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Joseon 조선 朝鲜
Transcript of Joseon 조선 朝鲜
The Joseon kingdom was created in 1392 after the overthrow of the nearly 500 year old Goryeo Dynasty
Joseon was the longest-ruling Confucian dynasty
It ended in 1897 and was followed by the Korean Empire
Map of Joseon
It was a tributary state of the Ming dynasty (China)
Tributary state - a state that is subordinate to a more powerful state
The territory of Joseon is the same as modern day Korea
The main language they used were traditional Chinese, but they also used Hangul (modern day Korean)
Hangul was created during the Joseon dynasty in 1443 by King Sejong the Great
Definition of word: chinese character
Traditional Chinese (Hanja)
The sound of the word in Hangul is based off the sound of it in chinese so many words have similar pronunciations
Most of the written documents were in Hanja so Hangul wasn't very common until the 19th and 20th century
The constitution was based off of old chinese laws
At the time when the laws were adapted, Korea had three kingdoms: Goguryeo, Baekje, and Silla
The royal family of Baekje started to modify the laws into chinese ones
Structure of Government
The King had absolute authority
The government officials were ranked in 18 different levels from first senior rank to ninth junior rank
First senior rank to third senior rank wore red robes
Third junior rank to Sixth junior rank wore blue robes
Those below wore green robes
Chief State Councilor
Right State Councilor
Left State Councilor
First senior rank
Seven other lower ranking officers
First junior rank
The state council is served as an advisory role under the king
Ministry of Personnel
appointment of officials
Ministry of Taxation
taxation, finances, census, agricultural, land policies
Ministry of Rites
rituals, culture, diplomacy
Ministry of Defence
Ministry of Justice
administration of law,
Ministry of Works
industry, public works, mining
Second Senior rank
Second Junior rank
Third Senior rank
The state religion was neo-Confucianism
Buddhism use to be the state religion during the Goryeo dynasty, but after the overthrow, neo-Confucianism was installed as the new dynasty's ideology
Ruling class and had privileges
Owned most of the wealth (land and slaves)
Did not have to pay taxes and avoided labour
They made up 10% of the population
Males were allowed to be scholars
Sejong the Great
Encouraged people to behave according to Confucianism
Governed by the principles of Confucianism
Created Hangul (modern day Korean)
Easier language so more people can become literate
The basic ideology of Joseon was based off of the principles of Confucianism
Humans were generally good in nature
"Library." Principles of Moral Thought and Action. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014. <http://www.patheos.com/Library/Confucianism/Ethics-Morality-Community/Principles-of-Moral-Thought-and-Action.html>.
"Neo-Confucianism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 23 Sept. 2014. Web. 29 Sept. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neo-Confucianism>.
"Joseon." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Sept. 2014. Web. 29 Sept. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseon>.
"Joseon Dynasty Politics." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 19 Sept. 2014. Web. 29 Sept. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseon_Dynasty_politics>.
"Society in the Joseon Dynasty." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 13 Sept. 2014. Web. 29 Sept. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Society_in_the_Joseon_Dynasty>.
"Korean Confucianism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Aug. 2014. Web. 29 Sept. 2014. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Korean_Confucianism>.
These are ministers that are part of the state council. The people in the back with blue robes are lower ranking officials.
Made up of commoners
Had to pay taxes and serve in army
Mostly peasants, artisans, fishermen, and merchants
Represented 75% of the total population
The slave class
Divided into two groups
Sanobi: private slaves
Gongnobi: slaves owned by the state