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RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Nursing care for clients with respiratory disorders
by

Yvonne Morris

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

Unit 4
The
Respiratory
System Upper Respiratory Tract nose
paranasal sinuses
pharynx
tonsils and adenoids
larynx
trachea lungs
bronchi & bronchioles
alveoli Lower Respiratory Tract Accessory Organs to the Respiratory System Thoracic Cavity
Rib Cage
Intercostal Muscles
Diaphragm Functions of the Respiratory System Ventilation Diffusion Perfusion movement of gases in and out of the lungs the tendency of a substance to move from a region of high concentration to an area of lower concentration the circulation of blood through tissues air pressure variances airway resistance lung compliance Mechanics
of
Ventilation lung volumes & capacities Head Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Body Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
COPD RISK FACTORS: exposure to cigarette smoke
genetics
age
lung growth/development
respiratory infections Clinical
Manifestations CHRONIC COUGH DYSPNEA SPUTUM PRODUCTION wheezing & chest tightness barrel chest fatigue anorexia & weight loss s/s depression &/or anxiety HEALTH HISTORY &
PHYSICAL EXAM
SPIROMETRY
OXIMETRY & ABGs
ALPHA1- ANTITRYPSIN
DEFICIENCY SCREEN
CLASSIFICATION
DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSES ASSESSMENTS & DIAGNOSTIC FINDINGS **RESPIRATORY INSUFFICIENCY**

**RESPIRATORY FAILURE** COMPLICATIONS pneumonia
chronic atelectasis
pneumothorax
cor pulmonale SMOKING CESSATION
Medications
Manage exacerbations
Pulm. Rehabilitation
Oxygen Therapy
Surgery MEDICAL MANAGEMENT REHABILITATION
smoking cessation
exercise training
nutrition counseling
education Nursing Diagnoses Impaired gas exchange Ineffective airway clearance Ineffective breathing pattern Activity intolerance Self-care deficit Ineffective coping Deficient knowledge
about self-management COPD: "a common preventable and treatable disease,
is characterized by persistent airflow limitation that is
usually progressive and associated with enhanced
inflammatory response in the airways and lung to
noxious particles and gases. Exacerbations and
comorbidities contribute to the overall severity in
individual patients" (GOLD, 2011, p.2).
Full transcript