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Virginia Five Geographic Regions
Transcript of Virginia Five Geographic Regions
Covered with swamps and marshes, this low-lying area stretches up to 100 miles inland.
What industries do you think you would find in the Coastal Plains?
Many rivers flow through the Coastal Plain, making this an important transportation center. For centuries, ports along the Chesapeake Bay have served as major shipping hubs. Deep, protected harbors were good locations for ships to safely dock. Goods move in and out of the port areas by way of railroads and highways.
The Coastal Plain, or Tidewater, is fairly flat with a low elevation. It is bordered on the east by the Chesapeake Bay and Atlantic Ocean.
The Atlantic Coastal Plain has two distinct parts – mainland Virginia and the Delmarva Peninsula -- which are separated by the Chesapeake Bay.
This presentation is intended to give students a variety of visual representations of the five geographic regions in Virginia. It was designed as an introduction or can also be used as a review of the five geographic regions. I hope students can make the connection between the geography and why industries located in these regions and why certain products are produced there.
Fishing is one of the most important industries in Virginia’s Coastal Plain. Shipbuilding, tourism, military bases and the peanut industries are also found in this region.
The Fall Line is not a region, but separates the Coastal Plain from the Piedmont Region. The Fall Line is formed by rivers and streams flowing from older, harder rocks on the western side to the softer rocks on the eastern side.
Towns grew up at the Fall Line because cargo on boats had to be carried around the waterfalls. The waterfalls also provided a source of waterpower.
The Piedmont is between the Coastal Plain and the Blue Ridge Mountains. Piedmont means at the foot of the mountain and it is at the base of the Blue Ridge Mountains. The Piedmont has rolling hills.
Because the Piedmont has hills, water can run down them and create small waterfalls.
Industries important to the Piedmont Region include:
Blue Ridge Mountains
The Blue Ridge Mountains are located between the Piedmont Region and the Valley and Ridge Region. They are old, rounded mountains and part of the Appalachian Mountains.
Within the Blue Ridge province are two major national parks: the Shenandoah National Park in the northern section and the Great Smoky Mountains National Park in the southern section.
Luray Caverns, located in the Blue Ridge Mountains, is the largest and most popular caverns in Eastern America.
Recreation is the major industry in the Blue Ridge Mountains. Apples are the major product of this region.
Valley and Ridge Region
The Valley Mountain Ridge is west of the Blue Ridge Mountains Region. It has many valleys that are separated by mountain ridges. This region is part of the Appalachian Mountain chain.
The valleys and ridges were produced when bands of rocks, which were folded and faulted and eroded differently.
The Great Valley, also known as the Shenandoah Valley, in central and northern Virginia, is the easternmost portion of the Valley & Ridge province.
Well-developed caves and sinkholes can be found in the Great Valley.
Industries and products important to the Valley and Ridge Region:
Only a small part of the Appalachian Plateau is located in Virginia. The Appalachian Plateau region of Virginia is sometimes called the "toe of the boot."
It’s major landform is a plateau that makes this region higher than the Ridge and Valley Region. A plateau is a raised, level piece of land.
The Appalachian coalfields are the largest in the country. Other important minerals are iron ore, limestone, petroleum, and natural gas.
Instead of drilling below ground for coal, mountains are being demolished for coal: a method known as mountaintop coal removal.
Mining for coal is the major industry in the Appalachian Region of Virginia.
Blue Ridge Mountains
Old, rounded mountains, part of Appalachian mountain system; source of many rivers
Valley and Ridge
Includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separted by ridges; part of Appalachian mountain system
A plateau area of elevated land that is flat on top
Coastal Plain (Tidewater)
Flat land near the Atlantic Ocean and Chesapeake Bay
Rolling hills, land at the foot of mountains
Physical Regions of VA: http://blog1.glencoe.com/virginia/files/2010/02/Physical-Regions-of-VA.jpg.
Coatal Plain: http://web.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/Tidewater.htm
Atlantic Coastal Plain http://www.virginiaplaces.org/regions/fallshape.html
Piedmont Region: Waterfalls: http://web.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/Piedmont.htm
VA Trekkers: Podcast 7. Itunes.
Shenedoah music video:http://www.verybestofvirginia.com/what-do-drunk-buddies-do-to-pass-the-time-they-record-themselves-singing-about-virginia/
Blue Mountain Ridgehttp://www.oldspringfarm.com/aboutimages/09-1-02%20The%20Blue%20Ridge%20Mountains.JPG
Shendedoah National Park: http://www.nps.gov/shen/photosmultimedia/index.htm
Luray Caverns: http://www.visitshenandoah.org/Destinations/Luray-Page-County-Virginia/Attractions/Luray-Caverns.aspx
Valley Ridge Sinkholes: https://www.dmme.virginia.gov/dgmr/sinkholes.shtml
Valleys and Ridges: http://www.catawbalandcare.org/our-valley/environment/land/
Appalachian Plateau: http://web.scott.k12.va.us/martha2/Virginia%27s%20Geography.htm
Coal Fields: http://coalcampusa.com/swva/southwestern/southwestern.htm
Mining Mountaints http://www.smithsonianmag.com/ecocenter-energy/mining-the-mountains-130454620/?no-ist
Coal Miners: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_coal_miners
Virginia Region Rap: Youtube
VS.1 The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis and responsible citizenship.
VS. 2 The student will demonstrate knowledge of the physical geography and native peoples, past and present, of Virginia.
VS.3 The student will demonstrate knowledge of twentieth- and twenty-first-century Virginia
Click to watch video
Lindsey Davenport EDIM 508