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Tesla & Adler

Personality
by

Jordyn Wright

on 14 December 2012

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Transcript of Tesla & Adler

Analysis of Personality:
Born in Austrian Empire (Croatia)
Father: Milutin Tesla, priest of Serbian Orthodox Church
Mother: Duka Mandic, made home craft tools
1 older brother & 3 sisters Severs all ties w/ family and friends due to shame
Suffers nervous breakdown Tesla Effect--Illuminates a vaccuum tube wirelessly
Develops lifelong obsession with wireless energy transmission Jordyn Wright Individual Pscyhology: Modern Critique: Individualistic & conforms to societal status quo
Indivduus: indivisible or inseparable; holistic approach to understaning personality
Fictional Finalism: guided by unconscious goals, ideals, and creative forces from inferiority to superiority
Pathways: Compensation, Resignation, Overcomepensation (superiority complex)
3 primary forces: Social interaction, love, work Gemeinschaftsgefuhl: feeling of community and social belonging developed through ecological connection with the cosmos; strong cognitive, existential, and humanistic aspects are a necessity of healthy styles of life “Social feeling means above all a struggle for a communal form that must be thought of as eternally applicable... when humanity has attained its goal of perfection... an ideal society amongst all mankind, the ultimate fulfillment of evolution” (Adler, 2011, p.275) Perfection Striving illustrates the interface of creative self within a social context, resulting in a dynamic system where environment influences personality and personality also alters and confronts the environments in which it exists “It is not, of course, the child’s number in order of successive births which influences his character but the situation into which he is born and the way in which he interprets it" (as cited in Davidson & Savickas, 1998, p. 74) Superiority Striving & Aggressive Drive
Over-Compensation: either neglectful or pampering parenting styles = overdeveloped need for attention
Social Development of Children:
(1) social responsibility/power-- Father
(2) social belonging-- Mother Strong influence:
Social Responsibility-- extreme work ethic; humiliation of dropping out, perseverance to pursue ideas; contributions to society
Social Concern-- "futurist" (new technologies that would transform society), contemplated social and philosophical issues (eugenics), challenged popular beliefs (gender roles)

Superiority Complex (Neurotic): "Rigid insistence upon complete superiority runs contradictory to the inherently social nature of human existence" -Adler (as cited in DeRoberis, 2012, p. 150) Weak influence:
Social Belonging-- no religious or other community affiliation, little life outside of work; however-- believed in the unity of humanity, spiritual
Interpersonal relationships-- celibacy, never married, avoided parties/social meetings,
However: well liked and respected by others
"Seldom did one meet a scientist or engineer who was also a poet, a philosopher, an appreciator of fine music, a linguist, and a connoisseur of food and drink" (Cheney, 2007)
"...distinguished sweetness, sincerity, modesty, refinement, generosity, and force” (O’Neil, 2007) Overall:
Very developed social identity
However, interests are overly expansive and esoteric
Lacks the ability to form meaningful connections with specific individuals
Neurotic styles of life:
Overcompensation- social responsibility/influence
Resignation- interpersonal social belonging
Healthy styles of life:
Compensation- concern for humanity/ society “But there was one, a beautiful bird, pure white with light grey tips on its wings; that one was different. It was female…I loved that pigeon as a man loves a woman, and she loved me. As long as I had her, there was purpose to my life”
(as cited in O’Neil, 2007). Nikola Tesla: 1856 1870 1875 Graduates Higher Real Gymnasium a year early
Can do integral calculus in his head Austrian Polytechnic, Graz, Austria
1st year: Never misses class; Highest grades;
2nd year: Loses scholarship; Becomes addicted to gambling
3rd year: Drops out Moves to NY: hired by Thomas Edison
Solves companies most difficult problems and revamps Edison's DC motor system Resigns and forms Tesla Electric Light & Manufacturing (betrayed by investors and shut out of company)
Spends next two years a penniless ditch digger Begins Tesla Electric Company
Obtains patent for AC motor 1878 1884 1885 1887 Opens Colorado Springs Lab Begins World-Wide Wireless System known as Wardenclyffe Tower Officially declares bankruptcy Death of his favorite pigeon symbolizes the end of his career Dies alone and in debt at his hotel room 1890 1899 1901 1916 1922 1943 Gambling for continuous days
Worked from 3am to 11pm, no exceptions-- once 84 hrs straight
Purposefully celibate
Never married Work Ethic:
Professors warned of death due to overwork
Never slept more than 2 hrs OCD in his later years:
Developed a hatred of jewelry and round objects
Could not bear to touch hair
Did not like to shake hands
Obsessed with the number three—he often felt compelled to walk around a block three times before entering a building; demanded 18 napkins (a number divisible by three) to polish his silver, glasses and plates
If he read one of an author's books, he had to read all of his books "The only method compatible with our notions of civilization and the race is to prevent the breeding of the unfit by sterilization and the deliberate guidance of the mating instinct .... The trend of opinion among eugenists is that we must make marriage more difficult. Certainly no one who is not a desirable parent should be permitted to produce progeny. A century from now it will no more occur to a normal person to mate with a person eugenically unfit than to marry a habitual criminal” (Tesla, 1982) Opposed to religious fanaticism-- but respected Buddhism and Christianity
Spiritual--but not religious or orthodox "For ages this idea [that each of us is only part of a whole] has been proclaimed in the consummately wise teachings of religion, probably not alone as a means of insuring peace and harmony among men, but as a deeply founded truth. The Buddhist expresses it in one way, the Christian in another, but both say the same: We are all one.”
(Tesla, 1900) •Believed in an ideal or improved society
•Against traditional racist pride or master race rationale
•Optimistic but reductionist view of mating
•Lacks emotional component to sex/marriage (love, friendship, etc.) •Challenged existing beliefs/views of society
•Went against popular culture
•Saw injustice within society
•Visionary—had hopes for future generations “This struggle of the human female toward sex equality will end in a new sex order, with the female as superior. The modern woman, who anticipates in merely superficial phenomena the advancement of her sex, is but a surface symptom of something deeper and more potent fermenting in the bosom of the race... Women will ignore precedent and startle civilization with their progress.”
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