACTORS: exposure to cigarette smoke
respiratory infections Clinical
Manifestations CHRONIC COUGH DYSPNEA SPUTUM PRODUCTION wheezing & chest tightness barrel chest fatigue anorexia & weight loss s/s depression &/or anxiety HEALTH HISTORY &
OXIMETRY & ABGs
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES ASSESSMENTS & DIAGNOSTIC FINDINGS **RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY**
**RESPIRATORY FAILURE** COMPLICATIONS pneumonia
cor pulmonale SMOKING CESSATION
Surgery MEDICAL MANAGEMENT REHABILITATION
education Nursing Diagnoses Impaired gas exchange Ineffective airway clearance Ineffective breathing pattern Activity intolerance Self-care deficit Ineffective coping Deficient knowledge
about self-management COPD: "a common preventable and treatable disease,
is characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is
usually progressive and associated with enhanced
inflammatory response in the airways and lung to
noxious particles and gases. Exacerbations and
comorbidities contribute to the overall severity in
individual patients" (GOLD, 2011, p.2).