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The problem with self-control...

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Martha Susanna

on 10 November 2015

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Transcript of The problem with self-control...

self-discipline, delay of gratification, self-regulation, impulse control...

Depending on who's talking!


In context
Define
“Self-control is the capacity for altering one’s own responses, especially to bring them into line with standards such as ideals, values, morals, and social expectations, and to support the attainment of long-term goals.”

Baumeister, Vohs, and Tice (2007)
Terminology
Who has low
self-control?
Immediate effects of low self-control, and how these link to adult life
What does it look like in learners?
What is low
self-control?
Who does low
self-control affect?
Baumeister, R. F., Vohs, K. D., & Tice, D. M. (2007). The strength model of self-control. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(6), 351-355.

Daly, M. et al. (2015) Childhood Self-Control and Unemployment Throughout the Life Span: Evidence From Two British Cohort Studies. Psychological Science. [Online] 26 (6), 709-723.

Diamond, A. (2012). Activities and programs that improve children’s executive functions. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 21, 335–341.

Diamond, A. (2013). Executive functions. Annual Review of Psychology, 64, 135–168.

Diamond, A., & Lee, K. (2012). Interventions shown to aid executive function development in children 4 to 12 years
old. Science, 333, 959–964.

Duckworth, A. L., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Self-discipline outdoes IQ in predicting academic performance of adoles- cents. Psychological Science, 16, 939–944.

Duckworth, A. L., & Kern, M. L. (2011). A meta-analysis of the convergent validity of self-control measures. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(3), 259-268.

Duckworth, A. L., & Gross, J. J. (2014). Self-control and grit: Related but separable determinants of success. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 23, 319–325.

Duckworth, A. L., Gendler, T. G., & Gross, J. J., (2014) Self-Control in School-Age Children, Educational Psychologist, 49:3, 199-217

Evans, GW, and J Rosenbaum (2008), “Self-regulation and the income-achievement gap”, Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 23:504–14.

Gottfredson, M. R., & Hirschi, T. (1990). A General Theory of Crime. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Hogue, A., & Steinberg, L. (1995). Homophily of internalized distress in adolescent peer groups. Developmental Psychology, 31(6), 897-906.

Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D., Dickson, N., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H. L., Caspi, A. (2011). A gradient of childhood self-control predicts health, wealth, and public safety. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA, 108, 2693–2698.

Rothbart, M. K., Ellis, L. K., Rueda, M. R., & Posner, M. I. (2003). Developing mechanisms of temperamental effortful con- trol. Journal of Personality, 71, 1113–1145.
The problem with self-control...
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