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Poverty

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by

Elena Jones

on 13 March 2011

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Transcript of Poverty

Absolute poverty POVERTY Absolute, also referred to as extreme poverty is where people lack the basic needs for survival. For example, when they are in need of clean water, proper housing, sufficient clothing or medicine. Relative Poverty One of the major corporations in the UK that attempts to tackle poverty is Comic Relief, which has become a nationwide phenomenon. It is based on one day every two years, "red nose day" which is a televised event, where musicians, celebrities, comedians and civilians get together in order to help raise money for charity. They do incredible work that helps so many people internationally who are struggling through both absolute and relative poverty as well as other unfortunate situations. Relative poverty is where a person's way of life and income is so much worse than the general standard of living for their country or region. This restricts them from living a normal life and they cannot particpate economically, socially or culturally in the community. The following Video shows a group
of undercover british missionaries
that were investigating poverty in
China. This,distressing as it is, is what they found. The horrors of what these missionaries found are the drastic results of poverty and what it can do to an unstable location both socially and politically. Poverty is something that affects people worldwide, despite the worlds assumptions that it is only in Less Economically Developed Countries such as in Africa or the Middle East. This is because they are subjective to absolute poverty and it has been publicised more by the media in order to help combat it. However there are people in High Income countries can suffer just as much, if not more, due to having the misfortune of being part of relative poverty. It can affect just as many lives, in even more countries such as the USA, UK or European countries. Poverty is a pressing matter that we must resolve. Every day thousands of people die unecessarily simply because they live in poverty, something that, if tackled collectively, we can stop. Poverty statistics across the world: The USA-
35.9 million people live below the poverty line in America, including 12.9 million children
The estimated level of poverty in the United States is around 13.2%.
Unemployment is the main cause of poverty as most of the employed people enjoy a good standard of living. Only 2.5% of the total full-time employed citizens are poor.
The poverty rates among Hispanic people and African Americans are the highest, with 23.2% and 24.7% of each community said to be living in poverty.
Lack of education is one of the main reasons for poverty in the United States, as the high school dropouts earn the least amount of money - less than USD 16,615. The UK-
Nearly 13 million people live in poverty in the UK – that’s 1 in 5 of population.
3.8 million children in the UK are living in poverty.
2.2 million pensioners in the UK are living in poverty.
7.2 million working age adults in the UK are living in poverty.
70% of Bangladeshi children in the UK are poor.
Women are the majority in the poorest groups.
London has a higher proportion of people living in poverty than any other egion in the UK.
The UK has a higher proportion of its population living in relative poverty than most other EU countries: of the 27 EU countries, only 6 have a higher rate than the UK. To define poverty, governments all over the world subscribe to the concept of poverty line. The poverty line is the minimum daily income that facilitates the survival of any person.
The poverty line of every nation is defined on the basis of its national income, GDP and the national product. The World Bank has also defined a poverty line that is applicable globally.

The current international poverty line is $1.25 per day.

With a total population of all the countries at around 6.5. billion people, 3 billion of those earn less than $1.25 per day. The first effect of poverty on any person, is not being able to afford the basic necessities for survival which are food, clothing, shelter, hygiene and education. Out of the five basic necessities, food and hygiene are the most important for survival. the effects of poverty Food: Food is necessary for survival and is the most basic requirement to keep the human body working. However, the phenomenon of poverty has deprived people of food. Recent census reveals that about 852 million people went hungry in 2007-2008. Another horrifying fact is that 25,000 children die every day due to starvation. About 28% children from developing nations suffer from malnutrition and starvation. Hygiene: One of the worst effects of poverty is living in unhygienic conditions. The population affected by poverty rarely has access to medical facility. This also leads to unawareness about hygiene. Due to this reason, there are about 40 million people around the world, who are affected by HIV/AIDS. In one year alone, about 350 to 500 million people are affected by malaria, which also causes 1 million deaths.
Hygiene also includes proper sanitation facilities. It is estimated that about 660 million people live without proper sanitation facilities. Due to the lack of proper sanitation facilities, many diseases spread rapidly across the population. Some of the prominent diseases are diarrhea, which cause about 1.8 million deaths among children annually. Other hygiene related diseases that can develop are cholera, hepatitis and typhoid fever. 1.1 billion people throughout the world, do not have the facility of clean and safe water. Children suffer the worst from poverty because they are unable to overcome this nightmare, even if they do overcome poverty financially. Here are some facts regarding poverty affected children.
There are about 640 million children who are shelterless.
400 million children do have any kind of access to a safe source of drinking water.
270 million children cannot avail any kind of health service.
About 121 million children cannot avail education due to poverty. Children affected by poverty Mexico-
In 2002, half the population in Mexico was living in poverty and one fifth was living in extreme poverty. At the national level, in 2002 the rates of access were:
to electricity - 98%
to water - 90%
to sanitation - 80% Switzerland-
In 2005 it was discovered that 6.8% of children in Switzerland were affected by poverty.
Nevertheless, Switzerland has a significant number of "working poor"(people who have jobs but live below the poverty line), estimated at 213,000 people (3% of the population, or 7.4% of the working population). 3.3% of the population were depending on social welfare in 2005. Percentage of populations living on less than $1.25 a day

Argentina - 3.4
Central African Republic - 62.4
China, People's Republic of -15.9
Czech Republic - <2
Egypt - <2
Haiti - 54.9
India - 37
Jordan - <2
Mexico - 4.0
Morocco - 2.5
Russia - <2
South Africa - 26.2
Tunisia - 2.6
Vietnam - 21.5
Spain - 19.8
United Kingdom - 14
United States - 12 Italy-
In 2009 the relative poverty incidence was equal to 10.8%, whereas the absolute poverty was 4.7%.
The South and the Islands confirmed the poverty levels reached in 2008
22.7% for relative poverty,
7.7% for absolute poverty
It showed an increase for the absolute poverty intensity (from 17.3% to 18.8%).
Which means the number of absolutely poor households stayed almost the same, but their average conditions worsened. Africa-

About 50% of the African population live in slums.

A child dies every three seconds from AIDS and extreme poverty, often before their fifth birthday.

More than one billion people do not have access to clean water.

Every year six million children die from malnutrition before their fifth birthday.

More than 50 percent of Africans suffer from water-related diseases such as cholera and infant diarrhea.

More than 800 million people go to bed hungry every day, 300 million are children.

More than 90 percent are suffering long-term malnourishment and micro-nutrient deficiency.

In sub-Saharan Africa, measles takes the life of a child nearly every minute of every day. An effective measles vaccine costs as little as $1 per child. We can stop this happening. If we get together and fight poverty as a whole, we can save the children who die orphans, the parents who have to bury their children and the countless ones who simply die alone.
Just donate some money, recyle unwanted clothes or just be a voice for the voiceless.
Every time the government pays for more luxuries for us, they aren't helping the people in poverty and so more and more die.
Make the effort and join the campaign to fight poverty.
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